Nathaniel Lindley, Baron Lindley
The Lord Lindley
|Lord of Appeal in Ordinary|
10 May 1900 – 2 December 1905
|Master of the Rolls|
19 October 1897 – 9 May 1900
|Preceded by||The Lord Esher|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Alverstone|
29 November 1828
Acton Green, London, England
|Died||9 December 1921(aged 93)|
|Education||University College School|
|Alma mater||University College London|
Nathaniel Lindley, Baron Lindley,(29 November 1828 – 9 December 1921) was an English judge.
He was the second son of the botanist John Lindley, born at Acton Green, London. From his mother's side, he was descended from Sir Edward Coke. He was educated at University College School, and studied for a time at University College London.
He was called to the bar at the Middle Temple in 1850, and began practice in the Court of Chancery. In 1855 he published An Introduction to the Study of Jurisprudence, consisting of a translation of the general part of Thibaut's System des Pandekten Rechts, with copious notes. In 1860 he published in two volumes his Treatise on the Law of Partnership, including its Application to Joint Stock and other Companies, and in 1862 a supplement including the Companies Act 1862. This work has since been developed into two textbooks well known to lawyers as Lindley on Companies and Lindley on Partnership. Among his pupils were Francis William Maclean, later Chief Justice of Bengal, and Frederick Pollock.
In 1875, he was appointed to be a Serjeant-at-law and a Justice of the Court of Common Pleas, the appointment of a chancery barrister to a common-law court being justified by the fusion of common law and equity then shortly to be brought about, in theory at all events, by the Judicature Acts.
In 1897, Lord Justice Lindley succeeded Lord Esher as Master of the Rolls, and in 1900 he was made a Lord of Appeal in Ordinary with a life peerage and the title of Baron Lindley, of East Carleton in the County of Norfolk. He resigned the judicial post in 1905.
Prior to the 1875 reforms, the appointment of serjeants-at-law had already declined, but common law judges could only be appointed from amongst the serjeants-at-law, so it was customary for any appointee who was not yet a serjeant to be appointed a serjeant immediately prior to being appointed a judge. As the requirement for common law judges to be serjeants was abolished shortly after, Lord Lindley became the last serjeant-at-law appointed, and the last judge to wear the serjeant's coif, or rather the black patch representing it, on the judicial wig.
Mount Lindley in Antarctica is named after him.
He married Sarah Katharine, daughter of Edward John Teale of Leeds, on 5 Aug 1858. He died at home in East Carleton, near Norwich, in 1921. They had nine children, including diplomat Sir Francis Oswald Lindley and the army officer Major-General John Lindley.
Coat of arms
Lord Lindley published two notable works, Lindley on Companies and Lindley on Partnership. The latter is still published today, as Lindley and Banks on Partnership, now in its 20th edition (2017).
- Allen v Gold Reefs of West Africa Ltd  1 Ch 656
- Illingworth v Houldsworth  AC 355, on floating charges
- Isle of Wight Rly Co v Tahourdin (1884) LR 25 Ch D 320 - a UK company law case on removing directors under the Companies Clauses Act 1845.
- Salomon v A Salomon & Co Ltd  AC 22
- Allcard v Skinner (1887) 36 Ch D 145
- Byrne v Van Tienhoven  5 CPD 344
- Carlill v Carbolic Smoke Ball Company  EWCA Civ 1,  1 QB 256,  2 QB 484 (QBD) - an advertisement containing certain terms to get a reward constituted a binding unilateral offer that could be accepted by anyone who performed its terms.
- Creen v Wright (1875–76) LR 1 CPD 591
- Foakes v Beer (Lindley sitting in the Court of Appeal)  UKHL 1, [1881-85] All ER Rep 106, (1884) 9 App Cas 605; 54 LJQB 130; 51 LT 833; 33 WR 233 - a leading case from the House of Lords on the legal concept of consideration
- Parker v South Eastern Railway (1877) 2 CPD 416
Trusts and equity
- Knox v Gye (1872)
- In re Addlestone Linoleum Co (1887) 37 Ch D 191
- South Hetton Coal Co v Haswell, Shotton and Easington Coal and Coke Co  1 Ch. 465
- Taff Vale Railway Co v Amalgamated Society of Railway Servants  AC 426
- Scottish Free Church case  AC 515
- Shepheard v Broome  AC 342
- Nathaniel Lindley, An Introduction to the Study of Jurisprudence; Being a Translation of the General Part of Thibaut’s System des Pandekten Rechts (William Maxwell, 1855)
- Chisholm 1911, p. 719.
- "No. 23825". The London Gazette. 6 February 1872. p. 466.
- "No. 24211". The London Gazette. 25 May 1875. p. 2773.
- "No. 8584". The Edinburgh Gazette. 28 May 1875. p. 349.
- "No. 24209". The London Gazette. 18 May 1875. p. 2681.
- "No. 8582". The Edinburgh Gazette. 21 May 1875. p. 333.
- "No. 25033". The London Gazette. 1 November 1881. p. 5353.
- "No. 25050". The London Gazette. 20 December 1881. p. 6757.
- "No. 26903". The London Gazette. 26 October 1897. p. 5869.
- "No. 10931". The Edinburgh Gazette. 29 October 1897. p. 1026.
- "No. 27192". The London Gazette. 15 May 1900. p. 3070.
- "No. 11198". The Edinburgh Gazette. 18 May 1900. p. 494.
- RS. "The Royal Society: Library and Archive catalogue: surname Lindley". Retrieved 10 July 2011.[dead link]
- The Royal Society 1921.
- "Lindley, Baron (UK, 1900 - 1921)". Cracrofts Peerage. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
- "Lindley & Banks on Partnership - 9780414023758 - SWEET & MAXWELL". Law Books - Sweet & Maxwell the Law Books and Law Journals Professionals. 2 December 2016. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
- "DServe Archive Catalog: Election ballot to the Royal Society; Lindley: Nathaniel (1828–1921); Baron Lindley Elected 1898". The Royal Society. 9 December 1921. Ref num: EC/1898/01. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Lindley, Nathaniel Lindley, Baron". Encyclopædia Britannica. 16 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 719.
- Pine, L. G. (1972). The New Extinct Peerage 1884–1971: Containing Extinct, Abeyant, Dormant and Suspended Peerages With Genealogies and Arms. London, U.K.: Heraldry Today. p. 178..
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| Master of the Rolls