National Basketball League (England)
|Current season, competition or edition:|
2018-19 National Basketball League (England) season
|No. of teams||82|
|Country|| England |
|Level on pyramid||2-5|
|Domestic cup(s)||National Cup|
|Official website||Official website|
The National Basketball League, or NBL for short, is a league competition representing professional, semi-professional and amateur basketball clubs from England and Wales. It forms levels 2 to 5 on the British Basketball pyramid, in line with the Scottish Basketball Championship, sitting directly below the top tier British Basketball League.
The league has teams split across four levels:
- Division 1 (14 teams)
- Division 2 (12 teams)
- Division 3 North and South (20 teams)
- Division 4 North, Midlands, South East and South West (40-48 teams)
The league also runs the English Women's Basketball League, with Division 1 and Division 2 North and South, and a junior structure with over 450 junior clubs competing in Under-18s, Under-16s and Under-14s leagues.
There is no promotion and relegation between the National League and the British Basketball League (BBL), which operates a franchise system. Despite this, several teams have been successful in making the step up from the League to the BBL in recent years, most notably the Worcester Wolves, the Plymouth Raiders and the Bristol Flyers.
National Basketball League
- Each club plays the other teams in their division on a home-away basis. Two points are awarded for a win, zero points for a loss. The top 8 teams in NBL1 and NBL2 qualify for their respective Playoff series. The top 4 teams each from NBL3 North and NBL3 South qualify for their Playoff series, and the top 2 teams from each of the four NBL4 leagues qualify for their Playoff series. In NBL2 and NBL3, usually the top 2 teams after regular season play will be promoted to play in the higher league for the next season. For each of the NBL4 leagues, it is usually only the league champion who is promoted.
- The top eight teams in each division compete for the season's final showdown and last piece of silverware. The top four teams have home advantage against the lower placed sides in the quarter-final (1st v 8th, 2nd v 7th, 3rd v 6th & 4th v 5th). The Playoff Finals Weekend is conducted at a neutral venue, and brings together the Playoff finals for all Men's and Women's competitions. The Finals Weekend is now held at the National Basketball Performance Centre in Belle Vue, Manchester.
- The premier Cup competition in England and Wales, the National Cup is open to all NBL teams and played on a straight knockout format at club venues, with the final being held at a neutral venue. Until 2003, all British teams competed in this competition (including BBL teams).
- Also known as the NBL Trophy, this is the League Cup competition for Division 1 teams. The teams play a round-robin competition in groups of 3 or 4 teams. The top team in each group qualifies for the semi finals, after which there is a straight knockout competition to determine the winner.
- The Patrons' Cup is the League Cup for Division 2 teams, played on a similar basis to the NBL Trophy.
- Open to all clubs in Divisions 3 & 4 and run on a straight knock-out format with the final held at a neutral venue.
In 1960 a National Basketball League was introduced with nine members – Borehamwood Bullets, Watford Royals, Nottingham Dodgers, Aspley Old Boys (Nottingham), Birmingham Athletic Institute, Birmingham Dolobran, Doncaster Panthers, Manchester YMCA Comets, and Billingham Tech. However the London teams felt that competition was strong enough in their own London League so they shunned the new national competition. The two strongest teams in the country were Central YMCA and London Poly both from London and their omission had a detrimental effect on the standard of the National League.
A change of format in 1965-66 produced three sections, with a total of 16 teams, including two from Scotland; with a change of name to the British Basketball League known as the ‘Rosebowl’.
By 1972, the Scots had their own thriving National League, though also competing in the "Rose Bowl", but when a London team, Sutton, defeated Edinburgh’s Boroughmuir Barrs in the 1972 Final, the Basketball Association decided that it was time to relaunch the idea of an English National League.
In 1972 the National League truly took off. The first season comprised just six clubs, plucked from regional and district leagues around the country, and was run in effect as a trial league. The six teams consisted of London-based teams Avenue Leyton and Sutton, Sheffield YMCA Scorpions and Liverpool Bruno Roughcutters from the North, Midlands club Loughborough All-Stars and touring team RAF Fliers.
After several successful seasons, expansion was implemented to 10 teams, and 1975 saw the addition of Division 2. The 1978–79 season was the first to adopt the post-season playoff format, while a year later the National Trophy was created.
|Season||Division 1 Champions|
|1972–73||Avenue Leyton (1)|
|1973–74||Sutton & Crystal Palace (1)|
|1974–75||Islington Embassy All-Stars (1)|
|1975–76||Crystal Palace (2)|
|1976–77||Crystal Palace (3)|
|1977–78||Crystal Palace (4)|
|1978–79||Doncaster Panthers (1)|
|1979–80||Crystal Palace (5)|
|1980–81||Birmingham Team Fiat (1)|
|1981–82||Crystal Palace (6)|
|1982–83||Crystal Palace (7)|
|1983–84||Solent Stars (1)|
|1984–85||Kingston Kings (1)|
|1985–86||Sharp Manchester United (1)|
In 1987, there was a breakaway by the league's elite clubs looking to formulate a fully professional league in the United Kingdom. The new league, operated by a new body, British Basketball League, was established as the country's top and only fully professional basketball league. Initially, there was promotion and relegation between the BBL and the National League. The new league was sponsored by Carlsberg and was known as the Carlsberg League.
|Season||National League Champions|
|1987-88||Worthing Bears (1)|
|1988-89||Oldham Celtics (1)|
|1989-90||Oldham Celtics (2)|
|1992-93||Doncaster Panthers (2)|
In 1993, the NBL restructured once again after the top division reverted to the name BBL Championship. Because of this, the lower divisions were renamed and restructured to fit accordingly. From the 1993-94 British Basketball League season, Division 1 was renamed as the Budweiser Basketball League (BBL), thus having a domino effect where the previous Division 2 was rebranded as NBL Division 1 and Division 3 became Division 2, forming the bottom of the three-tiered National League structure.
That season also saw the last relegation between the top-two divisions (BBL and Division 1), as last-placed Oldham Celtics were demoted into the new Division 1 for 1994–95. Their replacements were Sheffield Forgers and Leopards, which signalled the start of the current 'buy-in' policy operated by the BBL, whereby teams can only buy a place in the league, operating a franchise system. 1997 saw the addition of Division 3 to the structure, welcoming new teams such as Reading Rockets, Taunton Tigers and the Manchester Giants B team.
|Season||Division 1 Champions|
|1993–94||Coventry Crusaders (1)|
|1994–95||Crystal Palace (8)|
|1995–96||Crystal Palace (9)|
|1996–97||Ware Rebels (1)|
|1997–98||Richmond Jaguars (1)|
|1998–99||Solent Stars (2)|
In 1999, the BBL restructured with a North-South conference system, and the following year the National Basketball League replaced Division 1 with the eight-team NBL Conference as the second-tier after the BBL. Subsequently Division 2 became Division 1 and Division 3 became Division 2, with the addition of a new Division 3 forming effectively the fifth-tier of the structure.
However Division 3 only lasted for one season, as another reorganisation took place the following year, in 2001, which saw an expanded NBL Conference and Division 1, while Divisions 2 and 3 merged to form a regionalised format, with Division 2 North and Division 2 South. In 2003, after three seasons, the BBL ditched its North-South Conference format, and reverted to a single league of ten clubs. During the same year, the National Basketball League was rebranded as the English Basketball League, and once again was restructured with a new format.
|Season||National Conference Champions|
|1999-00||Teesside Mohawks (1)|
|2000-01||Plymouth Raiders (1)|
|2001-02||Teesside Mohawks (2)|
|2002-03||Teesside Mohawks (3)|
The Conference was disbanded, and EBL reverted the National Leagues to EBL Division 1, Division 2 and a regionalised North-South Division 3, with Division 4 (a reincarnation of the one-time old Division 3 of 2000) returning to the fold in 2006.
|Season||Division 1 Champions|
|2003-04||Plymouth Raiders (2)|
|2004-05||Sheffield Arrows (1)|
|2005-06||Worthing Thunder (1)|
|2006-07||Worthing Thunder (2)|
|2007-08||Manchester Magic (1)|
|2008-09||Reading Rockets (1)|
|2009-10||Derby Trailblazers (1)|
|2010-11||Bristol Academy Flyers (1)|
|2011-12||BA London Leopards (1)|
|2012-13||Reading Rockets (2)|
|2013-14||Reading Rockets (3)|
|2014-15||Essex Leopards (2)|
|2015-16||Manchester Magic (2)|
|2016-17||Northumbria University (1)|
|2017-18||Loughborough University (1)|
|2018-19||Solent Kestrels (1)|