National Advisory Council
|Jurisdiction||Government of India (Union Government)|
The National Advisory Council (NAC) of India was an advisory body set up by the first United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government to advise the Prime Minister of India. Sonia Gandhi served as its Chairperson for much of the tenure of the UPA.
Organization (2010 - 2014)
The NAC - II consisted of a mix of activists, bureaucrats, economists, politicians and industrialists.
- Sonia Gandhi - Chairperson
- Mihir Shah - Member, Planning Commission
- Narendra Jadhav - former bureaucrat & Member, Planning Commission
- Ashis Mondal - Director of Action for Social Advancement (ASA), Bhopal
- Prof. Pramod Tandon - Vice Chancellor, North Eastern Hill University
- Deep Joshi - Social activist
- Farah Naqvi - Social activist
- Dr. N. C. Saxena - former bureaucrat
- Anu Aga - Businessperson
- A. K. Shiva Kumar - Economist
- Mirai Chatterjee - Coordinator, SEWA, Ahmedabad
- Virginius Xaxa - Deputy Director, TISS, Guwahati Campus
The members who served on the NAC and later resigned are
- Aruna Roy - former bureaucrat
- Prof. M.S. Swaminathan - Agricultural scientist and MP
- Yogendra Yadav - Psephologist and political commentator
- Dr. Ram Dayal Munda - MP
- Jean Dreze - Development economist
- Harsh Mander - former Bureaucrat
- Madhav Gadgil - Ecologist
- Jayaprakash Narayan (Lok Satta)- Former Bureaucrat
The NAC was responsible for the drafting of several key bills passed by both UPA governments, including the Right to Information Act, Right to Education Act, Employee Guarantee Act, and the Food Security Bill.
The concept of a NAC has been criticized by opposition parties and some scholars as not being in keeping with India's constitution, because of the possibility that it might emerge as an alternative cabinet. However an alternative view was that the existence of the NAC could deepen democracy by facilitating greater prelegislative/pre-policy consultation. The NAC also finalized draft recommendations for a mandatory prelegislative consultative process which have remarkable potential to democratize lawmaking. The council ceased to exist when the Narendra Modi government took office after the 2014 Indian general elections.
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