Kazakhstan Academy of Sciences
|Address||050010, Shevchenko street, 28, Almaty|
Kazakhstan Academy of Sciences (official name National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan) the highest scientific organization of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The Academy of Sciences was founded on 1 June 1946 on the basis of the Kazakh branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences. The central office is located in Almaty. It is a state institution that joins active members (academicians), corresponding members, and leading scientists of Kazakhstan.
The main activities of the Academy are scientific research, analysis and forecasting of the development of science, priorities of science development and scientific personnel training, support, formation, and coordination of scientific programs, promotion of international cooperation, innovation and investment in science-based development. Areas of research include earth sciences, mathematics, computer science, physics, remote sensing and space technologies, chemistry, new materials, biologically active substances, biochemistry and physiology of plants, botany, soil sciences, social sciences and humanities. The incumbent president (as of 2020) is Professor Murat Zhurinov.
History of Academy
The first scientific institutions appeared in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan at the beginning of the 20th century. At the first stage, these were agricultural institutions that was conducting research on seed variety.
Kazakh branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences
The history of the Academy dates back to March 8, 1932, when the Presidium of the USSR Academy of Sciences, at the request of the government of the Kazakh ASSR , decided to organize a scientific base in Kazakhstan in Almaty. The new organization created in the same year included the zoological and botanical sectors. In November 1938, the base was transformed into the Kazakh branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences (KazFAN of the USSR). This was the largest institution in the republic, which employed 100 scientists, including 3 doctors and 14 candidates of sciences - before the start of World War II.
By the beginning of the 1940s, there were 12 universities, 11 research & development and design-technological organizations, 2 design institutes, 2 agricultural experimental stations, 6 factory research and design divisions, a botanical garden and a zoological park in the republic and the city of Almaty.
The Academy of Sciences of the KazakhSSR
On October 26, 1945 a resolution of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR was issued on the organization of the Academy of Sciences in Kazakhstan. Therefore the Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR was established on June 1, 1946 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, Council of Ministers of the Kazakh SSR and the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan and became the main science headquarter of the republic and the coordinator of scientific research works in Kazakhstan. From the first years of its establishment, the National Academy of Sciences of the republic launched a broad study on the development of rich natural resources, which has made a significant contribution to the development of the productive forces of the country in solving the most important problems of an economic, social and spiritual development of Kazakhstan's society.
National Academy of Sciences of Kazakhstan
In 1996, by a decree of the President of Kazakhstan, the National Academy of Sciences, the Kazakh Academy of Agricultural Sciences and the Ministry of Science and New Technologies of the Republic of Kazakhstan merged into the central executive body of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan - “Ministry of Science - National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan”.
In 1999, the Academy of Sciences was separated from the ministry, while all academic institutions remained part of the ministry. The Academy is a public association.
In 2003, in accordance with the Decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, The Academy was given the status of the Republican private association "National academy of sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan".
- Kanysh Satbayev (1946–52, 1955–64)
- Dinmukhamed Kunaev (1952–55)
- Shafik Chokin (1964–67)
- Shahmardan Yesenov (1967–74)
- Askar Kunaev (1974–86)
- Murat Aitkhozhin (1986–87)
- Umirzak Sultangazin (1987–94)
- Kenzhegali Sagadiev (1994–96)
- Vladimir Shkolnik (1996–99)
- Nagima Aitkhozhina (1999-2002)
- Serikbek Daukeev (2002–03)
- Murat Zhurinov (2003–present)
Notable academy members
Full Members (Academians)
- Kanysh Satbayev — Geologist and First President.
- Mikhail Rusakov — Geologist
- Dinmukhamed Kunaev — Engineer (and later politician)
- Shafik Chokin — Power Engineer
- Nikolai Vasilievich Pavlov — Botanist
- Murat Aitkhozhin — Molecular Biologist
- Nadir Nadirov — Chemist
- Maya Shigaeva — Microbiologist
- Orazak Ismagulov — Anthropologist
- Askar Dzhumadildayev — Mathematician
- Sarsen Amanzholov — Linguist
- Department of Earth Sciences
- Department of Physics, Mathematics and Informatics
- Department of Chemical Technology Sciences
- Department of Biological and Medical Sciences
- Department of Social Sciences and Humanities
- Department of Agricultural Sciences
- "HISTORY OF NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES".
- Ермекбай, Жарас Акишевич (2016). "Формирование и развитие науки Советского Казахстана". Вестник Томского Государственного Университета (413): 103–110. doi:10.17223/15617793/413/16. ISSN 1561-7793.
- (PDF) http://archive.president.kz/wp-content/uploads/Virtualnaya-vystavka_NAN_RK_70-letie.pdf. Missing or empty
- "Академия наук - About the Academy". nauka-nanrk.kz. Retrieved 2020-01-08.
- "Pavlov, Nikolai Vasilievich (1893-1971)". plants.jstor.org. 19 April 2013. Retrieved 23 September 2014.
- "Национальная академия наук Республкики Казахстан". nauka-nanrk.kz (in Russian). Retrieved 2021-12-18.
- Kazakhstan Academy of Science on The Interacademy Panel site.