The National Baptist Convention of America, Inc. (NBCA) is an African-AmericanBaptist body organized in 1915 as the result of a struggle to keep the National Baptist Publishing Board of Nashville independent. Those supporting the independence of the publishing board, headed by Rev. R. H. Boyd, and rejecting a proposed new charter, incorporation, and ownership of the publishing board, withdrew from the National Baptist Convention, USA, Inc. to form the National Baptist Convention of America. In 2000, the NBCA had about 3.5 million members in more than 8000 churches. It is the third-largest African-American denomination in the United States after the National Baptist Convention, USA, Inc.