National Assembly (Bhutan)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Coordinates: 27°29′23.2″N 89°38′17.5″E / 27.489778°N 89.638194°E / 27.489778; 89.638194

National Assembly
གི་རྒྱལ་ཡོངས་ཚོགས་འདུ་
Gyelyong Tshogdu
Type
Type
Leadership
Speaker of the National Assembly
Jigme Zangpo, PDP
Since 02 August 2013
Structure
Seats 47
Bhutanese National Assembly election, 2018.svg
Political groups

Government (30)

  •      DNT (30)

Opposition (17)

  •      DPT (17)
Elections
Round 1: Party-only first-past-the-post
Round 2: Two-party first-past-the-post
Last election
15 September 2018 and 18 October 2018
Meeting place
Gyelyong Tshokhang, Thimphu
Website
Official Website of the National Assembly of Bhutan
Emblem of Bhutan.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Bhutan

The National Assembly is the elected lower house of Bhutan's new bicameral Parliament which also comprises the Druk Gyalpo (Dragon King) and the National Council. It is the more powerful house.

Current National Assembly[edit]

The current National Assembly has 47 members, the first of which were elected in the first ever general elections on March 24, 2008. Jigme Thinley's Druk Phuensum Tshogpa (DPT) Party won a landslide victory, securing 45 seats. The People's Democratic Party (PDP) won the other two,[1] but its leader Sangay Ngedup lost the election in his constituency.[2]

Under the 2008 Constitution, the National Assembly consists of a maximum of 55 members directly elected by the citizens of constituencies within each Dzongkhag (District).[3] (Art. 12) Under this single-winner voting system, each constituency is represented by a single National Assembly member; each of the 20 Dzongkhags must be represented by between 2–7 members. Constituencies are reapportioned every 10 years.[3] (Art. 12, §§ 1–2) The National Assembly meets at least twice a year, and elects a Speaker and Deputy Speaker from among its members. Members and candidates are allowed to hold political party affiliation.

The 2013 National Assembly election resulted in a large swing to the PDP, who will hold 32 seats to the DPT's 15 when the new assembly convenes.[4]

History[edit]

The National Assembly was originally decreed in 1953 by King Jigme Dorji Wangchuck. The National Assembly began as a unicameral parliament within the King's framework for democratization. In 1971, King Jigme Dorji empowered the National Assembly to remove him or any of his successors with a two-thirds majority. The procedure for abdication remains a part of Bhutan's Constitution of 2008, with the addition of a three-fourth majority in a joint sitting of Parliament (i.e., including the National Council) to confirm the involuntary abdication as well as a national referendum to finalize it.[3] (Art. 2)

Electoral system[edit]

The 47 members of the National Assembly are elected from single-member constituencies. Primary elections are held in which voters cast votes for parties. The top two parties are then able to field candidates in the main round of voting, in which members are elected using first-past-the-post voting.[5]

Constituencies[edit]

The 47 constituencies of the National Assembly of Bhutan were:

District Constituencies
Bumthang Chhoekhor-Tang
Chhume-Ura
Chhukha Phuentsholing
Bongo-Chapcha
Dagana Druzeygang-Tseza
Lhamoy Zingkha-Trashiding
Gasa Goenkhatoe-Laya
Goenkhamey-Lunana
Haa Bji-Katsho-Uesu
Sombaykha
Lhuentse Gangzur-Minjay
Menbi-Tshenkhar
Mongar Mongar
Dremitse-Ngatshang
Kengkhar-Weringla
Paro Lamgong-Wangchang
Doga-Shaba
Pema Gatshel Nganglam
Khar-Yurung
Nanong-Shumar
Punakha Lingmukha-Toewang
Kabji-Talo
Samdrup Jongkhar Deothang-Gomdar
Jomotshangkha-Martshala
Samtse Pagli-Samtse
Sipsu
Dorokha-Tading
Ugentse-Yoeseltse
Sarpang Shompangkha
Gelephu
Thimphu North Thimphu Throm-Kawang-Lingshi-Naro-Soe
South Thimphu Throm-Chang-Dagala-Genye-Mewang
Trashigang Radhi-Sakteng
Bartsham-Shongphu
Thrimshing Kanglung
Kanglung-Samkhar-Uzorong
Wamrong
Trashi Yangtse Bumdeling-Jamkhar
Khamdang-Ramjar
Trongsa Nubi-Tangsibji
Drakteng-Langthel
Tsirang Pataley-Tsirangtoe
Kikhorthang-Mendrelgang
Wangdue Phodrang Nyisho-Sephu
Athang-Thedtsho
Zhemgang Bardo-Trong
Panbang

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Majumdar, Bappa (March 27, 2008). "CORRECTED: Bhutan corrects poll results, opposition shrinks". Reuters. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
  2. ^ "Bhutan votes for status quo", France 24, March 24, 2008
  3. ^ a b c "Constitution of the Kingdom of Bhutan (English)" (PDF). Government of Bhutan. 2008-07-18. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-06. Retrieved 2010-10-13.
  4. ^ "Bhutan's Election Commission completes polls process, hands over MP list to King". DNA India. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  5. ^ Electoral system IPU

External links[edit]