National Association of Evangelicals
|Headquarters||Washington, D.C., United States|
|40 Christian denominations, 45,000 churches|
The National Association of Evangelicals (NAE) is an association of evangelical denominations, organizations, schools, churches and individuals. The association represents more than 45,000 local churches from nearly 40 different denominations and serves a constituency of millions. The mission of the NAE is to honor God by connecting and representing evangelicals in the United States.
The NAE seeks to strengthen denominations and ministries – offering resources to inform and inspire evangelical leaders and facilitating collaboration among evangelical leaders and groups. The NAE also represents its membership's concerns to Congress, the White House and courts. The NAE Chaplains Commission endorses and supports chaplains in the military and other institutions. World Relief is the NAE's humanitarian arm.
The National Association of Evangelicals (NAE) was formed by a group of 147 people who met in St. Louis, Missouri on April 7–9, 1942. The Fundamentalist–Modernist Controversy and the related isolation of various evangelical denominations and leaders provided the impetus for developing such an organization.
Early leaders in the movement included Harold Ockenga, David Otis Fuller, Will Houghton, Harry A. Ironside, Bob Jones, Sr., Paul S. Rees, Leslie Roy Marston, John R. Rice, Charles Woodbridge, and J. Elwin Wright. Houghton called for a meeting in Chicago, Illinois in 1941. A committee was formed with Wright as chairman, and a national conference for United Action Among Evangelicals was called to meet in April 1942. Harold Ockenga was appointed the first president (1942–44).
Carl McIntire and Harvey Springer led in organizing the American Council of Christian Churches (now with 7 member bodies) in September 1941. It was a more militant and fundamentalist organization set up in opposition to the Federal Council of Churches (now National Council of Churches with 36 member bodies). McIntire invited the Evangelicals for United Action to join with them, but those who met in St. Louis declined the offer.
The tentative organization founded in 1942 was called the "National Association of Evangelicals for United Action". In 1943 the proposed constitution and doctrinal statement were amended and adopted, and the name shortened to the "National Association of Evangelicals".
By the 1950s, NAE's Washington, D.C., office gained a reputation as a service organization that could get things done. President Eisenhower welcomed an NAE delegation to the White House – a first-time honor for the association.
The NAE filed an amicus brief at the Supreme Court in 1982 in Bob Jones University v. United States and Goldsboro Christian Schools v. United States. Federal regulations had denied tax-exempt status to private schools and universities that discriminate on the basis of race, and the NAE unsuccessfully urged the court to overturn those regulations.
At the NAE's 1983 conference in Orlando, Florida, NAE President Rev. Arthur Evans Gay, Jr. introduced President Ronald Reagan for what was to become known as his "Evil Empire" speech. The 50th anniversary of the organization was celebrated in 1992 at the annual March Convention at the Chicago Hyatt Hotel. President George H. W. Bush spoke to the World Relief annual luncheon at the invitation of the organization's president Arthur Gay, making Bush the third President to address the NAE. During the convention Billy Graham spoke for the last time at an NAE gathering, calling on evangelicals to a renewed commitment to spread the gospel.
In a move signaling its primary focus, the NAE changed its annual convention venue from hotels and convention centers to churches. In 2003, the first church-hosted convention was held at Wooddale Church in Eden Prairie, Minnesota. President George W. Bush, running for reelection in 2004, visited the NAE convention at New Life Church in Colorado Springs, Colo., via satellite link and told the delegates, "You cannot endorse me, but I endorse you." In 2004, the NAE adopted "For the Health of the Nation: An Evangelical Call to Civic Responsibility" document as its framework for engagement in political action.
Leith Anderson served as interim president twice before he was named president in October 2007. During Anderson’s presidency, the NAE stabilized and grew with expanded membership, significant grant funding and many new staff and programs, including an annual retreat of denomination leaders, NAE Talk consultations, Evangelical Leaders Survey, Evangelicals magazine, Today’s Conversation podcast, and documents and publications including “Code of Ethics for Pastors,” “When God and Science Meet,” “Theology of Sex,” and “For the Health of the Nation” (revised), among others. As NAE president, Anderson regularly taught in seminaries, addressed evangelical concerns with elected officials, counseled denominational executives, and provided theological and cultural commentary to leading news outlets.
Walter Kim was elected NAE president at the October 2019 board meeting to begin his role in January 2020. Other leadership elections were made at that board meeting including John Jenkins, senior pastor of First Baptist Church of Glenarden, to the office of chair of the NAE board; and Jo Anne Lyon, general superintendent emerita and ambassador of The Wesleyan Church, to the office of vice chair.
National Religious Broadcasters
In 1944, the NAE formed the National Religious Broadcasters (NRB) at its convention in Columbus, Ohio. NRB was the first of many related service agencies NAE would charter with a particular purpose in mind. Following the lead of CBS and NBC, the Mutual Radio Network had announced it would no longer sell time for religious broadcasting and turned the Protestant broadcasting slot over to the Federal Council of Churches. NRB, after holding its own constitutional convention later that year, responded to the challenge, eventually persuading the networks to reverse their policies. NRB is now a separate organization.
Evangelical Chaplains Commission
In addition to NRB, NAE created the Chaplains Commission in 1944 to assist evangelical chaplains in the military. The NAE Chaplains Commission continues to provide support and endorsement for evangelicals to minister as chaplains to three branches of the military and the Department of Veterans Affairs. Free exercise and expression of faith in U.S. military institutions is a primary cause that the Chaplains Commission supports. The commission also supports institutional chaplains who serve in hospitals, prisons, workplaces and other areas of ministry.
The War Relief Commission was formed in 1944 to address the needs of war-torn Europe. The War Relief Commission sent clothing and food to victims of World War II. After the war, the War Relief Commission expanded its outreach beyond war relief, and its name changed to World Relief. As the humanitarian arm of the NAE, World Relief offers assistance to victims of poverty, disease, hunger, war, disasters and persecution. The organization has offices worldwide. It is supported by churches and individual donors, as well as through United States Government grants from USAID and other agencies. World Relief's core programs focus on microfinance, AIDS prevention and care, maternal and child health, child development, agricultural training, disaster response, refugee resettlement and immigrant services.
In 1945, NAE created the Evangelical Foreign Missions Association (later called the Evangelical Fellowship of Mission Agencies, then The Mission Exchange, and now Missio Nexus). It was chartered to handle the special needs of missionaries and their agencies and is the largest missionary association in the world. Missio Nexus now operates independently of the NAE, though it is a member of the NAE.
New International Version
An NAE initiative in the 1950s with long-range consequences was the formation of a committee in 1957 to explore the possibility of a new translation of the Bible. The National Council had five years earlier released the Revised Standard Version, but the new translation did not prove popular among many evangelicals. The NAE committee began meeting with a similar committee commissioned by the Christian Reformed Church in 1961. By 1965, the two committees formed the independent Committee on Bible Translation and two years later, the New York Bible Society (today the International Bible Society) became the official sponsor. In 1978, the first copies of the New International Version of the Bible came off the presses.
For the Health of the Nation
The Evangelical Project for Public Engagement was initiated at the 60th annual convention of the NAE in March 2001. The project team worked to articulate a framework for evangelical civic and political engagement for the 21st century under the direction of Richard Cizik, then-vice president of governmental affairs. The project generated a major volume edited by Diane Knippers and Ronald Sider and published by Baker Books titled "Toward an Evangelical Public Policy."
"For the Health of the Nation: An Evangelical Call to Civic Responsibility" calls evangelicals to address seven spheres of social involvement from a biblical framework and also provides specific principles of engagement. The NAE's political action is based on the document, which outlines seven different issues that are important to evangelicals, including religious freedom, family life and protection of children, sanctity of life, caring for the poor and vulnerable, human rights, peacemaking, and caring for creation.
While the underlying principles of the document have not changed, the NAE Board of Directors updated and adopted the revised version in 2018. New attention has been called to long-time social ills, including the broken immigration system, sexual harassment and abuse, human trafficking, racial injustice and white supremacy. Concern about these issues was implicit in the original document and is further elaborated in the updated edition, notably through the addition of a section on racial justice and reconciliation.
|Christian denominations in the United States|
The following Protestant church denominations were members as of 2017. Many Christian organizations and academic groups are also members.
- Advent Christian General Conference
- Assemblies of God USA (joined 1943)
- Brethren Church, The (joined 1968)
- Brethren in Christ Church (joined 1949)
- Christian and Missionary Alliance (joined 1966)
- Christian Reformed Church in North America (joined 1943–51; 1988)
- Christian Union (joined 1954)
- Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee) (joined 1944)
- Church of the Nazarene (joined 1984)
- Conservative Congregational Christian Conference (joined 1951)
- Converge Worldwide (previously Baptist General Conference) (joined 1966)
- ECO: A Covenant Order of Evangelical Presbyterians (joined 2015)
- Elim Fellowship (joined 1947)
- Evangelical Church, The (joined 1969)
- Evangelical Congregational Church (joined 1962)
- Evangelical Free Church of America (joined 1943)
- Evangelical Friends Church International (joined 1971)
- Evangelical Presbyterian Church (joined 1982)
- Every Nation Churches
- Fellowship of Evangelical Bible Churches (joined 1948)
- Fellowship of Evangelical Churches
- Foursquare Church, The (joined 1952)
- Free Methodist Church of North America (joined 1944)
- Grace Communion International (joined 1997 as Worldwide Church of God)
- Great Commission Churches (joined 2007)
- International Pentecostal Church of Christ (joined 1946)
- International Pentecostal Holiness Church (joined 1943)
- Missionary Church, Inc. (joined 1944)
- North American Baptist Conference
- Open Bible Church (joined 1943)
- Pentecostal Free Will Baptist Church (joined 1988)
- Presbyterian Church in America (joined 1986)
- Primitive Methodist Church USA (joined 1946)
- Royalhouse Chapel International (joined 2016)
- Salvation Army, The (joined 1990)
- Seventh Day Baptist General Conference of the USA & Canada (joined 2018)
- Transformation Ministries
- United Brethren in Christ (joined 1953)
- U.S. Conference of the Mennonite Brethren Churches (joined 1946)
- Vineyard USA, The
- Wesleyan Church, The (joined 1948)
Board Chair (called President until 1992)
- Harold Ockenga (1942–1944)
- Leslie Roy Marston (1944–46)
- Rutherford Decker (1946–48)
- Stephen W. Paine (1948–50)
- Frederick C. Fowler (1950–52)
- Paul S. Rees (1952–54)
- Henry H. Savage (1954–56)
- Paul P. Petticord (1956–58)
- Herbert S. Mekeel (1958–60)
- Thomas F. Zimmerman (1960–62)
- Robert A. Cook (1962–64)
- Jared F. Gerig (1964–66)
- Rufus Jones (1966–68)
- Arnold Olson (1968–70)
- Hudson T. Armerding (1970–72)
- Myron F. Boyd (1972–74)
- Paul E. Toms (1974–76)
- Nathan Bailey (1976–78)
- Carl H. Lundquist (1978–80)
- J. Floyd Williams (1980–82)
- Arthur Evans Gay, Jr. (1982–84)
- Robert W. McIntyre (1984–86)
- Ray H. Hughes (1986–88)
- John H. White (1988–90)
- B. Edgar Johnson (1990–92)
- Don Argue (1992–95)
- Leonard Hoffman (1995–98)
- Lamar Vest (1998–2000)
- Ed Foggs (2000–02)
- William Hamel (2002–06)
- L. Roy Taylor (2006–20)
- John K. Jenkins, Sr. (2020–present)
President (called “Executive Director” or “General Director” until 1992)
- J. Elwin Wright (1942–47)
- Rutherford L. Decker (1948–53)
- George L. Ford (1954–64)
- Clyde W. Taylor (1964–74)
- Arthur M. Climenhaga (1964–67)
- Billy A. Melvin (1967–95)
- Don Argue (1992–98)
- Kevin Mannoia (1999–2001)
- Leith Anderson (2002–03)
- Ted Haggard (2003–06)
- W. Todd Bassett (2007-2009)
- Leith Anderson (2009–19)
- Walter Kim (2020-present)
Statement of Faith (1943)
We believe the Bible to be the inspired, the only infallible, authoritative Word of God.
We believe that there is one God, eternally existent in three persons: Father, Son and Holy Spirit.
We believe in the deity of our Lord Jesus Christ, in His virgin birth, in His sinless life, in His miracles, in His vicarious and atoning death through His shed blood, in His bodily resurrection, in His ascension to the right hand of the Father, and in His personal return in power and glory.
We believe that for the salvation of lost and sinful people, regeneration by the Holy Spirit is absolutely essential.
We believe in the present ministry of the Holy Spirit by whose indwelling the Christian is enabled to live a godly life.
We believe in the resurrection of both the saved and the lost; they that are saved unto the resurrection of life and they that are lost unto the resurrection of damnation.
We believe in the spiritual unity of believers in our Lord Jesus Christ.
- "About NAE". National Association of Evangelicals. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
- "NAE Appoints Walter Kim as Next President". National Association of Evangelicals. 17 October 2019. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
- Randall Herbert Balmer, Encyclopedia of Evangelicalism: Revised and expanded edition, Baylor University Press, USA, 2004, p. 483
- Richard G. Kyle, Evangelicalism: An Americanized Christianity, Transaction Publishers, USA, 2006, p. 134
- Earle E. Cairns, Christianity Through the Centuries: A History of the Christian Church, Harper Collins, USA, 2009, p. 488
- Mark A. Noll. "Where We Are and How We Got Here". ChristianityToday.com.
- Mark A. Noll, A History of Christianity in the United States and Canada, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, USA, 1992, p. 438
- Frank J. Smith, Religion and Politics in America: An Encyclopedia of Church and State in American Life [2 volumes], ABC-CLIO, USA, 2016, p. 344
- Donald W. Dayton (25 November 2014). Rediscovering an Evangelical Heritage: A Tradition and Trajectory of Integrating Piety and Justice. Baker Publishing Group. p. 115. ISBN 978-1-4412-4643-1.
- The Company of the Preachers: Volume 2. Kregel Publications. pp. 836–. ISBN 978-0-8254-9434-5.
- "Bob Jones University v. United States". Findlaw.
- "The Battle of Evil Empire".
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-10-21. Retrieved 2009-11-10.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Edith Waldvogel Blumhofer, Restoring the Faith: The Assemblies of God, Pentecostalism, and American Culture, University of Illinois Press, USA, 1993, p. 192
- "Denominations". National Association of Evangelicals. Retrieved 2017-12-14.
- Harold Lindsell, Park Street Prophet: The Life of Harold John Ockenga (Wheaton: Van Kampen, 1951).
- George Marsden, Reforming Fundamentalism: Fuller Seminary and the New Evangelicalism (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 1987).
- James DeForest Murch, Cooperation without Compromise: A History of the National Association of Evangelicals (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 1956).
- Ronald J. Sider & Dianne Knippers, ed., Toward an Evangelical Public Policy (Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 2005).
- John G. Stackhouse, Jr., "The National Association of Evangelicals, the Evangelical Fellowship of Canada, and the Limits of Evangelical Cooperation," Christian Scholar's Review 25 (December 1995): 157–179.
- Sutton, Matthew Avery. American Apocalypse: A history of modern evangelicalism (2014)