National Black United Front

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The National Black United Front (NBUF) is an African-American organization formed in the late 1970s in Brooklyn, New York.[1][2] Its headquarters are in South Shore, Chicago, Illinois.[3]

It has been described as Christian, Left-leaning, somewhat Black nationalist[4][5] and working in the tradition of the Million Man March[6] and Malcolm X.[7] The organization held its 30th annual convention from July 16 to July 19, 2009 in Chicago, Illinois.[8][9]

Philosophy and Mission Statement[edit]

      The National Black United Front (NBUF) was officially founded in 1980 in Brooklyn, New York after being hindered by assassinations and FBI counterintelligence work of the 1970s.[10] A politically radical, grass-roots organization supporting the Pan-African movement championed by Marcus Garvey, the NBUF focuses on the advancement of all people of African descent. They have been described as “comfortable and adamant in defining a racial history and racial solidarity,” and they focus on controversial issues and pressing inequalities.[11] These issues include demanding reparations for ancestors of slaves, disaster relief, prison reform, advocating Afrikan-centered education, get out the vote campaigns,[12] and a petition to the United Nations that the United States has and continues to commit genocide against African Americans.[13] These principles are especially inherent in their mission statement:

"The National Black United Front (NBUF) is an organization that believes the black people in America need to become organized and work as one in order to become free, liberated and independent. They urge black citizens across the nation to join their organization because it is an organization that is working in the best interests of our people. The black community has immense culture and history that extends back long before we can even remember. Even though much of our past is filled with hardship and can be termed “critical” our status as black people in America is not irreversible. Our long history of struggling in this country has brought about our many victories against racism, political oppression, economic oppression, and cultural domination. The mission of The National Black United Front is to continue on with the fight for equality. They believe in this day and age there is a need for bold radical actions and strong commitment to be organized for Black Power."[12]

These ideals are also outlined in their 2018 Principles of Unity, which are:

"1. To struggle for self-determination, liberation and power for Black people in the United States.

2. To work in unity and common struggle with Afrikan liberation movements and people.

3. To build a politically conscious, unified, committed and effective Black mass movement.

4. To struggle to eliminate racism (including Zionism and Apartheid), sexism (the oppression, throughout the world, exploitation and inequality of women), monopoly capitalism, colonialism, neo-colonialism, imperialism and national oppression.

5. To maintain strict political and financial independence of the National Black United Front.

6. To build unity and common struggle with oppressed people in the United States and throughout the world, as long as the best interests of Black people are not contradicted.

7. To continue the political/cultural revolution to create a new vision and value system and a new Black man, woman and child based on common struggle around the needs of the Black.

8. To continue to struggle, to maximize, the unity of the Black Liberation Movement and Black people; to eliminate internal violence, character assassination and self-destruction; to establish a viable process to arbitrate all major conflicts within the Black Liberation Movement and Black community."[14]

Community Involvement and Other Activities[edit]

As made apparent by the Houston Chapter's blog posts, the organization's ideals and philosophies are upheld through significant community involvement. They have aided in criminal justice cases, including the release of death-row inmate Clarence Brandley and involvement in the Shaka Sankofa (Gary Graham) case, hold Sankofa Study Circles to teach black history, host various black artists through the Black Arts Movement, participate in the Feed the Hood Project, and are involved in the Haitian outreach program (Haitian Ministries formed by one of NBUF'S past National Secretaries and member of the Houston chapter).[12] The NBUF also sponsors cultural programs, including the Frontlines Album Project, sponsorship of annual Kwanzaa Programs, and African Liberation Day activities.[15] Internationally, the NBUF was involved with the Free South Africa movement, supported Prime Minister Maurice bishop of Grenada, and donated to victims of the mass slaughter in Rwanda.[10] The National Black United Front Human Rights and Genocide Campaign is a Petition/Declaration of the Office in Charge of the High Commission of Human Rights of the United Nations in Geneva, Switzerland. The Petition/Declaration of more than 200,000 signatures of African people who agree that the U.S. government has committed and continues to commit genocide against the African population in the United States has been a major focus of the Campaign. In the submission of the Petition/Declaration, they also submitted preliminary information in a 38 count indictment against the United States for a variety of Human Rights violations against African people in the country.[13] The NBUF also recently become a certified organization with the National Black Federation of Charities, an arm of the National Black United Fund, Inc. and are now able to receive donations through payroll deduction from people in the federal workplace throughout the world.[15]

The NBUF also has a podcast: https://www.podomatic.com/podcasts/blackunitedfront

Controversy[edit]

Some controversy has surrounded the NBUF during its existence.  Early in its formation, female activists involved with the organization, including Loretta Ross, Nkenge Toure, and Jamala Rogers, felt resistance in the form of sexism from other leaders within the organization. There was a difficult struggle to form a women's section, and the most blatant manifestation of sexism came in the resistance to sending a delegation from the NBUF to the 1985 Decade for Women Conference in Nairobi, Kenya.[16] Those against sending a delegation argued the women were “abandoning the black struggle and blindly following the white feminist movement,” going so far as to boo the women at the NBUF conference that year.[17] The NBUF sisters did end up attending the conference and made a significant contribution by networking with African women from all over the world and presenting a paper on “The Presence of African Women in America.”[15] Jamala Rogers offered another example of sexism, stating that when the St. Louis branch of a different organization, the Organization for Black Struggle, merged with the NBUF St Louis chapter, they eventually broke off from the NBUF due to issues of patriarchy and sectarianism.[18] More recently, NBUF leader Dr. Charles Worrill has been criticized for his extreme political militancy and for continuing to support and work with the controversial Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan, who is also known for extreme anti-Semitic remarks.[10]

Important People and Chapters[edit]

People[edit]

Dr. Conrad Worrill: chairman of NBUF until 2009, educator, newspaper columnist, community organizer, and radio talk-show host, critic of racism and exponent of economic and political enfranchisement for Black people.[10]

Rev. Jew Don Boney: Activist and politician, won City Council seat in Houston, Texas, with NBUF help[15] Served on city council until 2001 and afterwards was appointed Associate Director of the Mickey Leland Center on World Hunger and Peace at Texas Southern University. There he administered the Center's widely acclaimed leadership development programs, including the Texas Legislative Internship, the Mickey Leland Congressional Internship and the Mickey Leland International Enhancement Program for study abroad opportunities.[19]

Rev. Herbert Daughtry: "The People's Pastor," Former chairman, named the National Presiding Minister of The House of the Lord Churches, founder and president of the African People's Christian Organization[20]

Yulanda Ward: an activist NBUF member who was walking with three NBUF men when they were “robbed.”  All were forced to bend over the hoods of cars at gunpoint, but Ward was the only one shot in the head, with no money taken. The Yulanda Ward Memorial Fund was set up to help investigate the incident.[17]

Chapters (with web presence)[edit]

Chicago: http://nbufchicago.blogspot.com/

National Black United Front, 1993

Dallas: https://www.facebook.com/DallasNbuf/

Grambling: https://www.facebook.com/NBUFGrambling/ https://www.instagram.com/nbufgrambling/

Houston: https://twitter.com/nbuf_houston?lang=en https://www.instagram.com/nbuf_houston/

Kansas City: https://www.facebook.com/KCBUF/

Memphis: https://www.facebook.com/NBUFMemphis/ https://twitter.com/nbufmemphis https://www.instagram.com/nbufmemphis/

Milwaukee: http://nbufmilwaukee.blogspot.com/

Muskegon: https://www.facebook.com/NBUFMuskegon/

Northern NJ: https://www.facebook.com/NBUFNorthernNJ/ http://northernnjnbuf.blogspot.com/

Pittsburgh: https://www.facebook.com/nbuf.pittsburgh?__tn__=%2Cdl%2CP-R&eid=ARBEfE7nLgBmmwHV1fUNIgQuNJyw07CbLR1gDOsKiq3YtrOej1_o5iR553gDd9r95NibgW5OY_Jv3yaU

St. Louis: http://stlouisnbuf.blogspot.com/

Washington D.C.: https://twitter.com/nbuf

Westmoreland: https://www.facebook.com/KCBUF/

References[edit]

  1. ^ Schultz, Jeffrey D. (2000). Encyclopedia of Minorities in American Politics: African Americans and Asian Americans. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 217. ISBN 978-1-57356-148-8. Retrieved 2009-05-18.
  2. ^ Sertima, Ivan Van (1988). Great black leaders: ancient and modern. Transaction Publishers. p. 111. ISBN 978-0-88738-739-5. Retrieved 2009-05-18.
  3. ^ "National Office Archived 2011-09-27 at the Wayback Machine." National Black United Front. Retrieved on September 28, 2011. "1809 East 71st, Suite 211 Chicago, Illinois 60649"
  4. ^ West, Cornel (1993). Prophetic Fragments. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. p. 71. ISBN 978-0-8028-0721-2. Retrieved 2009-05-18.
  5. ^ Elbaum, Max (2002). Revolution in the Air: Sixties Radicals Turn to Lenin, Mao and Che. Verso Books. p. 263. ISBN 978-1-85984-617-9. Retrieved 2009-05-18.
  6. ^ Dawson, Michael C. (2001). Black visions: the roots of contemporary African-American political ideologies. University of Chicago Press. p. 218. ISBN 978-0-226-13860-2. Retrieved 2009-05-18.
  7. ^ Sales, William W. (1994). From civil rights to Black liberation: Malcolm X and the Organization of Afro-American Unity. South End Press. p. 20. ISBN 978-0-89608-480-3. Retrieved 2009-15-18. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  8. ^ "National Black United Front celebrates 30 years of grassroots organizing".
  9. ^ "National Black United Front".
  10. ^ a b c d "Worrill, Conrad 1941— | Encyclopedia.com". www.encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2018-12-12.
  11. ^ Dawdy, Shannon Lee (2008). "Excavating the Present, Vindicating the Dead". Historical Archaeology. 42 (2): 152–156. doi:10.1007/BF03377080. JSTOR 25617502.
  12. ^ a b c Nbuf (2008-02-15). "National Black United Front Houston Chapter: NBUF Houston". National Black United Front Houston Chapter. Retrieved 2018-12-11.
  13. ^ a b Worrill, Conrad W. "Support National Black United Front Campaign Against Genocide." Philadelphia Tribune, Sep 05 1997, p. 6. ProQuest. Web. 11 Dec. 2018
  14. ^ "blackunitedfront | About Us". blackunitedfront. Retrieved 2018-12-12.
  15. ^ a b c d "A BRIEF HISTORY OF NBUF". www.drconradworrill.com. Retrieved 2018-12-12.
  16. ^ Toure, Nkenge. “Nkenge Toure.” Interview by Loretta J. Ross. Sophia Smith Collection, 2006. Smith College, <https://www.smith.edu/libraries/libs/ssc/vof/transcripts/Toure.pdf>. Accessed 10 Dec 2018.
  17. ^ a b Ross, Loretta J. (2006). "A Personal Journey from Women's Rights to Civil Rights to Human Rights". The Black Scholar. 36 (1): 45–53. doi:10.1080/00064246.2006.11413347. JSTOR 41069192.
  18. ^ Rogers, Jamala (2006). "Black, Radical, Feminist: A Metamorphosis". The Black Scholar. 36 (1): 36–44. doi:10.1080/00064246.2006.11413346. JSTOR 41069191.
  19. ^ "About & Bio". Jew Don Boney. 2015-04-17. Retrieved 2018-12-12.
  20. ^ "Herbert D. Daughtry, Sr". The House of the Lord Churches. Retrieved 2018-12-12.

External links[edit]