National Ambient Air Quality Standards
The US National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS, pronounced \'naks\) are standards established by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) under authority of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.) that apply for outdoor air throughout the country. Primary standards are designed to protect human health, with an adequate margin of safety, including sensitive populations such as children, the elderly, and individuals suffering from respiratory diseases. Secondary standards are designed to protect public welfare (including effects on soils, water, crops, vegetation, man-made materials, animals, wildlife, weather, visibility, and climate), damage to property, transportation hazards, economic values, and personal comfort and well-being from any known or anticipated adverse effects of a pollutant. A district meeting a given standard is known as an "attainment area" for that standard, and otherwise a "non-attainment area".
|Pollutant||Type||Standard||Averaging Timea||Regulatory Citation|
|SO2||Primary||75 ppb||1-hour||40 C.F.R. 50.17a|
|SO2||Secondary||0.5 ppm (1,300 μg/m³)||3-hour||40 C.F.R. 50.5a|
|PM10||Primary and Secondary||150 μg/m³||24-hour||40 C.F.R. 50.6a|
|PM2.5||Primary||12 μg/m³||annual||40 C.F.R. 50.18a|
|PM2.5||Secondary||15 μg/m³||annual||40 C.F.R. 50.7a|
|PM2.5||Primary and Secondary||35 μg/m³||24-hour||40 C.F.R. 50.18a|
|CO||Primary||35 ppm (40 mg/m³)||1-hour||40 C.F.R. 50.8a(2)|
|CO||Primary||9 ppm (10 mg/m³)||8-hour||40 C.F.R. 50.8a(1)|
|O3||Primary and Secondary||0.12 ppm (235 μg/m³)||1-hourb||40 C.F.R. 50.9a|
|O3||Primary and Secondary||0.070 ppm (140 μg/m³)||8-hour||40 C.F.R. 50.19a|
|NOx||Primary and Secondary||0.053 ppm (100 μg/m³)||annual||40 C.F.R. 50.11ab|
|Pb||Primary and Secondary||0.15 μg/m³||Rolling 3 months||40 C.F.R. 50.12a|
- ^a Each standard has its own criteria for how many times it may be exceeded, in some cases using a three-year average.
- ^b As of June 15, 2005, the 1-hour ozone standard no longer applies to areas designated with respect to the 8-hour ozone standard (which includes most of the United States, except for portions of 10 states).
- Source: USEPA
The EPA National Exposure Research Laboratory can designate a measurement device using an established technological basis as a Federal Reference Method (FRM) to certify that the device has undergone a testing and analysis protocol, and can be used to monitor NAAQS compliance. Devices based on new technologies can be designated as a Federal Equivalent Method (FEM). FEMs are based on different sampling and/or analyzing technologies than FRMs, but are required to provide the same decision making quality when making NAAQS attainment determinations. Approved new methods are formally announced through publication in the Federal Register. A complete list of FRMs and FEMs is available.
Air quality control region
An air quality control region is an area, designated by the federal government, where communities share a common air pollution problem. 
- Air pollution
- Air Quality Index
- Atmospheric dispersion modeling
- Clean Air Act (1990)
- Portable Emissions Measurement System
- Toxic Substances Control Act of 1976
- Trans-Alaska Pipeline System Renewal Environmental Impact Statement article
- Hall, Eric S.; Kaushik, Surender M.; Vanderpool, Robert W.; Duvall, Rachelle M.; Beaver, Melinda R.; Long, Russell W.; Solomon, Paul A.; Hall, Eric S.; Kaushik, Surender M. (2014). "Integrating Sensor Monitoring Technology into the Current Air Pollution Regulatory Support Paradigm: Practical Considerations". American Journal of Environmental Engineering. 4 (6). ISSN 2166-465X. doi:10.5923/j.ajee.20140406.02 (inactive 2017-06-27).
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- Gilliam, Joseph H.; Hall, Eric S. (2016-07-13). "Reference and Equivalent Methods Used to Measure National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) Criteria Air Pollutants - Volume I". U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved 2017-06-28.
- "EPA document".
- EPA summary of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards
- EPA summary for Air & Radiation
- EPA Green Book showing non-attainment, maintenance, and attainment areas
- Most Polluted Cities, 2005 – American Lung Association