Nathan Weiss (May 8, 1851 – September 13, 1883) was an Austrian physician and neurologist born in Gross-Meseritsch (today known as Velké Meziříčí, Czech Republic). His father was the famous Talmudic scholar Isaac Hirsch Weiss.
Weiss is remembered for pioneer systematic research of the spinal marrow, medulla oblongata and basal ganglia. The eponymous "Weiss' sign" is named after him, which today is usually referred to as "Chvostek's sign".
In 1881 he showed a causal relationship between tetany and the removal of goitre. Among his written works is a treatise on tetany (Über Tetanie) that is included in Richard von Volkmann's Sammlung klinischer Vorträge.
A friend of Sigmund Freud, Weiss committed suicide on September 13, 1883 at the age of 32, shortly after returning from his honeymoon. A few months prior to his death, he was appointed head of the outpatient clinic for nervous diseases at Vienna General Hospital.
- Jay Geller, On Freud's Jewish Body: Mitigating Circumcisions, Fordham Univ Press (2007), p. 90
- Weiss N. Centralbl Gesammt Ther 1883;1:9.
-  Freud 2000 by Anthony Elliott