National Capital Region Transport Corporation

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National Capital Region Transport Corporation Limited (NCRTC)
State owned SPV
IndustryPublic transport
Founded2013
HeadquartersNew Delhi, India
Key people
Vinay Kumar Singh (Managing Director)
ServicesRegional Rail
OwnerUnion govt (50%)
Delhi (12.50%)
Haryana (12.50%)
Rajasthan (12.50%)
UP (12.50%)
Websitencrtc.in

The National Capital Region Transport Corporation (NCRTC) - a Joint Venture company of Government of India and States of Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh is mandated for implementing the Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS) project across the National Capital Region (NCR), ensuring a balanced and sustainable urban development through better connectivity and access.

On 11th July 2013 the Union Cabinet approved constitution of National Capital Region Transport Corporation Limited (NCRTC) under the Companies Act, 1956 for designing, developing, implementing, financing, operating and maintaining Regional Rapid Transit system (RRTS) in National Capital Region (NCR) to provide comfortable and fast transit to NCR towns and meet the high growth in transport demand. Accordingly, NCRTC has been incorporated on 1 August 2013. Mr. Vinay Kumar Singh appointed as the first regular Managing Director of NCRTC in July 2016[1].

RRTS Corridors Prioritized for implementation:

The NCRTC board approved the Detailed Project Report (DPR) for Delhi-Ghaziabad-Meerut RRTS corridor on 6th December 2016.[2] Subsequent to the approval of DPR by States and Union Government, on 8th March 2019, the Hon’ble Prime Minister of India laid the foundation stone of India’s first Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS) between Delhi-Ghaziabad-Meerut. The civil construction work is in progress and the priority section of the corriodor between Sahibabad to Duhai is targetted to be commissioned by 2023.Travel time between the Delhi and Meerut will reduce to less than 60 minutes from the existing around three hours, once this RRTS gets operational.[3]

The second priortized RRTS corridor between Delhi-Gurugram-SNB-Alwar is planned to be executed in three stages. The DPR of first stage between Delhi-Gurugram-SNB was approved by NCRTC Board on 7th December, 2018. Subsequently, the Governments of Haryana, Rajasthan and NCT Delhi approved the DPR of the corridor and it is under active consideration of the Government of India for sanction. The DPR of second stage of this corridor between SNB (Shahjahanpur-Neemrana-Behror Urban Complex) to Sotanala has also approved by NCRTC Board on 13th March, 2020.

The DPR of the third priotized RRTS corridor between Delhi - Panipat is approved by NCRTC Board on 13th March, 2020.

[2]

Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS)[edit]

  • RRTS is a rail-based high speed, high frequency, high capacity, comfortable, air-conditioned, reliable, and safe commuter service connecting regional nodes.
  • Design Speed – 180 km/h, Operational Speed -160 km/h, Average Speed of 100 km/h – Delhi to Meerut in less than 55 minutes
  • Train every ~5-10 minutes; Serving traffic nodes at every 5-10 kms
  • Train Services will not be affected even during extreme weather conditions.
  • RRTS is different from conventional Railway as it will provide reliable, high frequency, point to point regional travel at high speed along a dedicated pathway.
  • RRTS is different from metro as it caters to passengers looking to travel a relatively longer distances with fewer stops and at a higher speed. While metro rail projects generally serve the need of intra-city movement and operate within metropolitan cities like Delhi, Chennai or Kochi, etc.; RRTS will connect suburban and urban centres in NCR and will run from one city centre to another, thus providing a seamless transit network to the entire region.


Unique aspects of RRTS

Interoperability [4]

Waiting time and number of interchanges are two major deterrents in the adoption of any public transport system. To provide seamless movement to the commuters, the three RRTS corridors of phase – 1, i.e. Delhi – Ghaziabad – Meerut, Delhi – Panipat, and Delhi – Gurugram – SNB will be interoperable. The interoperability of the three RRTS corridors will provide a hassle-free, comfortable, and seamless travel experience to the commuters. The commuters would be able to travel from one corridor station to another without interchanging the rail, thus motivating them to leave their private vehicles and switch to RRTS


Multimodal Integration [5]

RRTS stations would be integrated with various modes of public transport systems like Airport, Indian Railway Stations, Inter-State Bus Terminus, Delhi Metro Stations, wherever possible. The integration will facilitate the seamless movement of commuters from one mode of public transport to another. Seamless integration between different modes of transport will encourage people to use public transport. While RRTS will act as a backbone for regional transportation, Delhi Metro lines will complement it by providing feeder dispersal services. The Sarai Kale Khan RRTS station will be a mega terminal where all 3 Phase-I RRTS corridors will merge.


Multimodal Integration of RRTS Stations
RRTS Station Mode of transport with which integration will be provided
Ghaziabad New Bus Adda
New Ashok Nagar New Ashok Nagar Metro Station
Anand Vihar Anand Vihar Metro Station[6], Anand Vihar ISBT[7] and UPSRTC Bus Depot (Kaushambi)[8]
Sarai Kale Khan Line 7 (Pink Line) of Delhi Metro,Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Station and ISBT Sarai Kale Khan
INA Line 2 (Yellow) of Delhi Metro
Aerocity Indira Gandhi International Airport , Airport Express Line of Delhi Metro and Proposed phase IV of Delhi Metro
Udyog Vihar Proposed extension of Gurugram Rapid Metro and Proposed Metro from Gurugram railway station
Kherki Dhaula Toll Proposed Bawal Metro and Proposed Bus Terminus
Panchgao Proposed Bawal Metro, Proposed ISBT and Proposed Multimodal Hub
Bawal Bawal Bus Stand


Operation of RRTS will promote the use of public transport. It will encourage the commuters to leave their private vehicles for public transport.[9]

Option of Business Class: Each RRTS train will have a separate business coach. This will encourage the business class commuters of NCR to switch to public transport for intercity travel.

Comfortable Travel: The air-conditioned RRTS coaches will have transverse seating arrangement with an overhead space for keeping luggage, Wi-Fi connection among other modern amenities.

Women Coach : Each RRTS train will have a separate coach for women travelers just like Delhi Metro.

Universal Accessibility: The entire infrastructure of RRTS either stations or train will be made giving all due importance to universal accessibility.

Need for RRTS Project[edit]

The National Capital Region (NCR) has grown over the years to cover parts of states around Delhi namely, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan. Today the total area which falls under NCR is about 55,083 km2 [3] with the total population of over 4.6 crores (Census 2011). The regional has seen a decadal population growth of ~24% between 2001 and 2011. Entire NCR is an urban agglomeration with an urbanization of about 62%.

Further, in 2007, the number of Passenger vehicles crossing Delhi borders breached 1,100,000 (Eleven Lakhs) per day. This has triggered the need to have effective regional public transport system on a priority.

Benefits of RRTS Project[edit]

Enhanced Economic Activities[edit]

A high-speed, comfortable and affordable mode of transport like RRTS has the potential to change the movement patterns of people and usher-in economic development across the region. With reduced travel times, the overall productivity of the region would improve, leading to improved overall economic activity leading to balanced economic development. The RRTS would lead to a polycentric economic development in a uniform manner across the region.[10]

Lower Emissions[edit]

With a reduced number of private vehicles and shift towards clean transportation system like RRTS, fuel consumption is expected to go down. Low fuel consumption means lower emissions and less pollution.[11]

Technology[edit]

NCRTC will be deploying a state of the art technology to develop rail based rapid transit system with a design speed of 180 kmph. Such a speed will necessarily require grade separated track, latest signaling and control system, to ensure high throughput and safe operation. The rolling stock will be air-conditioned and having capability of acceleration and deceleration. The traction power will be through 25 KV overhead equipment.

Project Cost[edit]

NCRTC will execute three rapid rail corridors to Panipat, Meerut and Alwar from the capital at an estimated cost of about ₹1,00,000 crores.[12] A 103-km stretch between Delhi-Sonipat-Panipat with an estimated cost of ₹30,000 crores. A 168-km stretch between Delhi-Gurgaon-Rewari-Alwar estimated to cost ₹37,500 crores and an 82 km stretch between Delhi-Ghaziabad-Meerut estimated to cost ₹32,500 crores.[12]

History[edit]

RRTS Project - Background[edit]

The Indian Railways had commissioned a study during 1998-99 to identify rail projects for commuter travel in NCR and Delhi. It identified RRTS for connecting NCR towns to Delhi with fast commuter trains. The proposal was re-examined in 2006 in the light of extension of Metro to some of the NCR towns. The Planning Commission formed a Task Force in 2005 under the Chairmanship of Secretary, Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) to develop a multi-modal transport system for National Capital Region (NCR). This was included in the Integrated Transport Plan for NCR 2032 with special emphasis on Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS) connecting regional centers. The Task Force identified 8 corridors and prioritised three corridors namely Delhi-Ghaziabad-Meerut, Delhi-Panipat and Delhi-Gurugram-SNB-Alwar for implementation. In March 2010, National Capital Region Planning Board (NCRPB) appointed M/S Delhi Integrated Multi-Modal Transit System for Delhi-Ghaziabad-Meerut and Delhi-Panipat and M/S Urban Mass Transit Company Limited for Delhi-Gurugram-SNB-Alwar to carry out feasibility study and prepare the Detailed Project Report.

It is being taken up in three phases (I) Delhi to SNB, (II) SNB to Sotanala and (III) to Alwar. The DPR (Detailed Project Report) for the Delhi to SNB (Shahjahanpur-Neemrana-Behror Urban Complex) was approved by the union government in December 2018.[13]

History of NCRTC[edit]

The National Capital Region Transport Corporations (NCRTC) came into existence in 2013. On 11 July 2013 the Union Cabinet approved constitution of National Capital Region Transport Corporation Limited (NCRTC) under the Companies Act, 1956 with initial seed capital of ₹100 crores as per Company Act, 1956 for designing, developing, implementing, financing, operating and maintaining Regional Rapid Transit system (RRTS) in National Capital Region (NCR) to provide comfortable and fast transit to NCR towns and meet the high growth in transport demand. Accordingly, NCRTC has been incorporated on 1 August 2013.[12] This company may form subsidiary companies for implementing each corridor. The seed capital was to be contributed as follows[14]:

Government of India
Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs 22.5%
Ministry of Railways 22.5%
National Capital Region Planning Board 5.0%
State Governments
Government of NCT Delhi 12.5%
Government of Uttar Pradesh 12.5%
Government of Rajasthan 12.5%
Government of Haryana 12.5%

Existing NCR transport system[edit]

The transport system of NCR consists of a road network and rail corridors catering to intra-city, inter-city commuters and long-distance traffic. The freight traffic is also substantial in the region which is mainly carried by road. NCR has a road network of about 36,305 km; a bus fleet of 58,300 buses (registered in NCR), a rail network of more than 1000 km; and an International Airport in Delhi.

Road Network[edit]

The existing road transport network is ‘radial’ in nature. It comprises Expressways, National Highways, State Highways, Major District Roads and Other District Roads. Ministry of Road Transport and Highways vide notification no. S.O.542(E) dated 05.03.2010 rationalized the numbering system of National Highways in India. The revised numbers as well as old number are given in the following table. The old numbers of National Highways are popular and recognizable.

S.No. Roads Name of Roads with old numbers of National Highways ! New Numbers of National Highways
i. National Highways Converging to Meerut & Ghaziabad NH-58 : Delhi-Meerut NH-34 (Ghaziabad-Meerut)
ii. Other National Highways in NCR NH-119 : Meerut-Bijnor & NH-235:Meerut-Hapur-Bulandshahar NH-34 & NH-334

Rail System[edit]

Indian Railways[edit]

The NCR rail network falls under three zonal railways (Northern, North-Western and North-Central) and five divisions. Six rail corridors converge to Delhi and three rail corridors converge to Ghaziabad. The zone-wise rail corridors are as under:

Northern Railway zone North Western Railway zone North Central Railway zone
. Ambala railway division . Delhi railway division . Moradabad railway division . Bikaner railway division . Agra railway division
. Delhi-Faridabad-Palwal . Delhi-Gurgaon-Rewari
. Delhi-Shakurbasti-Rohtak . Delhi-Sonepat-Panipat
. Ghaziabad-Hapur-Garmukteshwar . Meerut -Bulandshahr, Delhi (Shahadara)-Shamli-Saharanpur . Delhi-Ghaziabad-Meerut-Muzaffarnagar(to Saharanpur)
. Rewari-Bhiwadi-Alwar . Palwal-Mathura
. Ghaziabad-Khurja

Intermediate Public Transport System (IPTS)[edit]

A large number of auto-rickshaws, electric rickshaws, and taxis operate in cities and towns within the NCR. On an average, an auto rickshaw carries 96 passengers per day and other vehicles like Rough Terrain Vehicle (RTVs) carry 114 passengers per day in NCR. The Intermediate Public Transport System (IPTS) suffers from many constraints like lack of terminal facilities, technological obsolescence, uneconomical fares, parking etc. There is an urgent need to facilitate growth and operation of IPTS within the NCR for providing last mile connectivity with MRTS, RRTS and Bus System.

Air Transport[edit]

Indira Gandhi International Airport[edit]

Indira Gandhi International Airport (IGIA) is the major airport in NCR. In terms of traffic volume, it is also the largest in India, and handles annually about 50 million (2016)[15] passengers and 0.56 million tonnes of cargo traffic (2011–12). Presently it has three operational runways with a peak hour handling capacity of 75 aircraft movements. There are three separate terminal areas for domestic passengers, international passengers, and cargo. The international passenger traffic at Delhi airport is 30% of the total passenger traffic. However, the international cargo traffic is 65% of the total cargo traffic. The Airport connects 60 destinations all over the globe through 51 international airlines. Of the passenger traffic, about 76% was generated within NCTD, 19% in NCR (excluding NCTD) and 5% beyond NCR (2007). Besides, it is expected to handle a large quantity of cargo on commissioning of Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC). Indira Gandhi International Airport (IGIA), Delhi is the only commercial airport serving NCR. It is the second biggest in the country, handling a passenger traffic of 35.88 million and cargo traffic of 0.56 million tonnes, per annum. IGIA development, operation and management have been privatized. Air traffic is increasing at a high rate and it is estimated that Delhi airport would handle 82.7 million passengers by 2026. Based on the future growth of International Air traffic, a second International Airport in NCR may be developed.

Taj International Airport, Jewar[edit]

The Taj International Airport is a proposed international airport to be constructed in Jewar (56 kilometres (35 mi) from Noida) in Gautam Budh Nagar district of Uttar Pradesh. It is well connected with cities Agra, Bulandshahr, Greater Noida and Palwal. The Jewar airport is 85 kilometres (53 mi) from Indira Gandhi International Airport at Delhi and 280 kilometres (170 mi) from Hisar Airport. In May 2017, the airport was granted approval by the union government cabinet as the second airport for the NCR, to be built by 2022-23 with a capacity to handle 30-50 million passengers per year. This led to the protest from the politicians of Harayana for ignoring Hisar airport for the development.[16][17] In July 2017, the Union Chief Secretary for Aviation warned Uttar Pradesh government to expedite the planning process as Hisar Airport was also pushing for its competing union cabinet approval for another airport for the NCR, thus prolonging the return on investment for both airports due to still-feasible-but-diluted viability for both.[18]

Hisar International Airport[edit]

Hisar Airport is 5 km from the city center of NCR counter magnet city of Hisar and 160 km from IGI Airport at Delhi, and it is being promoted as a major integrated aviation hub with passenger, cargo, MRO and aviation industrial manufacturing facilities.[19] It was built in 1965 over 194 acres (79 ha). [20] In 2002, the Delhi Flying Club (DFC) shifted all its flying activities and aircraft to Hisar from Safdarjung Airport in Delhi.[21]

In 2011, the Government of Haryana invited Request for Qualification (RFQ) from commercial parties for the setting up of Integrated General Aviation hubs as public–private partnerships; with Hisar to be one of the airports to have a hub.[22] Expansion plans entail aircraft maintenance and Fixed Based Operator facilities.[23]

In August 2012, the Directorate General of Civil Aviation approved a state government plan to develop the airport to allow domestic airline services. Its 4,000 feet (1,219 m) runway will be extended to 6,000 feet (1,829 m), to accommodate turboprop aircraft such as the ATR 72 and jets such as the Boeing 737 and Airbus A320.[24] The airport's night flying equipment was also upgraded in 2012.[25] In December 2014, the Government of India commissioned a survey for upgrading Hisar airport (170 kilometres (110 mi) from Delhi) into an International airport; as Hisar is also a Counter Magnet City within the National Capital Region and the Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Project (DMIC).[26] In July 2016, the Chief Minister and Defence Minister announced the commencement of the preparations to start the army airport and army air craft MRO (Maintenance, repair, and operations) at Hisar airport.[19] In 2016-17 budget, the Government of Haryana approved INR 50 crore (INR 500 million) for the development of Hisar airport into an international airport with passenger and cargo operations and 3000 acre MRO (Maintenance, repair, and operations) and Fixed-base Operations (FBO) aerospace industrial park and aviation hub to be developed by the Haryana State Industrial and Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited (HSIIDC).[27][28]

Meerut Airport[edit]

Meerut Airport aka B.R. Ambedkar Airport is situated at Partapur 9 km south of Meerut and 84 km north of IGI Delhi airport, in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The airstrip, spread across 47 acres, is used for unscheduled flights. It has been suggested that the airport be upgraded as a second airport for Delhi. The Airports Authority of India (AAI) had proposed the development of the airport to provide better air connectivity in the western parts of the state, which had already been assessed for up-gradation to cater to scheduled operations. Union civil aviation minister Ajit Singh had urged the State government to handover the airstrip and an additional 427 acres to AAI for development. AAI presented a master plan to the state government in April 2012 seeking the transfer of the airstrip and additional land free of cost and free from all encumbrances. The state had earlier planned to build a new airport of international standard on same location. The state government had issued a notice for appointing a consultant to prepare a comprehensive feasibility project report, a bid document and the concession agreement for the proposed airport. The project would be implemented through public-private partnership on a design, build, finance, operate and transfer basis.

The State Government decided to have an international airport at Meerut based on a study conducted on the area's traffic density. Following this, the ministry of civil aviation gave its in-principle approval. The need for a second airport on the fringes of the national capital region has been a long-standing demand of the Uttar Pradesh government, especially in view of the burgeoning air traffic at Delhi airport. The proposed airport will not only cater to the industrial towns of western Uttar Pradesh but would also be of immense relief to neighbouring Uttarakhand.

Bhiwadi Greenfield Airport[edit]

The proposed Bhiwadi Greenfield Airport, located at Bhiwadi between Rewari and Palwal, is being positioned as an alternative cargo and passenger airport for the Delhi and NCR by the Rajasthan government. Union government has not provided any approval yet.

NCR Proposed Transport Plan[edit]

The NCR Proposed Transport Plan is a plan for the development of the transport network across the National Capital Region in India.

The NCR Planning Board had prepared a Functional Plan on Transport for National Capital Region with perspective year 2032, which is an Integrated Multimodal Transport Plan (IMTP). The Functional Plan was prepared after review of demand and supply of transport infrastructure in NCR. The Functional Plan was approved by the NCR Planning Board in November 2009. The Plan recommended an Integrated Multi-Modal Transportation System for NCR to improve the mobility of both people and goods. It also recommended systematic development of the Transport System for fast and efficient movement of traffic, particularly for commuter traffic and to achieve sustainable development of the region. The Plan comprises the following components:

1. Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS) 7. Bus Terminals
2. New Rail Lines 8. Logistic Hubs
3. Regional Mass Rapid Transit System (MRTS) 9. Integrated Freight Complexes
4. Up-gradation of Roads 10. Highway Facilities Centres, and
5. Expressways 11. Airports
6. Bus Transport System

The Plan was circulated for implementation to NCR participating State Governments in July 2010, February 2011 and December 2011. It was also circulated to the Ministry of Railways and the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways in February 2011 and in January 2012.

Objective[edit]

Objectives of the Transport Plan are: (i) to provide an efficient and economical rail- and road-based transportation system (including mass transport systems) well-integrated with the landuse patterns to support balanced regional development; (ii) to provide accessibility to all parts of the region and discourage transit of passengers and goods through the core area of NCT-Delhi by constructing Peripheral Expressways/ bypasses and thereby opening new areas for economic development; (iii) to provide a suitable public transport system in NCR to shift people from private transport to public transport, and (iv) to reduce vehicular air pollution.

Transport plan for NCR[edit]

Road System[edit]

Expressways, Regional Arterial and Regional Sub-Arterial Roads[edit]

Road Network forms the main component of Functional Plan on Transport for NCR-2032. A hierarchical classification comprising Regional Expressways, Regional Arterials, Regional Sub-Arterials, Regional Collectors / Distributors and Regional Access Roads is proposed. An extensive Regional Expressway Network extending over a length of 1107 km is proposed. At the second level, the existing radial National Highway corridors converging into Delhi and circular National Highways are proposed to be developed as part of Regional Arterials.

S. No. Expressways & Regional Expressways (Greenfield Alignments) Length (Km) ROW (m) Type Status
1 Ganga Expressway (within NCR)* 65.0 100 Greenfield
2 Yamuna Expressway (within NCR)* 65.0 100 Greenfield Operational
3 Western Peripheral Expressway 135.6 100 Greenfield Operational 2017
4 Eastern Peripheral Expressway 136.0 100 Greenfield Operational 2017
5 Panipat Elevated Expressway 10.00 100 Greenfield Operational
6 Delhi - Ghaziabad 15.34 100 Greenfield Awarded
7 Ghaziabad - Delhi - Meerut 33.21 100 Greenfield Awarded
8 Ghaziabad - Hapur 25.90 100 Greenfield
9 Khurja - Bulandshahr - Hapur - Meerut 72.44 100 Greenfield
10 Meerut - Baghpat - Sonepat 37.48 100 Greenfield
11 Delhi - Baghpat 36.28 100 Greenfield
12 Khurja - Jewar - Noida 65 100 Greenfield
13 Delhi - Sonipat - Panipat (NH-1) 69.75 100 Greenfield
14 Panipat - Rohtak (NH-71A) 71 100 Greenfield

In addition to above, NHAI has recently proposed Delhi-Jaipur Expressway. On this Expressway, two spurs to connect Bhiwadi (38 km) and Jhajjar (25 km) are also proposed in NCR. The total length of Delhi-Jaipur Expressway in NCR including the two spurs will be 130 km. It is proposed to provide access to Behror from this expressway with a small spur. Government of Rajasthan has also proposed a 100 m wide link road of expressway standard between Neemrana and Bhiwadi. The proposed phase-wise programme for development of Regional Arterial roads in NCR is shown in Table. In case RoW is not available, elevated roads could be considered for increasing the number of lanes.

S. No. Regional Arterials Length (km) ROW (m)
1 Ghaziabad - Meerut (NH-58) 53.0 60
2 Hapur - Meerut (NH-235) 33.0 60
3 Meerut - Garhmukteshwar - Bulandshahr 93.0 60
4 Meerut - Haridwar (NH-58) (till NCR Border) 19.0 60
5 Meerut - Hastinapur - Bijnor(NH-119) 50.0 60
6 Loni - Baghpat - Baraut - Till NCR Border 68.0 60

Regional Rail System[edit]

Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS)[edit]

The rail-based inter- regional commuter demand in NCR is estimated to be 1.7 million passengers per day by 2032.

Phase I (Implementation)[edit]

NCRTC, AdIF (Spain) and SNCF (France) signed collaboration agreements and were already undertaking studies, planning and preparation (Dec 2017):[29][30][31]

  • Speed (kmph): 180 design, 160 operational and 100 average speed
  • Trains: 6 cars carrying total 1,154 passengers
  • Frequency: 5 – 10 minutes
  • Ease: Point-to-point trains, no change of trains
  • Tracks: Underground and elevated
  • Route & length: map (legends: BTK (Bhiwadi-Tapukara-Khushkhera), MBIR (Manesar Bawal Investment Region), SNB (Nangal Shahbazpur border), RGEU (Rajiv Gandhi Education & University) city)
Sl No. RRTS Corridors (Phase 1) Length (km)[29][30][31] Stations Cost[29][30][31] Construction Start[29][30][31] Completion[29][30][31] Project Updates[29][30][31]
1. Delhi-Ghaziabad-Meerut 82 km (51 mi) 16 325,980 million (equivalent to 370 billion or US$5.2 billion in 2019) Jan 2019 2025 As on May 2020: The construction of India’s first Regional Rail corridor is in full swing. Construction of Viaduct Segments are in progress at Casting yards for Package 1 & 2 situated at Vasundhara, Ghaziabad. The fabrication of launching girder is near completion and is likely to be erected shortly. On the 17-km long prioritized section between Sahibabad and Duhai around 1200 piles have been laid and 20 piers erected. Viaduct superstructure will be launched soon. While this part of the corridor will become operational by 2023, the commercial operations on the entire Delhi-Meerut corridor will commence by 2025.


Priority Section has been divided into two packages – Package I (From Vaishali to Ghaziabad via Sahibabad) and Package II (From Ghaziabad to EPE). It has four stations – Sahibabad, Ghaziabad, Guldhar and Duhai. Construction work is underway for all the four stations.


Road widening work is underway between Duhai to Shatabdi Nagar while utility diversion and pile load test is in progress at different locations between Duhai to Modipuram. UPPTCL Electrical High-Tension line of 220kV, double-circuit at Sahibabad - Muradnagar near Arthala (Ghaziabad) has been shifted recently. It was very critical and sensitive, given the presence of double track crossing of Indian Railways. With this, a total of 17 lines have been shifted to date for the execution of the RRTS project in a time-bound manner.


Crucial bids including the construction of Depot cum Workshop near Duhai RRTS Station (Package 5A) of Delhi - Ghaziabad - Meerut RRTS Corridor, construction of elevated viaduct from Sarai Kale Khan station to New Ashok Nagar DN Ramp including Jangpura Entry ramp and two elevated stations viz., Sarai Kale Khan and New Ashok Nagar amongst others have been invited and are under process.

2. Delhi-Sonipat-Panipat 103 km (64 mi) 16 300,000 million (equivalent to 340 billion or US$4.7 billion in 2019) 2019 2025 Haryana Govt approved the extension of corridor upto Karnal ( as of Jan 2020).
3. Delhi-Gurgaon-Rewari-Alwar 164 km (102 mi) 22 375,390 million (equivalent to 420 billion or US$5.9 billion in 2019) 2019 2025 The Detailed Project Report of Phase-1 of this corridor (Delhi-Gurugram-SNB) has been approved by the respective state governments and is under active consideration of Central government. Pre-construction work like Geo-Technical Investigation, Pile Loading Test and mapping of underground utilities are underway on this corridor.


Site offices at Gurugram and Delhi are operational and first civil construction package is in advance stages of finalisation.


BIds are invited for:

* the engagement of Detailed Design Consultant for Civil, Architectural and E &M work for the design of seven no. elevated stations (Panchgaon, Bilaspur, Dharuhera, MBIR, Rewari, Bawal and SNB and Dharuhera Depot,

* engagement for proof checking consultant for Civil, Structural Design of elevated Viaduct from Delhi (SKK) to SNB (73 Km) and 10 elevated stations and one depot at Dharuhera

* execution of enabling civil works and works related to utilities shifting such as water pipeline, stormwater drain, gas pipelines, etc. and associated electrical and telecom work between Sarai Kale Khan-IDPL Complex and IDPL Complex and SNB.

Total 54

Phase II[edit]

Corridors identified for second phase, with no budgetary approval as of July 2017, are:[32][33]

Sl No. RRTS Corridor Length (km) Stations Note
1. Delhi-Rohtak Delhi-Bhadurgarh-Rohtak ~66 km (41 mi) TBD Proposed Phase III extension to Hisar, ~94 km (58 mi)
2. Delhi-Palwal Delhi-Faridabad-Ballabgarh-Palwal ~86 km (53 mi) TBD
3. Ghaziabad-Khurja Ghaziabad-Bulandshahr- Khurja ~66 km (41 mi) TBD
4. Ghaziabad-Hapur Ghaziabad-Hapur ~40 km (25 mi) TBD
5. Delhi-Baraut Delhi-Shahadra-Baraut ~54 km (34 mi) TBD
6. Delhi-Jewar Delhi-Noida-Greater Noida-Jewar ~67 km (42 mi) TBD

Orbital Rail Corridor[edit]

In view of recommendations of the Functional Plan on Transport for NCR-2032, the earlier Orbital Corridor proposed in Regional Plan for NCR-2021 has been revised and following two Orbital Rail corridors have been proposed: i. Regional Orbital Rail Corridor (RORC) ii. Inner Regional Orbital Rail Corridor (IRORC)

Regional Orbital Rail Corridor (RORC)[edit]

The Regional Orbital Rail Corridor (RORC) connecting Panipat-Gohana-Rohtak-Jhajjar-Rewari-Palwal-Bhiwadi-Khurja-Bulandshahr-Hapur-Meerut-Panipat enables movement of passenger and goods at the regional level avoiding Delhi area. RORC also interconnects the Regional Centers which would increase their accessibility and potential for growth.

Inner Regional Orbital Rail Corridor (IRORC)[edit]

In addition to RORC, five following rail lines within NCR are proposed to strengthen the connectivity of the rail system which will form Inner Regional Orbital Rail Corridor (IRORC).

Other New Rail Line[edit]

The Sonepat-Jind line via Gohana is completed and trains are running on this rail track. The corridor-wise estimated passenger loading excluding freight traffic with implementation phasing of RORC, IRORC and new rail line is shown in Table

New Rail Links Length (KM) Status
Panipat-Meerut line (IRORC)* 110 km (68 mi)
Meerut-Sonepat line via Baghpat (IRORC) 66 km (41 mi)
Meerut-Hastinapur line 45 km (28 mi)
Khurja-Noida line 65 km (40 mi)
Bulandshahr-Chola line 17 km (11 mi)

Implementation[edit]

The current proposed RRTS by Government will have travel time of Delhi-Panipat and Delhi-Meerut in 1 hour and Delhi-Alwar in 2 hours. This will result in facilitating seamless travel of people between the CBD and suburbs in NCR. Recently all state governments have approved the alignments of the three Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS) corridors. These corridors will connect the capital with Panipat, Meerut and Alwar. These three alignments were recommended by the National Capital Regional Planning Board (NCRPB).

In its 36th meeting of the NCRPB held under the chairmanship of Union Urban Development Minister Venkaiah Naidu, the Board gave nod for implementation of three RRTS Corridors - Delhi-Alwar, Delhi-Panipat and Delhi-Meerut. Further, Minister Naidu said issues related to Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS), a rail-based system, have been resolved and further work on these three corridors, namely, Delhi-Alwar, Delhi-Panipat and Delhi-Meerut could be started immediately.[34] The minister also said that Managing Director of the NCRTC, Undertaking entrusted with the implementation of the RRTS, has been appointed and implementation of RRTS corridors will commence shortly. Indian Railway officer Shri. Vinay Kumar Singh has been appointed as the Managing Director of the Company, who assumed office in July, 2016.[35][36]

Integrated Public Transport System[edit]

Map showing the three proposed RRTS lines along with Metro and Indian Railways services

Rapid Rail Transit System (RRTS) across the world (USA, Europe, China, Japan, etc.) have become successful. For their best utilization and patronage, it is essential that they are tightly integrated with the other public transport by sharing the stations or having underground pedestrian passage which can connect different kinds of public transport systems, like Stockholm Central Station. Ease of use, speed of travel, one pass for all public transport and the information regarding the waiting time for the next service makes the public transport successful. Metro, Light Rail, Mono Rail, Airport link, Bus(Local and long distance), long distance Train, Bicycle Parking, Taxi and auto rickshaw all needs to be integrated to make the Rapid Rail Transit System (RRTS) the vehicle to integrate the NCR region. Integration and seamless transfer of passengers from other public transport to the Rapid Rail Transit System (RRTS) will determine the patronage of the Rapid Rail Transit System (RRTS).

Transit-oriented Development (ToD)[edit]

Many property related transactions and activities are happening in and around Delhi, especially in NCR region. The RRTS corridor development offers potential for increase in land value. Further, New development and /or townships can come around transit nodes along the corridor.

Government and NCRTC, on the lines of DMRC, is expected to explore opportunity to monetize transit-oriented development opportunities to partly finance the project cost and also fund development of future corridors.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Railway officer Vinay Kumar Singh to head NCRTC". The Economic Times. 21 February 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  2. ^ "NCRTC | NCRTC News". ncrtc.in. Retrieved 15 January 2017.
  3. ^ "Regional Rapid Transportation System will take you from Delhi to Meerut in 35 minutes - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 15 January 2017.
  4. ^ India, Press Trust of (24 August 2019). "All RRTS corridors will be interoperable: NCRTC". Business Standard India. Retrieved 2 June 2020.
  5. ^ "Great move! India's 1st rapid rail corridors in Delhi to be linked to Delhi Metro, Indian Railways stations". The Financial Express. 18 June 2019. Retrieved 2 June 2020.
  6. ^ "Anand Vihar metro station", Wikipedia, 29 January 2020, retrieved 25 May 2020
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  8. ^ "UPSRTC". www.upsrtc.com. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  9. ^ May 8, Sidharatha Roy | TNN | Updated:; 2020; Ist, 08:49. "Double impact: Delhi-Meerut RRTS to offer comfort, speed | Delhi News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 25 May 2020.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link) CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  10. ^ "Regional Rapid Transit System: Information, Routes, Fares and Project Updates". Urban Transport News. Retrieved 3 June 2020.
  11. ^ ANI (29 October 2018). "Rising vehicular emission a major contributor in Delhi NCR's air pollution". Business Standard India. Retrieved 3 June 2020.
  12. ^ a b c Standard, Business. "Rapid transport system in NCR takes a step ahead with formation of NCRTC | Business Standard". wap.business-standard.com. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  13. ^ NCRTC board approves Delhi-Gurugram-SNB RRTS corridor worth Rs 24975 cr, 7 Dec 2018.
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  15. ^ IGI first in India to cross 5cr flyer mark
  16. ^ Centre has overlooked Haryana's interests: Deepinder Hooda , Catch news. 5 July 2017.
  17. ^ "UP govt revives Jewar airport project, survey to start today". Daily News Analysis. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
  18. ^ Aviation secy tells UP to form Jewar airport SPV, Yamuna Authority’s hands full, money Control News, 10 July 2017.
  19. ^ a b Panchkula to have military medical college, Publication: The Tribune newspaper, Publication Date: 4 July 2016, Access Date: 4 July 2016
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  22. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 June 2013. Retrieved 13 May 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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  25. ^ "Haryana to fly high with 3 new airports - The Times of India". The Times Of India.
  26. ^ Hisar aerodrome being considered for international airport, says MLA - by HT Correspondent, Hindustan Times on 2 December 2014, www.hindustantimes.com Archived 11 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  27. ^ Haryana to develop international airport at Hisar, Published on March 2016
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  29. ^ a b c d e f [1], 1 Dec 2017.
  30. ^ a b c d e f On track: Direct trains on high-speed rail corridor to and from most NCR towns, Hindustan Times, 28 November 2017.
  31. ^ a b c d e f High speed rail link by 2023 to cut journey time to 30 minutes at 100 km/h between Kashmere Gate and Gurgaon, Economic Times, 23 April 2017.
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  33. ^ Delhi to Alwar in 104 minutes: Rapid rail proposal moves to approval stage, Hindustan Times, 22 April 2017.
  34. ^ Standard, Business. "NCRPB approves 3 RRTS corridors, metro projects loan repayment | Business Standard". wap.business-standard.com. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
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  36. ^ UK, DVV Media. "Singh to lead Delhi regional rail project". Railway Gazette. Retrieved 12 February 2017.

External links[edit]