National Agrarian Party (Romania)
The party emerged in 1932 following a split in the People's Party and in response to the conversion of its founder the poet Octavian Goga to anti-Semitism. Goga had managed to convince much of the membership of General Alexandru Averescu's party to follow him into the new group.
Under the Goga's leadership the National Agrarian Party espoused an authoritarian nationalist ideology. It adopted "Christ! King! Fatherland!" as its slogan, a rallying cry already associated with Goga before the party's formation.
In July 1935 the group merged with A. C. Cuza's National-Christian Defense League to form the National Christian Party, a hard-line Anti-Semitic group that sought to challenge the Iron Guard whilst remaining close to more mainstream conservative forces. Pressure for this move had come from the office of Alfred Rosenberg in Nazi Germany, where a stronger anti-Semitic party in Romania was seen as desirable.
- William Brustein, Roots of Hate: Anti-Semitism in Europe Before the Holocaust, Cambridge University Press, 2003, p. 157
- Keith Hitchins, Rumania: 1866-1947, Oxford University Press, 1994, pp. 403-4
- Stanley G. Payne, A History of Fascism 1914-45, London: Routledge, 2001, p. 279
- Richard S. Levy, Antisemitism: A Historical Encyclopedia of Prejudice and Persecution, Volume 2, ABC-CLIO, 2005, p. 279
- Payne, A History of Fascism, p. 284
- Levy, Antisemitism, p. 158
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