The National Assembly is the parliament of Guyana. The National Assembly has a total of sixty five (65) members elected using the system of proportional representation. Twenty five are elected from the ten (10) geographical constituencies and forty (40) are awarded at the national level on the basis of block votes secured, using the LR-Hare Formula as prescribed by the elections Laws (Amendment) Act 15 of 2000 (Sections 11 and 12).
Hari Narayen Ramkarran was elected as Speaker of the National Assembly of Guyana in 2001, re-elected on September 28, 2006. The life of the Ninth Parliament came to an end in September 2011 before the holding of the 2011 General Elections.
The Tenth Parliament of Guyana is now sitting. The first sitting of the Tenth Parliament was held on January 12, 2012 at 2:00 pm following a Proclamation to that effect from His Excellency President Donald Ramotar. The first sitting of the Tenth Parliament was dedicated towards the election of the Speaker and Deputy Speaker, and the administering of the Oath of Office to the MPs. The President therefore did not address the National Assembly, and the ceremonial opening of the Tenth Parliament took place at a subsequent sitting. Mr. Raphael Trotman of the AFC was elected Speaker of the House, while Mrs. Deborah Backer of APNU was elected Deputy Speaker of the House with MPs voting along Party lines.