National Board of Medical Examiners
The National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME), founded in 1915, is a United States operation which sets state recognised examinations for medical students. The NBME is an independent, not-for-profit organization which posted $218,671,884 in publicly traded marketable securities according to the 2014 Non-Profit informational Tax Return Form 990, and is headquartered on and adjacent to the University City Science Center research campus in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. According to the board, its mission is to "protect the health of the public through state of the art assessment of health professionals." The board emphasizes that "while NBME's mission is centered on assessment of physicians, this mission encompasses the spectrum of health professionals along the continuum of education, training and practice and includes research in evaluation as well as development of assessment instruments". The president of the NBME in 2014, Donald E. Melnick, per their Form 990 made $960,592 in reportable NBME compensation and $125,902 in other NBME compensation, totaling $1,086,494.
The board rose in prominence in the years after World War II. Prior to the war, states administered their own exams, and operated agreements to license doctors passed by other state exams. After the war, states began to use the results of an NBME exam to decide whether to award a license. This system meant students would sit the same exam.
The United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE), introduced in 1992, is a multi-part professional exam sponsored by the Federation of State Medical Boards (FSMB) and the NBME, and must be passed before a Doctor of Medicine can obtain a license to practice medicine in the United States.
The NBME creates self-assessment exams for the programs it runs including USMLE Step 1 and USMLE Step 2 CK. As of February 2018, these assessment tests are available only in expanded feedback version costing $60 and displays the incorrectly answered questions in addition to the analytics. The assessments now provide the correct answer to questions in the expanded feedback version. Prior to this, students frequently discussed the questions among themselves on online forums to reach the correct answer. The latest NBME in the series of NBME tests is NBME 19.
- Statistics of Land-grant Colleges and Universities (1921) United States Office of Education
- Kostelni, Natalie (2007-11-23). "Medical examiners to expand HQ". Philadelphia Business Journal. Retrieved 2009-05-16.
- Ludmerer, Kenneth M. Time to heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care (1999), Oxford University Press US, 1999. p. 197-198. ISBN 0-19-511837-5
- United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit (1999-12-09). "JOHN DOE, v. NATIONAL BOARD OF MEDICAL EXAMINERS, APPELLANT, D.C. Civ. No. 99-cv-04532". AltLaw. Retrieved 2009-05-16.[dead link]
- Melnick, Donald E. (December 2006). "From Defending the Walls to Improving Global Medical Education: Fifty Years of Collaboration between the ECFMG and the NBME". Academic Medicine. Association of American Medical Colleges. pp. S30–S35, Volume 81 - Issue 12. doi:10.1097/01.ACM.0000243462.05719.e1. Retrieved 2009-05-16.
- "NBME Self-Assessment Services". nsas.nbme.org. Retrieved 2016-03-02.
- NBME. "FAQs about Review | NBME". www.nbme.org. Retrieved 2016-03-02.