National Assembly of Zimbabwe

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National Assembly of Zimbabwe

15 other official names[1]
  • Shona:Dare reVanodzika Mitemo yeNyika
    Ndebele:Indlu Yabameli
    Chewa:Nyumba Ya Malamulo
    Chibarwe:Boka Rawanaikha Mitemo Yadziko
    Kalanga:Lubahhe gwebaMilili beMitunhu muPhalamente
    Koisan:Ha Ndjuu Tcuan Ana Kua Kui E
    Nambya:Igota Lyabamilili
    Ndau:Bandhla Revanoemese Mirawu Yenyika
    Shangani:Nhlengeletano ya Rixaka
    Sesotho:Sehlopano Sa Sechaba
    Tonga:Ng’anda Yaansi Yamilawu
    Tswana:Batsenelela Phuthego Ya Setshaba
    Venda:Guvhangano ḽa Lushaka
    Xhosa:Inkundla Yesizwe
10th Parliament of Zimbabwe
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Term limits
None
History
Founded18 April 1980 (1980-04-18)
Preceded byParliament of Rhodesia
New session started
4 September 2023[a]
Leadership
Jacob Mudenda, ZANU-PF
since 22 August 2013
Deputy Speaker
Kennedy Mugove Chokuda
Structure
Seats280
Political groups
Government (192)
  ZANU-PF (192)
Opposition (87)
  CCC (87)
Vacant seats (1)
  Vacant (1)
Presiding officer (1)
  Speaker (1)
Length of term
Five years
Elections
Parallel voting
Last election
23 August 2023
Next election
No later than 5 August 2028
RedistrictingZimbabwe Electoral Commission, in consultation with the President and Parliament
Meeting place
National Assembly Chamber
Parliament House
Harare
Zimbabwe
National Assembly Chamber
New Zimbabwe Parliament Building
Mount Hampden
Zimbabwe
Website
parlzim.gov.zw

The National Assembly of Zimbabwe, previously the House of Assembly until 2013, is the lower house of the Parliament of Zimbabwe. It was established upon Zimbabwe's independence in 1980 as one of two chambers of parliament. Between the abolition of the Senate in 1989 and its reestablishment in 2005, the House of Assembly was the sole chamber of parliament.

Since the 2023 election, the National Assembly has had 280 members. Of these, 210 are elected in single-member constituencies. 60 seats are reserved for women, and are elected by proportional representation in 10 six-seat constituencies based on the country's provinces. The last 10 seats are reserved for youth and are also elected through proportional representation in 10 one-seat constituencies based on the provinces as well.[2]

Jacob Mudenda has been Speaker of the National Assembly since September 2013.

History

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Under the 1980 Constitution, 20 of the 100 seats in the House of Assembly were reserved for the country's white minority, although whites and other ethnic minorities made up only 5% of the population at the time. These seats were abolished by constitutional amendment in 1987.[3]

This size of 100 seats was used for two elections, the 1980 election held immediately before independence and the 1985 election. The 1990 election was the first election after the abolition of the white-reserved seats, and also expanded the House of Assembly to 120 seats, a size which was retained for the 1995 and 2000 elections.

With the 2005 election, the House of Assembly was expanded to 150 members. 120 members were directly elected in single member constituencies using the plurality (or first-past-the-post) system. The President appointed twelve additional members and eight provincial governors who held reserved seats in the House. The remaining ten seats were held by traditional chiefs who were chosen by their peers. All members served five-year terms.

Following the 2008 election, the House of Assembly was expanded to 210 seats and composed entirely of elected representatives.[4] The appointed and ex officio members were transferred to the Senate. The Seventh House of Assembly was opened on August 26, 2008. The additional system of 60 seats reserved for women was established for the 2013 election. An additional 10 seats - one for each Province - reserved for a youth quota was established for the 2023 election.

See also

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Notes

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  1. ^ Under the Constitution of Zimbabwe, a new term of Parliament begins on the day that the President-Elect is sworn in following a general election. Members themselves were sworn in on 7 September 2023 and the first session was opened on 3 October 2023.

References

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  1. ^ "Constitution of the Republic of Zimbabwe 2013, as amended to 2017". constitutions.unwomen.org. Retrieved 2022-11-26.
  2. ^ "Preliminary Statement: Zimbabwe Harmonised Elections 2023 – Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)". Retrieved 2023-11-07.
  3. ^ Zimbabwe Moves to Limit Whites' Role : Legislation Prepared to End a Guarantee of Parliament Seats, Los Angeles Times, June 24, 1987
  4. ^ Carole Gombakomba, "Zimbabwe's Mugabe Finalizes Constitutional Amendment On Elections"[permanent dead link], VOA News, November 1, 2007.