|Founded||Osaka, Japan (1925 )|
|Defunct||October 1, 2008|
|Headquarters||Kadoma, Osaka, Japan|
|Products||home, personal and industrial appliances, bicycles|
National (ナショナル Nashonaru?) is a defunct brand used by Panasonic Corporation (formerly Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.) to sell home appliances, personal appliances, and industrial appliances. Neither National Semiconductor nor National Car Rental are related to Panasonic or the "National" brand.
Before present-day Panasonic produced appliances under the name, the National brand was first used by Konosuke Matsushita's electric firm to sell his battery-powered bicycle lamps, hoping that they would be a product used by all of Japan, hence the name "National". It was arguably the first well-known brand of Japanese electronics.
National was formerly the premier brand on most Matsushita products, including audio and video and was often combined as National Panasonic after the worldwide success of the Panasonic name.
After 1980 in Europe, and 1988 in Australia and New Zealand, Matsushita ceased the usage of "National", and sold audiovisual products exclusively under the Panasonic and Technics nameplates. Perhaps due to trademark issues, Matsushita never officially used the National name in the United States, except for early imported products, but rice cookers bearing the National name, imported from Japan, could be found at many ethnic Asian markets.
National is well known throughout Asia as a reputable manufacturer of domestic appliances such as rice cookers. Electric fans are manufactured by KDK and rebranded as National and Panasonic. In 2004, the "National" brand was gradually phased out in Asia, the last market it was used in, with most products being rebadged under the Panasonic brand due to trademark restrictions with other companies worldwide containing "National" in their name and Konosuke Matsushita's desire to unify their businesses under the Panasonic name for greater recognition.
Due to its historical significance and recognition in Matsushita's native Japan, non-audiovisual Matsushita products (mostly home appliances or white goods) were branded "National" until September 2008. As of October 1, 2008, Matsushita changed its company name to Panasonic Corporation. Non-audiovisual products that were branded "National" in Japan are currently marketed under the "Panasonic" brand. As in 2015, National was renamed it Ohmura Electric for the production of electric fan, air conditioner, laptop motherboard and other appliances and succeeded by KDK, JVC and Technics.
National bicycles were imported into the United States under the Panasonic label. The brand was known for producing high quality cycles at a relatively low price, as the result of a very high degree of factory automation and a resultingly low labor force with attendant savings in salaries and benefits. One of their models featured the unusual Shimano front freewheel system.
- In 1960, National launched a tokusatsu series, co produced by Toei, called National Kid, in a clear merchandising effort. The series wasn't popular in its home market, but attained cult status in Brazil.
- In 1976, the Swedish band ABBA shot some ads promoting National. They were broadcast in Western Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, Philippines and Thailand.
- In the 1980s a promotion was made in Japan for National TV, using the cat "Chatran" also known as "Milo" on the Columbia Pictures movie release "The Adventures Of Milo & Otis" (Koneko Monogatari). The commercial features some segments of the movie, then shows "Chatran"/"Milo" with a human companion.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to National (brand).|
- (Japanese) Panasonic products website
- (English) Brand History, Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.
- (English) The National brand: 1927
- (English) ABBA TV commercials promoting National Brand (From YouTube)
- (English) Background information on the making of the commercials, plus lyrics and voiceovers used
- (Japanese) National Brand TV commercial cross promoting "The Adventures Of Milo & Otis"/The Adventures Of Chatran" from 1986 (From YouTube)
- (Japanese) Ohmura Electric Industry plc.