National Ballet of China
The ballet company works from the Tianqiao Theater, this was specifically built for NBC in 1959, and it was renovated in 2001. This theater is one of a handful of such theaters in China that specialize in ballet and opera performances.
In 1954, the first ballet school in China, Beijing Dance School, was established, and in the following years ballets such as Swan Lake and Romeo and Juliet were performed. Later in 1959 the National Ballet of China was founded as the Experimental Ballet Company of the Beijing Dance School. Two persons made their mark on both the school and the company - Dai Ailian who was the principal of the school and one of the ballet company directors, and Pyotr Gusev who instituted the Russian training system that formed the technical foundation for the company.
During the Cultural Revolution, the company came under the control of Madame Mao and Dai Ailian was sidelined. In this period, Revolutionary Model dramas came to the fore, and the repertory of the company was eventually reduced to two sanctioned ballets - The Red Detachment of Women and The White Haired Girl. After the fall of the Gang of Four in 1976, Ailian returned as director until 1980 and then continued as artistic adviser. The ballet company began to reform and change direction with the classical Western ballets resurrected, and it also broadened its range to include more modern ballets from around the world. In 1994, Zhao Ruheng (赵汝蘅), who had been a company dancer since 1959, took over as its artistic director. In 2009, Feng Ying was appointed artistic director of the company.
The current director is Feng Ying (冯英), with Wang Quanxing (王全兴) as deputy, and Wang Caijun (王才军) the répétiteur. The company has its own orchestra, which is directed and conducted by Zhang Yi (张艺).
The company employs over 70 dancers. Many NBC dancers have won gold, silver and bronze medals at various international ballet competitions.
Principal dancers (2012-2013)
- Zhu Yan (朱妍)
- Zhang Jian (张剑)
- Wang Qimin (王启敏)
NBC has toured internationally and produced and performed many Chinese and Western ballets. According to its current director Feng Ying, there are three components in the repertoire of the company: Chinese ballets, 19th century Western classic, and 20th century ballet. They have also collaborated on contemporary dance pieces. Their repertoire includes:
- http://www.ballet.org.cn/en/jutuanjieshao.htm About NBC at the website of the National Ballet of China
- Richard Gunde (2001). Culture and Customs of China. Greenwood. pp. 108–109. ISBN 978-0313361180.
- Sanjoy Roy (11 August 2011). "Step-by-step guide to dance: National Ballet of China". The Guardian.
- Sarah Crompton (26 July 2008). "National Ballet of China: 'Our conductor killed himself in his lunch hour'". The Daily Telegraph.
- Kevin Ng (1 March 2009). "Feng Ying, Artistic Director, National Ballet of China". balletco.
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- "Dancers". National Ballet of China.
- Paul Kooperman, (11 August 2009 09:15), Melbourne: Reviews: Raise the Red Lantern by the National Ballet of China, Australian Stage
- Chen Jie (19 April 2011) ChinaDaily.com: The Stage Is Set (accessed 14 Aug 2011)