National Book Award for Poetry

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The National Book Award for Poetry is one of five annual National Book Awards, which are given by the National Book Foundation to recognize outstanding literary work by US citizens. They are awards "by writers to writers".[1] The panelists are five "writers who are known to be doing great work in their genre or field".[2]

The category Poetry was established in 1950 and has been awarded annually save the period 1985 to 1990.[3]

The award recognizes one book written by a US citizen and published in the US from December 1 to November 30. The National Book Foundation accepts nominations from publishers until June 15, requires mailing nominated books to the panelists by August 1, and announces five finalists in October. The winner is announced on the day of the final ceremony in November. The award is $10,000 and a bronze sculpture; other finalists get $1000, a medal, and a citation written by the panel.[4]

There were 148 nominations for the 2010 award.[5]

Winners[edit]

1950s[edit]

1950s National Book Award for Poetry winners
Year Author Title(s) Result Ref
1950 William Carlos Williams Paterson: Book Three and Selected Poems (two books) Winner [6]
1951 Wallace Stevens The Auroras of Autumn Winner
1952 Marianne Moore Collected Poems Winner
1953 Archibald MacLeish Collected Poems, 1917–1952 Winner
1954 Conrad Aiken Collected Poems Winner
1955 Wallace Stevens The Collected Poems of Wallace Stevens Winner
1956 W. H. Auden The Shield of Achilles Winner
1957 Richard Wilbur Things of This World Winner
1958 Robert Penn Warren Promises: Poems, 1954–1956 Winner
1959 Theodore Roethke Words for the Wind: Poems of Theodore Roethke Winner

1960s[edit]

1960s National Book Award for Poetry winners
Year Author Title(s) Result
1960 Robert Lowell Life Studies Winner
1961 Randall Jarrell The Woman at the Washington Zoo: Poems and Translations Winner
1962 Alan Dugan Poems (vol 1 of seven) Winner
1963 William Stafford Traveling Through the Dark Winner
1964 John Crowe Ransom Selected Poems Winner
1965 Theodore Roethke The Far Field (posth.) Winner
1966 James Dickey Buckdancer's Choice: Poems Winner
1967 James Merrill Nights and Days Winner
1968 Robert Bly The Light Around the Body Winner
1969 John Berryman His Toy, His Dream, His Rest Winner

1970s[edit]

1970s National Book Award for Poetry winnes
Year Author Title(s) Result
1970 Elizabeth Bishop The Complete Poems Winner
1971 Mona Van Duyn To See, To Take: Poems Winner
1972 Frank O'Hara The Collected Poems of Frank O'Hara (posth.) Winner[a]
Howard Moss Selected Poems
1973 A. R. Ammons Collected Poems, 1951–1971 Winner
1974 Adrienne Rich Diving into the Wreck: Poems 1971–1972 Winner[a]
Allen Ginsberg The Fall of America: Poems of These States, 1965–1971
1975 Marilyn Hacker Presentation Piece Winner
1976 John Ashbery Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror Winner
1977 Richard Eberhart Collected Poems, 1930–1976: including 43 new poems Winner
1978 Howard Nemerov The Collected Poems of Howard Nemerov Winner
1979 James Merrill Mirabell: Books of Number Winner

1980s[edit]

The Poetry award and many others were eliminated from the program when it was revamped in 1984. It was restored in 1991, now for current-year publications, with a standard five finalists announced a few weeks prior to the main event.

1980s National Book Award for Poetry winners
Year Author Title(s) Result
1980 Philip Levine Ashes: Poems New and Old Winner
1981 Lisel Mueller The Need to Hold Still: Poems Winner
1982 William Bronk Life Supports: New and Collected Poems Winner
1983 Galway Kinnell Selected Poems Winner[a]
Charles Wright Country Music: Selected Early Poems

1990s[edit]

1990s National Book Award for Poetry honorees
Year Author Title(s) Result Ref.
1991 Philip Levine What Work Is Winner
Andrew Hudgins The Never-Ending Finalist
Linda McCarriston Eva-Mary Finalist
Adrienne Rich An Atlas of the Difficult World: Poems 1988–1991 Finalist
Marilyn Nelson Waniek The Homeplace: Poems Finalist
1992 Mary Oliver New and Selected Poems (vol. 1 of two) Winner
Hayden Carruth Collected Shorter Poems Finalist
Louise Glück The Wild Iris Finalist
Susan Mitchell Rapture Finalist
Gary Snyder No Nature Finalist
1993 A. R. Ammons Garbage Winner
Mark Doty My Alexandria Finalist
Margaret Gibson The Vigil: A Poem in Four Voices Finalist
Donald Hall The Museum of Clear Ideas Finalist
Lawrence Raab What We Don't Know About Each Other Finalist
1994 James Tate Worshipful Company of Fletchers Winner
Richard Howard Like Most Revelations Finalist
David St. John A Study for the World's Body Finalist
Heather McHugh Hinge and Sign: Poems, 1968–1993 Finalist
Anne Porter An Altogether Different Language Finalist
1995 Stanley Kunitz Passing Through: The Later Poems Winner
Barbara Howes Collected Poems, 1945–1990 Finalist
Josephine Jacobsen In the Crevice of Time: New and Collected Poems Finalist
Donald Justice New and Selected Poems Finalist
Gary Soto New and Selected Poems Finalist
1996 Hayden Carruth Scrambled Eggs & Whiskey: Poems, 1991–1995 Winner
Lucille Clifton The Terrible Stories Finalist
Robert Hass Sun Under Wood Finalist
Alicia Suskin Ostriker The Crack in Everything Finalist
Charles Simic Walking the Black Cat Finalist
1997 William Meredith Effort at Speech: New and Selected Poems Winner
John Balaban Locusts at the Edge of Summer: New and Selected Poems Finalist
Frank Bidart Desire Finalist
Sarah Lindsay Primate Behavior Finalist
Marilyn Nelson The Fields of Praise: New and Selected Poems Finalist
1998 Gerald Stern This Time: New and Selected Poems Winner
B. H. Fairchild The Art of the Lathe Finalist
Alicia Suskin Ostriker The Little Space: Poems Selected and New, 1968–1998 Finalist
Linda Pastan Carnival Evening: New and Selected Poems 1968–1998 Finalist
Carl Phillips From the Devotions Finalist
1999 Ai Vice: New and Selected Poems Winner [7]
Louise Glück Vita Nova Finalist
Clarence Major Configurations: New and Selected Poems, 1958–1998 Finalist
Sherod Santos The Pilot Star Elegies Finalist
C.K. Williams Repair Finalist

2000s[edit]

2000s National Book Award for Poetry honorees
Year Author Title(s) Result Ref.
2000 Lucille Clifton Blessing the Boats: New and Selected Poems 1988–2000 Won
Kim Addonizio Tell Me Finalist
Galway Kinnell A New Selected Poems Finalist
Kenneth Koch New Addresses: Poems Finalist
Bruce Smith The Other Lover Finalist
2001 Alan Dugan Poems Seven: New and Complete Poetry (vol 7 of seven) Winner
Agha Shahid Ali Rooms are Never Finished Finalist
Wanda Coleman Mercurochrome Finalist
Cornelius Eady Brutal Imagination Finalist
Gail Mazur They Can’t Take That Away from Me Finalist
2002 Ruth Stone In the Next Galaxy Winner
Harryette Mullen Sleeping With the Dictionary Finalist
Sharon Olds The Unswept Room Finalist
Alberto Rios The Smallest Muscle in the Human Body Finalist
Ellen Bryant Voigt Shadow of Heaven Finalist
2003 C. K. Williams The Singing Winner
Carol Muske-Dukes Sparrow Finalist
Charles Simic The Voice at 3:00 A.M.: Selected Late and New Poems Finalist
Louis Simpson The Owner of the House: New Collected Poems 1940–2001 Finalist
Kevin Young Jelly Roll: a blues Finalist
2004 Jean Valentine Door in the Mountain: New and Collected Poems, 1965–2003 Winner
William Heyen Shoah Train Finalist
Donald Justice Collected Poems Finalist
Carl Phillips The Rest of Love Finalist
Cole Swensen Goest Finalist
2005 W. S. Merwin Migration: New and Selected Poems Winner
John Ashbery Where Shall I Wander: New Poems Finalist
Frank Bidart Star Dust: Poems Finalist
Brendan Galvin Habitat: New and Selected Poems, 1965–2005 Finalist
Vern Rutsala The Moment’s Equation Finalist
2006 Nathaniel Mackey Splay Anthem Winner [8]
Louise Glück Averno Finalist [9]
H.L. Hix Chromatic Finalist [9]
Ben Lerner Angle of Yaw Finalist [9]
James L. McMichael Capacity Finalist [9]
2007 Robert Hass Time and Materials: Poems, 1997–2005 Winner
Linda Gregerson Magnetic North Finalist [10]
David Kirby The House on Boulevard St. Finalist
Stanley Plumly Old Heart Finalist
Ellen Bryant Voigt Messenger: New and Selected Poems 1976–2006 Finalist
2008 Mark Doty Fire to Fire: New and Selected Poems Winner
Frank Bidart Watching the Spring Festival Finalist [11]
Reginald Gibbons Creatures of a Day Finalist [11]
Richard Howard Without Saying Finalist [11]
Patricia Smith Blood Dazzler Finalist [11]
2009 Keith Waldrop Transcendental Studies: A Trilogy Winner
Rae Armantrout Versed Finalist [12][13]
Ann Lauterbach Or to Begin Again Finalist [12][13]
Carl Phillips Speak Low Finalist [12][13]
Lyrae van Clief-Stefanon Open Interval Finalist [12][13]

2010s[edit]

2010s National Book Award for Poetry honorees
Year Author Title(s) Result Ref.
2010 Terrance Hayes Lighthead Winner
Kathleen Graber The Eternal City Finalist
James Richardson By the Numbers Finalist
C.D. Wright One with Others Finalist
Monica Youn Ignatz Finalist
2011 Nikky Finney Head Off & Split: Poems Winner
Yusef Komunyakaa The Chameleon Couch Finalist [14]
Carl Phillips Double Shadow Finalist [14]
Adrienne Rich Tonight No Poetry Will Serve: Poems: 2007-2010 Finalist [14]
Bruce Smith Devotions Finalist [14]
2012 David Ferry Bewilderment: New Poems and Translations Winner [15][16]
Susan Wheeler Meme Finalist [17][18]
Cynthia Huntington Heavenly Bodies Finalist [17][18]
Tim Seibles Fast Animal Finalist [17][18]
Alan Shapiro Night of the Republic Finalist [17][18]
2013 Mary Szybist Incarnadine Winner [19][20]
Frank Bidart Metaphysical Dog Finalist [21][22]
Lucie Brock-Broido Stay, Illusion Finalist [21][22]
Adrian Matejka The Big Smoke Finalist [21][22]
Matt Rasmussen Black Aperture Finalist [21][22]
2014 Louise Glück Faithful and Virtuous Night Winner [23][24][25]
Fanny Howe Second Childhood Finalist [26]
Maureen N. McLane This Blue Finalist [26]
Fred Moten The Feel Trio Finalist [26]
Claudia Rankine Citizen Finalist [26]
2015 Robin Coste Lewis Voyage of the Sable Venus Winner [27][28]
Ross Gay Catalog of Unabashed Gratitude Finalist [29]
Terrance Hayes How to Be Drawn Finalist [29]
Ada Limón Bright Dead Things Finalist [29]
Patrick Phillips Elegy for a Broken Machine Finalist [29]
2016 Daniel Borzutzky The Performance of Becoming Human Winner [30][31]
Rita Dove Collected Poems 1974 – 2004 Finalist
Peter Gizzi Archeophonics Finalist
Jay Hopler The Abridged History of Rainfall Finalist
Solmaz Sharif Look Finalist
2017 Frank Bidart Half-light: Collected Poems 1965–2016 Winner [32][33]
Leslie Harrison The Book of Endings Finalist [34]
Layli Long Soldier WHEREAS Finalist [34]
Shane McCrae In the Language of My Captor Finalist [34]
Danez Smith Don't Call Us Dead Finalist [34]
2018 Justin Phillip Reed Indecency Winner [35][36][37]
Rae Armantrout Wobble Finalist [38]
Terrance Hayes American Sonnets for My Past and Future Assassin Finalist
Diana Khoi Nguyen Ghost Of Finalist
Jenny Xie Eye Level Finalist
2019 Arthur Sze Sight Lines Winner [39][40]
Jericho Brown The Tradition Finalist [41]
Toi Derricotte "I": New and Selected Poems Finalist [41]
Ilya Kaminsky Deaf Republic Finalist [41]
Carmen Giménez Smith Be Recorder Finalist [41]

2020s[edit]

2020s National Book Award for Poetry honorees
Year Author Title Result Ref
2020 Don Mee Choi DMZ Colony Winner [42][43]
Mei-mei Berssenbrugge A Treatise on Stars Finalist
Tommye Blount Fantasia for the Man in Blue Finalist
Anthony Cody Borderland Apocrypha Finalist
Natalie Diaz Postcolonial Love Poem Finalist
2021 Martín Espada Floaters Winner [44][45][46]
Desiree C. Bailey What Noise Against the Cane Finalist [47][45]
Douglas Kearney Sho Finalist [47][45]
Hoa Nguyen A Thousand Times You Lose Your Treasure Finalist [48][47][45]
Jackie Wang The Sunflower Cast A Spell To Save Us From The Void Finalist [47][45]
2022 John Keene Punks: New & Selected Poems Winner [49][50]
Allison Adelle Hedge Coke Look at This Blue Finalist [51][52]
Sharon Olds Balladz Finalist [51][52]
Roger Reeves Best Barbarian Finalist [51][52]
Jenny Xie The Rupture Tense Finalist [51][52]

Repeat winners[edit]

See Winners of multiple U.S. National Book Awards

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c The Poetry panels split the 1972, 1974, and 1983 awards. Split awards have been prohibited continuously from 1984 (and the same reform eliminated the Poetry category, restored 1992).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History of the National Book Awards" Archived 2018-10-03 at the Wayback Machine. National Book Foundation (NBF): About Us. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
  2. ^ "How the National Book Awards Work" Archived 2011-06-09 at the Wayback Machine. NBF: Awards. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
  3. ^ "National Book Award Winners: 1950 – 2009" Archived 2012-05-28 at the Wayback Machine. NBF: Awards. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
  4. ^ "National Book Award Selection Process" Archived 2008-06-13 at the Wayback Machine. NBF: Awards. Retrieved 2011-11-17.
  5. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions" Archived 2017-11-19 at the Wayback Machine. NBF: About Us. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
  6. ^ "National Book Awards – 1950" Archived 2018-11-14 at the Wayback Machine. NBF. Retrieved 2012-02-25.
    (With essays by Neil Baldwin and Ross Gay from the Awards 50-year print publication(?) and 60-year anniversary blog. Baldwin covers the award-sharing book: "The edition of the Selected Poems brought out in 1949 has of necessity over the past half-century been emended and expanded many times. ...")
  7. ^ Chesterfield, Tanya (1999-11-17). "The 1999 National Book Awards Winners". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved 2022-12-03.
  8. ^ "Awards: National Book Award Winners". Shelf Awareness. November 16, 2006. Retrieved 2022-12-03.
  9. ^ a b c d "Awards: National Book Award Finalists". Shelf Awareness . October 12, 2006. Retrieved 2022-12-03.
  10. ^ "Awards: National Book Award Finalists". Shelf Awareness. October 11, 2007. Retrieved 2022-12-03.
  11. ^ a b c d "Awards: National Book Award Finalists". Shelf Awareness. October 16, 2008. Retrieved 2022-12-03.
  12. ^ a b c d Andriani, Lynn (2009-10-14). "National Book Award Finalists Announced". PublishersWeekly.com. Retrieved 2022-12-03.
  13. ^ a b c d "Awards: National Book Award Finalists". Shelf Awareness. October 15, 2009. Retrieved 2022-12-03.
  14. ^ a b c d "Awards: National Book Award Finalists". Shelf Awareness. October 13, 2011. Retrieved 2022-12-03.
  15. ^ Leslie Kaufman (November 14, 2012). "Novel About Racial Injustice Wins National Book Award". New York Times. Retrieved 2012-11-15.
  16. ^ "2012 National Book Awards Go to Erdrich, Boo, Ferry, Alexander". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved 2012-11-15.
  17. ^ a b c d "National Book Award Finalists Announced". Shelf Awareness . October 10, 2012. Retrieved 2022-12-03.
  18. ^ a b c d "National Book Award Finalists Announced Today". Library Journal. October 10, 2012. Archived from the original on December 6, 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-15.
  19. ^ "2013 National Book Award Finalists Announced" Archived 2013-10-19 at the Wayback Machine. Publishers Weekly. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  20. ^ "2013 National Book Awards" Archived 2018-11-14 at the Wayback Machine. NBF. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  21. ^ a b c d "2013 National Book Award Finalists Announced". PublishersWeekly.com. 2013-10-16. Retrieved 2022-12-03.
  22. ^ a b c d "Awards: National Book Award Finalists". Shelf Awareness. October 17, 2013. Retrieved 2022-12-03.
  23. ^ "Get To Know The Finalists For The 2014 National Book Award". Morning Edition. National Public Radio. October 15, 2014. Retrieved October 4, 2020.
  24. ^ Alter, Alexandra (November 19, 2014). "National Book Award Goes to Phil Klay for His Short Story Collection". The New York Times. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
  25. ^ "Louise Glück Wins This Year's National Book Award in Poetry". Poets.org. Retrieved 2022-12-03.
  26. ^ a b c d "2014 National Book Award Finalists Named". PublishersWeekly.com. 2014-10-15. Retrieved 2022-12-03.
  27. ^ "2015 National Book Awards". National Book Foundation. Retrieved 19 November 2015.
  28. ^ Alter, Alexandra (19 November 2015). "Ta-Nehisi Coates Wins National Book Award". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 November 2015.
  29. ^ a b c d "Awards: National Book Award Finalists". Shelf Awareness. October 15, 2015. Retrieved 2022-12-03.
  30. ^ "2016 National Book Awards". National Book Foundation. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
  31. ^ "National Book Award Winners". Shelf Awareness. November 17, 2016. Retrieved 2022-12-03.
  32. ^ Maher, John (2017-11-15). "Benway, Bidart, Gessen, and Ward Win 2017 National Book Awards". PublishersWeekly.com. Retrieved 2022-12-03.
  33. ^ "National Book Award Winners". Shelf Awareness. November 16, 2017. Retrieved 2022-12-03.
  34. ^ a b c d Maher, John (2017-10-04). "National Book Foundation Names 2017 NBA Finalists". PublishersWeekly.com. Retrieved 2022-12-03.
  35. ^ "2018 National Book Awards - Poetry". National Book Awards. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  36. ^ "National Book Award Winners". Shelf Awareness. November 15, 2018. Retrieved 2022-12-03.
  37. ^ Maher, John (2018-11-14). "Acevedo, Nunez, Reed, Stewart, and Tawada/Mitsutani Win 2018 National Book Awards". PublishersWeekly.com. Retrieved 2022-12-03.
  38. ^ Grady, Constance (2018-10-10). "The 2018 National Book Award finalists are in. Here's the full list". Vox. Retrieved 2022-12-03.
  39. ^ "The 2019 National Book Awards Finalists Announced". National Book Foundation. 2019-10-07. Retrieved 2019-10-09.
  40. ^ "National Book Award Winners". Shelf Awareness . November 21, 2019. Retrieved 2022-12-03.
  41. ^ a b c d "Awards: National Book Award Finalists". Shelf Awareness. October 9, 2019. Retrieved 2022-12-03.
  42. ^ "2020 National Book Awards Finalists Announced". National Book Foundation. August 2020. Retrieved 2020-11-16.
  43. ^ "National Book Award Winners". Shelf Awareness. November 19, 2020. Retrieved 2022-12-03.
  44. ^ "National Book Awards 2021". National Book Foundation. Retrieved November 17, 2021.
  45. ^ a b c d e "A guide to the must-read 2021 National Book Award winners and finalists". Vox. 2021-11-15. Retrieved 2022-12-03.
  46. ^ Leighton, Mara. "The 10 poetry books that made it onto the National Book Award longlist in 2021". Business Insider. Retrieved 2022-12-03.
  47. ^ a b c d "National Book Award Finalists Announced". Shelf Awareness. October 6, 2021. Retrieved 2022-12-03.
  48. ^ Qiao, Vicky (2021-10-06). "Ontario poet Hoa Nguyen shortlisted for $10K U.S. National Book Awards". CBC. Retrieved 2022-12-03.
  49. ^ Stewart, Sophia (November 16, 2022). "Gunty, Keene, Perry, Schweblin, Tahir Win 2022 National Book Awards". Publishers Weekly.
  50. ^ Beer, Tom (2022-11-16). "Winners of the 2022 National Book Awards Revealed". Kirkus Reviews. Retrieved 2022-11-20.
  51. ^ a b c d "The National Book Award finalists for 2022, explained by reading them". Vox. November 14, 2022.
  52. ^ a b c d "National Book Award Finalists Announced". Shelf Awareness . October 5, 2022. Retrieved 2022-12-03.