National Space Council
The National Space Council was a body within the Executive Office of the President of the United States, which existed from 1989 to 1993 during the administration of George H.W. Bush. It was a modified version of the earlier National Aeronautics and Space Council (1958-1973).
1958 - 1973 National Aeronautics and Space Council (NASC)
|This section is missing information about why the NASC was abolished in 1973. (July 2015)|
Established by the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958, the NASC was chaired by the President of the United States (then Dwight Eisenhower). Other members included the Secretaries of State and Defense, the NASA Administrator, the Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, plus up to four additional members (one from the federal government and up to three from private industry) chosen at the President's discretion.
The Council was allowed to employ a staff to be headed by a civilian executive secretary. Eisenhower did not use the NASC extensively during the remainder of his term, and recommended at the end of his last year in office, that it be abolished. He did not fill the post of executive secretary but named an acting secretary on loan from NASA. Shortly before assuming office, President-elect John F. Kennedy announced that he wanted his Vice President, Lyndon Johnson, to become chairman of the NASC, requiring an amendment to the Space Act.
Edward Cristy Welsh was the first executive secretary of the NASC, appointed in 1961 by President John F. Kennedy. Welsh, who as a legislative aide to Senator Stuart Symington (D-Missouri) helped draft the 1958 legislation that created NASA and the NASC, spent the 1960s as the principal advisor to the White House on space issues. He also assisted in the development of the legislation that created the Communications Satellite Corporation (COMSAT). After his retirement in 1969, he remained active as an advisor to NASA.
1989 - 1993 National Space Council
- The Secretary of State;
- The Secretary of the Treasury;
- The Secretary of Defense;
- The Secretary of Commerce;
- The Secretary of Transportation;
- The Director of the OMB;
- The Chief of Staff to the President;
- The Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs;
- The Assistant to the President for Science and Technology;
- The Director of Central Intelligence; and
- The Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
On February 12, 1992, friction between the largely astronaut-based management at NASA and the National Space Council led to Richard Truly, then NASA Administrator and a former astronaut, being forced out. Truly was forced out after Vice President Quayle and the space council's executive director, Mark J. Albrecht, enlisted the aid of Samuel K. Skinner, the White House chief of staff, in urging Pres. Bush to remove Truly. Quayle and the council staff made the move because they felt Truly would impede a new plan to restructure and streamline many aspects of the space program, including the space agency administration.
Re-creation of the National Space Council
President Barack Obama promised to re-establish the National Aeronautics and Space Council upon taking office in an effort to bridge the gap between the civil and military space agencies. However, he completed two terms without such reestablishment.
President Donald Trump made a similar promise during his 2016 campaign. On March 21st, 2017, Vice President Mike Pence announced that President Trump relaunched the National Space Council during his signing of Senate bill S.442, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Transition Authorization Act of 2017. The council is chaired by the Vice President and will consist of members from both the public and private sectors.
- "A new space council?".The Space Review. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
- Leary, Warren E. (February 15, 1992). "Quayle's Influence Seen in NASA Shake-Up". New York Times. New York Times. Retrieved 2008-08-06.
- "National Space Policy". commerce.gov. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
- "Fox News - Breaking News Updates". Fox News. Archived from the original on September 9, 2008.
- "The Obameter: Re-establish the National Aeronautics and Space Council - PolitiFact". PolitiFact. August 2, 2010. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
- "Op-ed Trump's space policy reaches for Mars and the stars". Space News. Retrieved November 10, 2015.
- "President Trump Signs S. 442".
- "S.442 - National Aeronautics and Space Administration Transition Authorization Act of 2017".