Nathaniel Curzon, 1st Baron Scarsdale
Curzon was elected as Member of Parliament for Clitheroe in 1747 which he held until 1754 when he was elected for his father's former constituency Derbyshire. In 1761 he was created Lord Scarsdale and later served as Chairman of Committees in the House of Lords.
Curzon started work on the development of Kedleston Hall before he inherited. He employed the landscape gardener William Emes to replace the formal water features with natural lakes. In 1759 he commissioned the rebuilding of the house, designed in the Palladian style by the architects James Paine and Matthew Brettingham. Robert Adam was designing some garden temples to enhance the landscape of the park at the time and Curzon was so impressed with Adam's designs that Adam was quickly put in charge of the construction of the new mansion.
Curzon died in 1804. He had married, in 1751, Lady Carolina Colyear, daughter of Charles, Earl of Portmore, with whom he had 5 sons and 2 daughters. His eldest son, also Nathaniel, succeeded to the title and became the 2nd Lord Scarsdale.
Curzon intended Kedleston Hall to outshine the house of his Whig neighbour the Cavendishes at Chatsworth. He employed several architects and in December 1758 he met Robert Adam, who he would employ in his reconstruction of Kedleston. Curzon's cabinet-maker of choice was John Linnell. Linnell created the arguably the most magnificent sofas of the Georgian era for the Drawing Room at Kedleston. These sofas have sea nymphs, mermen and mermaids whose tails entwine as their armrests.
|Parliament of Great Britain|
Thomas Lister II
| Member of Parliament for Clitheroe
With: Thomas Lister II
Thomas Lister II
Lord Frederick Cavendish
Sir Nathaniel Curzon, 4th Bt.
| Member of Parliament for Derbyshire
With: Lord George Augustus Cavendish
Lord George Augustus Cavendish
Sir Henry Harpur, Bt
|Baronetage of England|
|Peerage of Great Britain|
|New creation|| Baron Scarsdale