National Book Award for Young People's Literature
The National Book Award for Young People's Literature is one of four annual National Book Awards, which are given by the National Book Foundation (NBF) to recognize outstanding literary work by US citizens. They are awards "by writers to writers". The panelists are five "writers who are known to be doing great work in their genre or field".
The category Young People's Literature was established in 1996. From 1969 to 1983, prior to the Foundation, there were some "Children's" categories.
The award recognizes one book written by a US citizen and published in the US from December 1 to November 30. The National Book Foundation accepts nominations from publishers until June 15, requires mailing nominated books to the panelists by August 1, and announces five finalists in October. The winner is announced on the day of the final ceremony in November. The award is $10,000 and a bronze sculpture; other finalists get $1000, a medal, and a citation written by the panel.[a]
There were 230 books nominated for the 2010 award.
Children's Books, 1969 to 1979
Books for "children" were first recognized by the National Book Awards in 1969 (publication year 1968). Through 1979 there was a single award category called either "Children's Literature" or "Children's Books".
- Lloyd Alexander
- Vera Cleaver, Queen of Hearts
- Sid Fleischman, Humbug Mountain
- Paula Fox, The Little Swineherd and Other Tales
- Betty Sue Cummings, Hew Against the Grain
- Ilse Koehn, Michling, Second Degree
- David McCord, One at a Time (poetry)
- William Steig, Caleb + Kate
- Milton Meltzer, Never to Forget: The Jews of the Holocaust
- John Ney, Ox Under Pressure
- Mildred D. Taylor, Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry
- Barbara Wersba, Tunes for a Small Harmonica
- Eleanor Cameron, To the Green Mountains
- Norma Faber, As I Was Crossing Boston Common
- Isabelle Holland, Of Love and Death and Other Journeys
- David McCord, The Star in the Pail (poetry)
- Nicolasa Mohr, El Bronx Remembered
- Brenda Wilkinson, Ludell
- Natalie Babbitt, The Devil's Storybook
- Bruce Buchenholz, Doctor in the Zoo
- Bruce Clements, I Tell a Lie Every So Often
- James Lincoln Collier and Christopher Collier, My Brother Sam is Dead
- Ettagale Laure and Jason Laure, Joi Bangla! The Children of Bangladesh
- Milton Meltzer, World of Our Fathers
- Milton Meltzer, Remember the Days
- Adrienne Richard, Wings
- Mary Stolz, The Edge of Next Year
- Alice Childress, A Hero Ain't Nothin' But a Sandwich
- Vera and Bill Cleaver, The Whys and Wherefores of Littabelle Lee
- Julia Cunningham, The Treasure is the Rose
- Bette Greene, Summer of My German Soldier
- Kristin Hunter, Guests in the Promised Land (stories)
- E. L. Konigsburg, A Proud Taste for Scarlet and Miniver (see Eleanor of Acquitaine)
- Norma Fox Mazer, A Figure of Speech
- F. N. Monjo, Poor Richard in France
- Harve and Margot Zemach, Duffy and the Devil
- Betsy Byars, The House of Wings
- Ingri and Edgar Parin d'Aulaire, d'Aulaires' Trolls
- Jean Craighead George, Julie of the Wolves
- Betty Jean Lifton and Thomas C. Fox, Children of Vietnam
- Georgess McHargue, The Impossible People
- Zilpha Keatley Snyder, The Witches of Worm
- William Steig, Dominic
- The National Book Foundation lists no other finalists.
- Vera and Bill Cleaver, Grover
- Paula Fox, Blowfish Live in the Sea
- Arnold Lobel, Frog and Toad are Friends
- E. B. White, The Trumpet of the Swan
- Vera and Bill Cleaver, Where the Lilies Bloom
- Edna Mitchell Preston, Popcorn and Ma Goodness
- William Steig, Sylvester and the Magic Pebble
- Edwin Tunis, The Young United States, 1783–1830
- Lloyd Alexander, The High King
- Patricia Clapp, Constance: A Story of Early Plymouth (novel featuring Constance Hopkins)
- Esther Hautzig, The Endless Steppe (memoir)
- Milton Meltzer, Langston Hughes: A Biography (about Langston Hughes)
Children's Books, 1980 to 1983
In 1980 under the new name "The American Book Awards" (TABA), the number of literary award categories jumped to 28 including two for Children's Books, hardcover and paperback. (Some graphics awards were inaugurated, too.) In the next three years there were three, five, and five "Children's" award categories —thus fifteen in four years— before the program was revamped with only three annual awards and none for children's books.
James Cross Giblin, Chimney Sweeps
- Linda Grant De Pauw, Seafaring Women
- Patricia Lauber, Journey to the Planets
- John Nance, Lobo of the Tasaday
- Judith St. George, The Brooklyn Bridge
Jean Fritz, Homesick: My Own Story (autobiographical)
- Lloyd Alexander, The Kestrel
- Edward Fenton, The Refugee Summer
- Virginia Hamilton, Sweet Whispers, Brother Rush
- Zibby Oneal, A Formal Feeling
- Fiction, paperback (split award)[b]
- Paula Fox, A Place Apart (1980)
- Joyce Carol Thomas, Marked by Fire (original)[c]
- Illustrated by Marcia Brown, Shadow (translation of a poem by Blaise Cendrars)
- Karla Kuskin and illustrator Marc Simont, The Philharmonic Gets Dressed
- Cynthia Rylant and illustrator Diane Goode, When I Was Young in the Mountains
- Picture Books, paper
- Mary Ann Hoberman and illustrator Betty Fraser, A House is a House for Me (1978) (verse nonfiction)
Susan Bonners, A Penguin Year
- Jean Fritz, Traitor: The Case of Benedict Arnold (about Benedict Arnold)
- James Howe, The Hospital Book (Mal Warshaw, photos)
- Patricia Lauber, Seeds: Pop, Stick and Glide (James Wexler, photos)
- Melvin B. Zisfein, Flight: A Panorama of Aviation (Robert Parker, illus.)
- Beverly Cleary, Ramona Quimby, Age 8
- Deborah Hautzig, Second Star to the Right
- Mildred D. Taylor, Let the Circle Be Unbroken
- Cynthia Voigt, Homecoming
- Fiction, paperback
- Ouida Sebestyen, Words by Heart (1979)
- Olaf Baker, illus. Stephen Gammell, Where the Buffaloes Begin
- Arnold Lobel and illustrator Anita Lobel, On Market Street
- Chris Van Allsburg, Jumanji
- Nancy Willard and illustrators Alice and Martin Provensen, A Visit to William Blake's Inn: Poems for Innocent and Experienced Travelers
- Picture Books, paper
- Peter Spier, Noah's Ark (1977)
- Muriel Feelings and illustrator Tom Feelings, Jambo Means Hello: Swahili Alphabet Book (1974)
- Jane Langton, The Fledgling (1980)
- Traditional, illustrated by Alice and Martin Provensen, A Peaceable Kingdom: The Shaker Abecedarius (original)[c]
- William Sleator and illustrator Blair Lent, The Angry Moon (1970)
- Rosemary Wells, Stanley and Rhoda (original)[c]
- Jean Fritz, Where Do You Think You're Going, Christopher Columbus?
- William Jaspersohn, The Ballpark
- Milton Meltzer, All Time, All Peoples: A World History of Slavery
- Peter Spier, People
Betsy Byars, The Night Swimmers
- Paula Fox, A Place Apart
- Katherine Paterson, Jacob Have I Loved
- Ouida Sebestyen, Far From Home
- Jan Slepian, The Alfred Summer
- Fiction, paperback
- Beverly Cleary, Ramona and Her Mother (1979)
Joan Blos, A Gathering of Days: A New England Girl's Journal, 1830–82 (fiction)
- David Kherdian, The Road from Home
- E. L. Konigsburg, Throwing Shadows
- Ouida Sebestyen, Words by Heart
- Madeleine L'Engle, A Swiftly Tilting Planet (1978)
Young People's Literature, 1996 to date
The winner is listed first followed by the four other finalists.[a]
- Ali Benjamin, The Thing About Jellyfish
- Laura Ruby, Bone Gap
- Steve Sheinkin, Most Dangerous: Daniel Ellsberg and the Secret History of the Vietnam War
- Noelle Stevenson, Nimona
- Eliot Schrefer, Threatened
- Steve Sheinkin, The Port Chicago 50
- John Corey Whaley, Noggin
- Deborah Wiles, Revolution
- Kathi Appelt, The True Blue Scouts of Sugar Man Swamp
- Tom McNeal, Far Far Away
- Meg Rosoff, Picture Me Gone
- Gene Luen Yang, Boxers & Saints
- Carrie Arcos, Out of Reach
- Patricia McCormick, Never Fall Down
- Eliot Schrefer, Endangered
- Steve Sheinkin, Bomb: The Race to Build―and Steal―the World’s Most Dangerous Weapon
- Franny Billingsley, Chime
- Debby Dahl Edwardson, My Name is Not Easy
- Albert Marrin, Flesh and Blood So Cheap: The Triangle Fire and Its Legacy (about Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire)
- Gary Schmidt, Okay for Now
- Laura McNeal, Dark Water
- Paolo Bacigalupi, Ship Breaker
- Rita Williams-Garcia, One Crazy Summer
- Walter Dean Myers, Lockdown
- Deborah Heiligman, Charles and Emma: The Darwins' Leap of Faith (about Emma Darwin)
- David Small, Stitches (memoir)
- Laini Taylor, Lips Touch: Three Times
- Rita Williams-Garcia, Jumped
- Laurie Halse Anderson, Chains
- Kathi Appelt, The Underneath
- E. Lockhart, The Disreputable History of Frankie Landau-Banks
- Tim Tharp, The Spectacular Now
- Kathleen Duey, Skin Hunger: A Resurrection of Magic, Book One
- M. Sindy Felin, Touching Snow
- Brian Selznick, The Invention of Hugo Cabret
- Sara Zarr, Story of a Girl
- Martine Leavitt, Keturah and Lord Death
- Patricia McCormick, Sold
- Nancy Werlin, The Rules of Survival
- Gene Luen Yang, American Born Chinese
- Adele Griffin, Where I Want to Be
- Chris Lynch, Inexcusable
- Walter Dean Myers, Autobiography of My Dead Brother
- Deborah Wiles, Each Little Bird That Sings
- Deb Caletti, Honey, Baby, Sweetheart
- Laban Carrick Hill, Harlem Stomp!: A Cultural History of the Harlem Renaissance (about Harlem Renaissance)
- Shelia P. Moses, The Legend of Buddy Bush
- Julie Anne Peters, Luna: A Novel
- Paul Fleischman, Breakout
- Jim Murphy, An American Plague: The Time and Terrifying Story of the Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1793 (about Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1793)
- Richard Peck, The River Between Us
- Jacqueline Woodson, Locomotion
- M. T. Anderson, Feed
- Naomi Shihab Nye, 19 varieties of gazelle: poems of the Middle East
- Elizabeth Partridge, This Land Was Made for You and Me: The Life and Songs of Woody Guthrie (about Woody Guthrie)
- Jacqueline Woodson, Hush
- Kate DiCamillo, The Tiger Rising
- Phillip Hoose, We Were There Too! Young People in U.S. History
- An Na, A Step from Heaven
- Marilyn Nelson, Carver: A Life in Poems (about George Washington Carver)
- Adam Bagdasarian, Forgotten Fire
- Michael Cadnum, The Book of the Lion
- Carolyn Coman, Many Stones
- Jerry Stanley, Hurry Freedom: African Americans in Gold Rush California
- Laurie Halse Anderson, Speak
- Louise Erdrich, The Birchbark House
- Polly Horvath, The Trolls
- Walter Dean Myers, Monster
- Ann Cameron, The Secret Life of Amanda K. Woods
- Jack Gantos, Joey Pigza Swallowed the Key
- Anita Lobel, No Pretty Pictures: A Child of War
- Richard Peck, A Long Way from Chicago: A Novel in Stories
- Brock Cole, The Facts Speak for Themselves
- Adele Griffin, Sons of Liberty
- Mary Ann McGuigan, Where You Belong
- Tor Seidler, Mean Margaret
- Carolyn Coman, What Jamie Saw
- Nancy Farmer, A Girl Named Disaster
- Helen Kim, The Long Season of Rain
- Han Nolan, Send Me Down a Miracle
1984 to 1995: no awards
Authors with two awards
Two authors have won two Children's or Young People's awards twice.
- Lloyd Alexander won for The Marvelous Misadventures of Sebastian (1971) and Westmark (1982), among six titles that were finalists.
- Katherine Paterson won for The Master Puppeteer (1977) and The Great Gilly Hopkins (1979), among three titles that were finalists.
Isaac Bashevis Singer won the Children's Literature award in 1970 for A Day of Pleasure: Stories of a Boy Growing up in Warsaw and shared the Fiction award in 1974 for A Crown of Feathers and Other Stories.
- List of winners of the National Book Award — all categories, winners only
- Beginning 2005, the official annual webpages (see References) provide more information: the panelists in each award category, the publisher of each finalist, some audio-visual interviews with authors, etc. For 1996 to date, annual webpages generally provide transcripts of acceptance speeches by winning authors.
- The 1983 panels split three awards, including two in the five Children's categories. Split awards have been prohibited continuously from 1984 (the same reform that eliminated the Children's categories).
- Books marked "original" may have been paperback reprints during the same calendar year as their hardcover first editions, whence "original" is a misnomer. "Original" books were not eligible for any previous National Book Award, however, as all were first published during the calendar year preceding the award year.
- "History of the National Book Awards". National Book Foundation (NBF). Retrieved 2012-01-05.
- "How the National Book Awards Work". NBF. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
- "National Book Award Winners: 1950 – 2009". NBF. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
- "National Book Award Selection Process". NBFs. Retrieved 2011-11-17.
- "Frequently Asked Questions". NBF. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
- "National Book Awards – 1970". NBF. Retrieved 2012-02-07. (Select 1970 to 1979 from the top left menu.)
- "National Book Awards – 1969". NBF. Retrieved 2012-02-06.
- "National Book Awards – 1980". NBF. Retrieved 2012-02-08. (Select 1980 to 1989 from the top left menu.)
- 2015 National Book Awards
- Alex Shephard (October 15, 2014). "National Book Awards shortlists announced". Melville House Publishing. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
- Alter, Alexandra (November 19, 2014). "National Book Award Goes to Phil Klay for His Short Story Collection". The New York Times. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- "2013 National Book Award Finalists Announced". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
- "2013 National Book Awards". NBF. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
- Clare Swanson (November 20, 2013). "2013 National Book Awards Go to McBride, Packer, Szybist, Kadohata". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved December 3, 2013.
- Debra Lau Whelan (October 10, 2012). "SLJ Speaks to National Book Award Finalists". School Library Journal. Retrieved 2012-11-15.
- "2012 National Book Awards Go to Erdrich, Boo, Ferry, Alexander". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved 2012-11-15.
- Leslie Kaufman (November 14, 2012). "Novel About Racial Injustice Wins National Book Award". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-11-15.
- "National Book Awards – 2010". NBF. Retrieved 2012-02-15. (Select 2010 or a later year from the top left menu.)
- "National Book Awards – 2000". NBF. Retrieved 2012-02-15. (Select 2000 to 2009 from the top left menu.)
- "National Book Awards – 1990". NBF. Retrieved 2012-02-15. (Select 1990 to 1999 from the top left menu.)