State Archive Service of Ukraine

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The State Archive Service of Ukraine or Ukrderzharkhiv is a Ukrainian government agency that realizes state policy in spheres of keeping of archives, record, function of state system of documentation security fund as well as an inter-trade coordination on matters within its competence. As part of administrative reorganization initiated by the President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych in 2010, the service was created out the State Committee of Archives (DerzhKomArchiv). The agency is part of the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine since 1999.

Ukrderzharkhiv is a member of the International Council on Archives since 1956.

Ukrainian archives are the hardest accessible in the whole Europe. Archives do not publish their catalogs online. As of 2017 there is no any state program for online documents publishing. Most of the archives are overloaded with visitors. Waiting time to access documents in reading room could reach several weeks and occasionally months. Most of the staff speak Ukrainian or Russian only. Some of the western archives have personal that can speak Polish and occasionally Romanian, Moldavian and English. So far it's seems that Odessa state oblast archive is the only one where personal can speak English.

Over the years there were some international programs for scanning collections. US Holocaust Memorial Museum had some successful programs.

FamilySearch organization used to work in Ukraine since 1993 till 2011. However the contract was dropped by Ukrainian government when president Yanukovych came to power. His new chief of Ukrderzharkhiv, a member of communist party Olha Hinzburh, proclaimed that "Ukrainian archives are to open for everyone" and national politics had changed. During 18 years of successful collaboration FamilySearch digitized lots of collections and made them available online https://familysearch.org/search/collection/list/?page=1&countryId=1927132 However these records are only available at Family History Centers. Unlike any other country FamilySearch can only make them available like that because of the agreement terms. Since then FamilySearch desperately tried to get permission to made all the records available online for free. However Ukrderzharkhiv made it clear that it will not happen and they will not allow this.

In general Ukrainian archives struggle of poor state support and strong corruption. Putting documents online will drop illegal income for many archives officials and so they block it.

In 2003 Ukraine had lost one of the most valuable collections of Ukrainian Podilia 1795-1900 during the fire in Kamenets-Podilsky archive. In 2014 Ukraine had lost Crimea, Donestk and Luhansk archives.

Most of the present archives stored in old buildings without fundamental storage facilities. Some of the buildings do not even have heating in winter.

There were a number of rumors about stealing precious documents from state archives. Some of them were available on international auctions like ebay. Most notable cases were in Lviv and Kharkiv archives. It's not clear of how many documents were stolen and absent at the moment.

History[edit]

  • 1921 - 1923 Main Archive Administration of the People's Commissariat of Education of the Ukrainian SSR
  • 1923 - 1938 Central Archive Administration (Central Executive Committee of Ukraine)
  • 1938 - 1939 under direct jurisdiction of the Main Archive Administration of the People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs of the Soviet Union
  • 1939 - 1941 Archive department of the People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs of the Ukrainian SSR
  • 1941 - 1941 Archive Administration of the People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs of the Ukrainian SSR
  • 1941 - 1947 Administration of State Archives of the People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs of the Ukrainian SSR
    • 1941-1943 evacuation to the city of Zlatoust
  • 1947 - 1960 Administration of State Archives of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Ukrainian SSR
  • 1960 - 1974 Archive Administration of the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR
  • 1974 - 1992 Main Archive Administration of the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR
  • 1992 - 1999 Main Archive Administration of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine
  • 1999 - 1999 Main Archive Administration of Ukraine
  • 1999 - 2010 State Committee of Archives of Ukraine
  • 2010 - present State Archive Service of Ukraine

Leaders[edit]

  • 1948 - 1969 Semen Pilkevych
  • 1969 - 1988 Oleksandr Mityukov
  • 1988 - 1996 Borys Ivanenko
  • 1996 - 1998 N. Kystruska
  • 1998 - 2002 Ruslan Pyrih
  • 2002 - 2006 Hennadiy Boryak
  • 2006 - 2008 Olha Hinzburh
  • 2008 - 2009 Oleksandr Udod
  • 2009 - 2014 Olha Hinzburh
  • 2014 - 2017 Tetiana Baranova

See also[edit]

External links[edit]