National Anthem of Colombia
|English: National Anthem of the Republic of Colombia|
Front page of the sheet music to the National Anthem of Colombia.
National anthem of Colombia
|Lyrics||Rafael Núñez, 1887|
|Music||Oreste Sindici, 1887|
|Adopted||October 28, 1920|
The "National Anthem of the Republic of Colombia" (English: Himno Nacional de la República de Colombia) is the official name of the national anthem of Colombia. The anthem, commonly known as ¡Oh gloria inmarcesible! (O Unfading Glory), was largely the creation of José Domingo Torres, an actor from Bogotá, who took a poem written by former Colombian president Rafael Núñez and asked a friend, opera singer Oreste Sindici, to set it to music.
The official announcement came in the form of Act 33 of October 28 of 1920. The law 198 of 1995, which legislates national symbols, its broadcast became mandatory for all radio and television in the country both at 6:00 am and at 6:00 pm (the latter half, at various times for private open signal and not applicable to national TV channels by cable), and public addresses of the President of the Republic and other official events.
|Spanish lyrics||English translation|
|¡Oh, gloria inmarcesible!
¡Oh, júbilo inmortal!
Oh, unfading glory!
|Cesó la horrible noche.
La libertad sublime
The dreadful night has ceased.
el mundo americano.
|Del Orinoco el cauce
se colma de despojos,
|A orillas del Caribe,
hambriento un pueblo lucha,
|De Boyacá en los campos,
el genio de la gloria,
From Boyacá in the fields,
|Bolívar cruza el Ande
que riegan dos océanos,
|La trompa victoriosa
en Ayacucho truena,
The victorious trumpet
|La virgen sus cabellos
arranca en agonía
In agony, the Virgin
|La patria así se forma,
Thus the motherland is formed,
|Mas no es completa gloria
vencer en la batalla,
But it's not complete glory
|Del hombre los derechos
Instrumental Introduction Lyrics
During the border conflict with Peru (1932–1934), the soldiers who defended Colombia's national sovereignty added a new verse after the trumpet fanfare. Written specifically for that time of war, it soon fell into disuse. The words are:
- Hoy que la madre patria se halla herida,
- Hoy que debemos todos combatir, combatir,
- Demos por ella nuestra vida
- Que morir por la patria no es morir, es vivir
- Now when the motherland is wounded,
- Now when we must all fight, fight,
- Let us give our life for her,
- Because to die for one's country is not to die but live.
According to José Antonio Amaya, elementary school students in the 1930s were taught this stanza.
The final line is very similar to a line in the national anthem of Cuba that goes, "¡Que morir por la patria es vivir!"
The anthem should be played chorus-verse-chorus. Although the first verse is usually sung between choruses, any of the eleven verses may be used. The anthem should be played chorus-verse-chorus regardless of which verse is selected. This is how it is customarily performed in all public, political, and other important events both public and private.
However, it is not uncommon for only the chorus and verse to be played without repeating the chorus. This is usually the case when brevity is sought. By law, radio and television broadcasts must play the national anthem at 6:00 am and 6:00 pm, and the radio invariably uses the shorter format. The shorter anthem is also used at international events such as the Olympic Games or World Cup.
In ceremonies of the Colombian Artillery, the last verse is used instead of the first verse. The Colombian Cavalry traditionally uses the sixth verse, while the 4th verse is used by the Colombian Navy.
- "Colombia: Himno Nacional de la República de Colombia (¡Oh gloria inmarcesible!)". NationalAnthems.me. Retrieved 2011-08-15.
- Some versions give "El pueblo es soberano" ("People are sovereign")