National Arts Festival
|National Arts Festival|
|Location(s)||Makhanda (formerly Grahamstown)|
|Founded||13 July 1973|
|Attendance||209 677 |
|Patron(s)||Standard Bank, MNET, National Lotteries Commission, City Press, Department of Arts and Culture, Eastern Cape Government|
|Website||National Arts Festival|
The National Arts Festival (NAF) is an annual festival of performing arts in Makhanda (formerly Grahamstown), South Africa. It is the largest arts festival on the African continent and one of the largest performing arts festivals in the world by visitor numbers.
The festival runs for 11 days, from the last week of June to the first week of July every year. It takes place in the small university city of Makhanda (formerly Grahamstown), in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa.
The NAF comprises a Main programme and a Fringe festival, both administered by the National Arts Festival Office, a non-profit Section 21 Company. The Festival programme includes performing arts (theatre, dance, stand-up comedy and live music), visual art exhibitions, films, talks and workshops, a large food and craft fair and historical tours of the city. The NAF runs a children's arts festival over the same period and a number of other festivals take place in Grahamstown over the period of the NAF, such as the National Youth Jazz Festival.
Performances take place across the city in approximately 60 venues (such as theatres, churches, schools) as well as in various outdoor locations for the street performances.
The Festival attracts significant numbers of local and international visitors and is one of the biggest contributors to the economy of the region.
Makhanda has been associated with carnivals and festivals for more than 180 years as British immigrants established the tradition of celebrating landmark anniversaries on a grand scale. When a movement gained ground last century to erect a memorial to these pioneers it was agreed that it should be a "living" monument presenting festivals, conferences and other gatherings.
An Inaugural Festival was held in 1974 when the 1820 Settlers National Monument was officially opened, with the exception of 1975, a festival has been organised every year since then.
The main programme
A committee of curators in the various disciplines selects the content of the main programme. The planning process takes into account what is available locally and from outside South Africa. Three considerations that influence decisions are the artistic merits of any submission, the creation of a varied and balanced programme, and the costs involved. The Committee strives for excellence in all aspects of the programme, an approach that has assisted in bringing in sponsorship money for world class shows from a number of foreign governments and large multinational corporations.
Today, the Fringe is on an equal footing with the Main Festival. Seasoned performers and famous directors can just as easily be found on either programme, and a slot on the main programme one year does not preclude a return to the Fringe the next. The distinguishing feature of the Fringe is that it is open to all and exempt from the selection process that applies to the main programme. Fringe participants are responsible for their own costs and 85% of their box office sales accrue to them directly. They are liable for certain payments for venue hire and registration fees.
A number of subsidiary festivals take place as part of the National Arts Festival:
- Think Fest
- National Youth Jazz Festival
- Fingo Festival
- Creativate Digital Arts Festival
- National Schools Festival
Young Artist Awards
The Young Artist Awards, sponsored by Standard Bank, are presented by the National Arts Festival Artistic Committee to emerging, relatively young South African artists who have demonstrated exceptional ability in their chosen fields but who have not yet achieved national exposure and acclaim.
Festival Committee members, fellow artists and interested members of the public, nominate artists. The NAF Committee, a group of experts in the various arts disciplines, decides on the final recipients.
Designed to encourage the recipients in the pursuit of their careers, a key aspect of the awards is that they guarantee the artists a place on the main programme of the forthcoming National Arts Festival. Apart from a cash prize, each of the winners receive substantial financial backing for their Festival participation whether this involves the mounting of an exhibition or the staging of a production.
A maximum of five awards are made annually in any one of the disciplines of drama, music, jazz, visual art, dance and film. Since the inception of the awards in 1981 more than 150 awards have been presented plus five special awards to artists in recognition of their contribution to the National Arts Festival and the arts of South Africa. A complete list of previous winners is as follows:
|2020||Nthato Mokgata||Jefferson Tshabalala||Lulu Prudence Mlangeni||Sisonke Xonti||Blessing Ngobeni||–|
|2019||Megan-Geoffrey Prins||Amy Jephta||Kitty Phetla||Mandla Mlangeni||Gabrielle Goliath||–|
|2018||Guy Buttery||Jemma Kahn||Musa Hlatshwayo||Thandi Ntuli||Igshaan Adams||Chuma Sopotela (Performance Art)|
|2017||Abel Selaocoe||Monageng 'Vice' Motshabi||Thandazile Radebe||Benjamin Jephta||Beth Armstrong||Dineo Bopape (Performance Art)|
|2016||Avigail Bushakevitz||Jade Bowers||Themba Mbuli||Siya Makuzeni||Mohau Modisakeng||–|
|2015||Musa Ngqunqwana||Christiaan Olwagen||Luyanda Sibiya||Nduduzo Makhathini||Kemang Wa Lehurele||Athi Patra Ruga (Performance Art)|
|2014||Njabulo Madlala||Greg Homann||Nicola Elliott||Kyle Shepherd||Hasan & Husain Essop||Jahmil XT Qubeka (Film) |
Donna Kukama (Performance Art)
|2013||Runette Botha||Prince Lamla||Fana Tshabalala||Shane Cooper||Mary Sibande||Anthea Moys (Performance Art)|
|2012||Kelebogile Boikanyo||Princess Mhlongo||Bailey Snyman||Afrika Mkhize||Mikhael Subotzky||–|
|2011||Ben Schoeman||Neil Coppen||Mamela Nyamza||Bokani Dyer||Nandipha Mntambo||–|
|2010||Samson Diamond||Janni Younge||Mlu Zondi||Melanie Scholtz||Michael MacGarry||Claire Angelique (Film)|
|2009||Jacques Imbrailo||Ntshieng Mokgoro||Thabo Rapoo||Kesivan Naidoo||Nicholas Hlobo||–|
|2008||Zanne Stapelberg||Jaco Bouwer||Dada Masilo||Mark Fransman||Nontsikelelo Veleko||–|
|2007||Bronwen Forbay||–||Acty Tang||Shannon Mowday||Pieter Hugo||Akin Omotoso (Film)|
|2006||–||Sylvaine Strike||Hlengiwe Lushaba||Concord Nkabinde||Churchill Madikida||–|
|2005||Andile Yenana||Mpumelelo Paul Grootboom||Peter John Sabbagha||–||Wim Botha||Ramolao Makhene (Standard Bank Special Award for the invaluable contribution to and significant achievement in Theatre – posthumous award)|
|2004||Tutu Puoane||Mncedisi Baldwin Shabangu||Portia Lebogang Mashigo||–||Kathryn Smith||Moses Taiwa Molelekwa (Standard Bank Special Award for the invaluable contribution to and significant achievement in Music – posthumous award)|
|2003||Angela Gilbert||Yael Farber||Moya Michael||–||Berni Searle||Dumisani Phakhati (Film)|
|2002||Prince Kupi||Sello Maake Ka-Ncube||Gregory Vuyani Maqoma||–||Brett Murray||–|
|2001||Fikile Mvinjelwa||Brett Bailey||Tracey Human||–||Walter Oltmann||–|
|2000||Gloria Bosman||Zenzi Mbuli||–||–||Alan Alborough||–|
|1998||Bongani Ndodana-Breen||Aubrey Sekhabi||David Mudanalo Matamela and Debbie Rakusin||–||Nhlanhla Xaba||–|
|1997||Sibongile Mngoma (Opera)||Geoffrey Hyland||–||–||Lien Botha||Alfred Hinkel (Standard Bank Special Award for invaluable contribution to and significant achievement in Dance)|
|1996||Victor Masondo||Lara Foot Newton||Vincent Mantsoe||–||Trevor Makhoba||–|
|1995||Abel Motsoadi||John Ledwaba||Boyzie Cekwana||–||Jane Alexander||–|
|1994||Michael Williams (Opera)||Jerry Mofokeng||–||–||Sam Nhlengethwa||–|
|1993||Sibongile Khumalo||–||Christopher Kindo||–||Pippa Skotnes||–|
|1992||Raphael Vilakazi||Deon Opperman||–||–||Tommy Motswai||Kevin Harris (Film)|
|1991||–||Peter Ngwenya||–||–||Andries Botha||Darrell Roodt (Film)|
|1990||–||–||Robyn Orlin||–||Fée Halsted-Berning and Bonnie Ntshalintshali||–|
|1989||Johnny Clegg||Marthinus Basson||Gary Gordon||–||Helen Sebidi||Pieter-Dirk Uys (Drama) (1820 Foundation Special Award)|
|1988||–||Mbongeni Ngema||–||–||Margaret Vorster||–|
|1987||Hans Roosenschoon||–||–||–||William Kentridge||–|
|1986||–||Andrew Buckland||–||–||Gavin Younge||–|
|1985||Sidwill Hartman||Maishe Maponya||–||–||Marion Arnold||–|
|1984||–||Ken Leach||–||–||Peter Schütz||Lamar Crowson (Music) (Standard Bank / 1820 Foundation 10th Anniversary Special Award)|
|1983||David Kosviner||Paul Slabolepszy||–||–||Malcolm Payne||–|
|1982||–||Janice Honeyman||Lindy Raizenberg (Ballet)||–||Neil Rodger||–|
|1981||John Theodore||Richard E Grant||–||–||Jules van de Vijver||–|
In 2010, the National Arts Festival launched a new set of awards for Fringe productions – the Standard Bank Ovation Awards. These awards recognise excellence on the Fringe, and aim to seek out those productions that are innovative, original and creatively outstanding. At the end of the Festival, Gold and Silver awards are selected from the list of winners, rewarding the best productions in the categories theatre, dance, comedy, music.
Recipients of the Standard Bank Ovation Awards benefit from the recognition provided by the acknowledgement, with companies or artists often being offered extended tours, international opportunities to perform, increased opportunities for funding, and an invitation to submit a proposal for the following year's Arena programme. Artists who win Gold and Silver awards receive modest monetary incentives.
Since the Featured Artist Programme was launched in 2012, the National Arts Festival has celebrated and showcased established artists who have built up a substantial body of work that has contributed to South Africa’s national discourse on race, class or gender in a significant way.
Recipients of this award are:
- 2019: Bernie Searle, visual artist
- 2018: Mamela Nyamza, dancer and choreographer 
- 2017: Neo Muyanga, musician and composer
- 2016: Lara Foot, playwright and director
- 2015: Satire (The genre was chosen as the programme centrepiece)
- 2014: Sylvaine Strike, actor and director
- 2013: Mike van Graan, playwright and director
Growth and development
The NAF has grown since its inception. In 1974 there were 64 events on the main programme. (Events refer to productions, exhibitions, workshops, lectures, tours and so forth. A drama or dance production is counted as a single event irrespective of how many times it may be performed.) The Fringe started in 1979 with 10 events. As of 2010 the National Arts Festival comprises more than 350 events with over 1,200 performances.
The Village Green craft fair was introduced in 1989 with approximately 90 stalls. Now it attracts close to 1,000 stallholders. The fair offers visitors the chance to buy an array of goods, from pure wool sweaters to handcrafted beadwork, and there are stalls offering a various exotic foods. In addition, there are Craft Villages at Fiddlers Green and on Church Square.
The National Arts Festival claims to be a socially responsible festival, this however, has been contested.
The Hands On! Masks Off! programme focuses on strengthening the entrepreneurial skills of the arts community by bringing together arts entrepreneurs to share skills and knowledge with a new generation of arts managers.
In 2010 the Remix Laboratory saw a 120 community-based artists from around the country participate in a residency programme during the NAF. The scholars attended workshops, seminars, performances and visits to galleries while being mentored in arts practice and arts appreciation.
The Art Factory teaches local marginalised and vulnerable youth performance skills such as juggling and acrobatics and combines this with a strategic focus on building the life skills and confidence of the youth. The Art Factory functions as a year-round project in Grahamstown.
As part of the ArtsReach Programme the National Arts Festival takes the arts to hospitals, clinics, old age homes and rural areas. A number of artists on the Fringe volunteer their performances for the ArtsReach programme during the NAF.
The Arts Encounter Project distributes a number of tickets to indigent individuals to enable them to enjoy productions from the NAF's main and fringe programmes.
The National Arts Festival publishes a printed booking kit or programme every year, which includes artistic and schedule information about the shows as well as tips on how to book tickets, getting to Grahamstown and where to stay. A full PDF of the programme is available online via the NAF's website at www.nationalartsfestival.co.za.
A computerised booking system was introduced in 1989. In 1997, for the first time in the history of South African theatre, the National Arts Festival introduced internet bookings. The NAF website, which was launched in 1994, acts as an online registration vehicle for artists in the build-up to the Festival, and as a ticket booking hub for the Festival. A free-to-download mobile app has also been developed, which allows visitors to browse shows and book tickets.
Former radio presenter and sponsorship manager Tony Lankester served as CEO for over a decade, stepping down in 2019 to take up a position in the UK. During Lankester's tenure, respected arts administrator Ismail Mahomed served as Artistic Director until 2016. Mahomed was responsible for overseeing the curation of the NAF's artistic content. He was replaced by playwright and arts administrator Ashraf Johaardien, who left at the end of 2018.
During the Festival, the staff complement grows to around 400, including technical staff, largely drawn from the local community of MMakhanda/Grahamstown.
The National Arts Festival is a member of the World Fringe Alliance, a grouping of 10 Fringe Festivals from different countries. It is also a member of the African Festival Network (AFRIFESTNET). CEO Tony Lankester is chairman and Treasurer of the two organisations respectively. The NAF embarks on numerous partnerships with foreign embassies and presenting institutions, staging several high-profile international works each year.
Notes and references
- "National Arts Festival reports positive results for 2018 Festival". 2 August 2018. Retrieved 9 May 2019.
- "Grahamstown Festival – MSN Encarta". Archived from the original on 24 August 2005. Retrieved 26 September 2009.
- "World Fringe Alliance". Retrieved 15 June 2017.
- Ben Fogel (13 July 2012). "A Festival of Resistance". Mahala. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
- Antrobus, Geoff. "National Arts Festival Drives the Economy of Grahamstown". Media Update. Retrieved 15 June 2017.
- "Think!Fest". Think!Fest. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
- "Spiritfest – Cathedral of St Michael and St George". www.grahamstowncathedral.org. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
- "Rhodes University-Where Leaders Learn".
- "Young Artist Award History". Archived from the original on 29 October 2014. Retrieved 28 October 2014.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- "The 5 artists changing the face of the creative industry".
- "Meet the 2019 Standard Bank Young Artist Award winners".
- "Everything you need to know about Standard Bank Young Artist Awards 2018 winners". 2 November 2017.
- "The 2016 Standard Bank Young Artist Awards winners have been announced". mediaupdate.co.za. 29 October 2015. Retrieved 16 March 2016.
- BWW News Desk (11 July 2017). "2017 National Arts Festival Honours Winners of Standard Bank Ovation Awards" (Press release). Retrieved 15 November 2017 – via BroadwayWorld.
- "Mamela Nyanza First Choreographer To Be Named NAF Featured Artist", http://www.huffingtonpost.co.za/2018/01/10/mamela-nyanza-first-choreographer-to-be-named-naf-featured-artist_a_23329703/
- "National Arts Festival reports attendance of almost 186 000" (Press release). 6 July 2010. Retrieved 6 September 2014 – via Grocott's Mail.
- A Festival of Resistance, Mahala, Ben Fogel 13 July 2012
- "National Arts Festival sets social responsibility trends". Grocott's Mail. 14 June 2010. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
- "National Arts Festival CEO steps down". Channel24.com. 11 July 2019. Retrieved 5 November 2019.
- "New Arts Fest director is up for the challenge". DispatchLive. 3 October 2019. Retrieved 5 November 2019.
- "National Arts Festival CEO Tony Lankester steps down after 12 years". TimesLive. 12 July 2019. Retrieved 5 November 2019.
- "Ashraf Johaardien Named as New National Arts Festival Executive Producer". BroadwayWorld.com. 14 July 2016. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
- "World Fringe Alliance". Artsmart – arts news from kwazulu-natal. 7 October 2011. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
- "AFRIFESTNET Now Launched". AfricAvenir International. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
- Snowball, J. D.; Willis, K. G. (2006). "Estimating the Marginal Utility of Different Sections of an Arts Festival: the Case of Visitors to the South African National Arts Festival". Leisure Studies. 25 (1): 43–56. doi:10.1080/0261436052000330410. ISSN 0261-4367.
- Snowball, J.D.; Webb, A.C.M. (2008). "Breaking into the conversation: cultural value and the role of the South African National Arts Festival from apartheid to democracy". International Journal of Cultural Policy. 14 (2): 149–164. doi:10.1080/10286630802106326. ISSN 1028-6632.
- Kenneth W. Grundy (July 1994). "The Politics of South Africa's National Arts Festival: Small Engagements in the Bigger Campaign". African Affairs. 93 (372): 387–409. doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.afraf.a098726. JSTOR 723369.
- Verweij, P. (2009). "Making Convergence Work in the Newsroom: A Case Study of Convergence of Print, Radio, Television and Online Newsrooms at the African Media Matrix in South Africa During the National Arts Festival". Convergence: The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies. 15 (1): 75–87. doi:10.1177/1354856508097020. ISSN 1354-8565.
- Willis, K. G.; Snowball, J. D. (2009). "Investigating how the attributes of live theatre productions influence consumption choices using conjoint analysis: the example of the National Arts Festival, South Africa". Journal of Cultural Economics. 33 (3): 167–183. doi:10.1007/s10824-009-9097-z. ISSN 0885-2545.
- Snowball, J.D.; Willis, K.G. (2006). "Building Cultural Capital: Transforming the South African National Arts Festival". The South African Journal of Economics. 74 (1): 20–33. doi:10.1111/j.1813-6982.2006.00046.x. ISSN 0038-2280.
- Saayman, Melville; Rossouw, Riaan (2011). "The significance of festivals to regional economies: measuring the economic value of the Grahamstown National Arts Festival in South Africa". Tourism Economics. 17 (3): 603–624. doi:10.5367/te.2011.0049. ISSN 1354-8166.
- M Kruger; M Saayman; SM Ellis (2010). "Does loyalty pay? First-time versus repeat visitors at a national arts festival". Southern African Business Review. 14 (1). Retrieved 6 September 2014.
- Saayman, Melville; Saayman, Andrea (2006). "Does the location of arts festivals matter for the economic impact?". Papers in Regional Science. 85 (4): 569–584. doi:10.1111/j.1435-5957.2006.00094.x. ISSN 1056-8190.
- Snowball, J. D. (2005). "Art for the Masses? Justification for the Public Support of the Arts in Developing Countries – Two Arts Festivals in South Africa". Journal of Cultural Economics. 29 (2): 107–125. doi:10.1007/s10824-005-5064-5. ISSN 0885-2545.
- Snowball, J.D.; Antrobus, G.G. (2005). "Valuing the Arts". South African Journal of Economics. 70 (8): 1297–1319. doi:10.1111/j.1813-6982.2002.tb00067.x. ISSN 0038-2280.
- Snowball, J.D. (2005). "Interpreting Economic Impact Study Results: Spending Patterns, Visitor Numbers and Festival Aims". South African Journal of Economics. 72 (5): 1076–1084. doi:10.1111/j.1813-6982.2004.tb00146.x. ISSN 0038-2280.
- Bain, Keith (1998). "Make Believe: Standard Bank National Arts Festival Grahamstown, 2–12 July 1998". South African Theatre Journal. 12 (1–2): 137–164. doi:10.1080/10137548.1998.9687669. ISSN 1013-7548.
- van der Vyver, Abraham G.; du Plooy-Cilliers, Franzél (2006). "The social dynamics of arts festivals: A comparative analysis of the KKNK and the Grahamstown National Arts Festival". South African Theatre Journal. 20 (1): 192–203. doi:10.1080/10137548.2006.9687832. ISSN 1013-7548.
- Kitshoff, Herman (2004). "Grahamstown National Arts Festival—Grahamstown, 1–10 July 2004". South African Theatre Journal. 18 (1): 246–249. doi:10.1080/10137548.2004.9687791. ISSN 1013-7548.
- Lewis, Megan (1998). "Standard Bank National Arts Festival, Grahamstown, South Africa, 3–13 July 1997 (review)". Theatre Journal. 50 (1): 105–107. doi:10.1353/tj.1998.0018. ISSN 1086-332X.
- Neethling, Miemie (2011). "To fund or not to fund". South African Theatre Journal. 14 (1): 202–217. doi:10.1080/10137548.2000.9687710. ISSN 1013-7548.