National Centre for Infectious Diseases

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National Centre for Infectious Diseases
Ministry of Health (Singapore)
Singapore National Centre for Infectious Diseases Logo.png
NCID and CHI.jpg
A view of the National Centre for Infectious Diseases and Centre for Healthcare Innovation
Geography
Location16 Jalan Tan Tock Seng, Singapore 308442, Singapore
Coordinates1°19′13″N 103°51′3″E / 1.32028°N 103.85083°E / 1.32028; 103.85083Coordinates: 1°19′13″N 103°51′3″E / 1.32028°N 103.85083°E / 1.32028; 103.85083
Services
Beds330
Links
Websitencid.sg

The National Centre for Infectious Diseases (Abbreviation: NCID), previously known as the Communicable Disease Centre (Malay: Pusat Penyakit Berjangkit; Simplified Chinese: 传染病中心; Tamil: தொற்றுநோய் மையம்), is a division of the Ministry of Health located in Tan Tock Seng Hospital in Novena, Singapore. All patients who are affected with highly contagious diseases are quarantined at the NCID and the centre is used to control an outbreak of such diseases.[1] In 2003, the centre was initially used to quarantine patients with highly infectious diseases such as severe acute respiratory syndrome.[2] On 13 December 2018, CDC ceased operations and transferred all existing functions to National Centre for Infectious Diseases.[3]

History[edit]

The NCID was known as the Middleton Hospital when it first opened in 1907 to function as an isolation camp. The centre became a branch of Tan Tock Seng Hospital (TTSH) in 1985, was renamed the Communicable Disease Centre (CDC), and came under the management of the National Healthcare Group.[4] On 1 April 1995, it came under TTSH's direct administration.[5]

In March 2003, CDC was the central point of Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak in Singapore. As fully isolated rooms were limited, existing HIV patients had to be moved elsewhere within the centre while patients with skin conditions had to be discharged to make way to quarantine suspected SARS patient.[2] As the outbreak wore on, TTSH took over as the main hospital to quarantine and treat SARS patients on 22 March 2003.[6][7]

On 13 August 2003, an existing TTSH block adjacent to the CDC was renovated to be used as containment wards and served as CDC 2.[4] This block was initially refurnished for Ren Ci Community Hospital, the SARS outbreak put a break to the plan.[8]

On 13 December 2018, CDC ceased operations as a medical facility, concluding its 111 years of operations.[3] All operations moved to the National Centre for Infectious Diseases, a new building opposite the main Tan Tock Seng Hospital building. Operational in May 2019, the new facility has 330 bed capacity and is designed to manage an outbreak of the size of the SARS outbreak.[9]

On 7 September 2019, the National Centre for Infectious Diseases was officially opened by Minister for Health Gan Kim Yong. It has state-of-the-art technologies and tracks patients in the building to prevent the spread of outbreaks. In addition, the building houses Singapore's first high-level isolation unit for highly contagious, even lethal diseases like Ebola.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lai, Linette (7 September 2019). "New infectious disease centre tracks everyone in the building in case of outbreak". The Straits Times. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  2. ^ a b Tai, Janice (15 October 2018). "Harbhajan Singh: A lifetime of nursing work helped when Sars struck". The Straits Times. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  3. ^ a b Neo, Xiaobin (17 December 2018). "Farewell, Black Lion of Moulmein: Old compound of Communicable Disease Centre closes". The Straits Times. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  4. ^ a b "Communicable Disease Centre | Infopedia". eresources.nlb.gov.sg. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  5. ^ "Communicable Disease Centre comes under TTSH's wings". eresources.nlb.gov.sg. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  6. ^ Chee, Yam Cheng (November 2003). "SARS @ TTSH (Part 8)" (PDF). SMA News. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  7. ^ Seow, E. (1 November 2003). "SARS: experience from the emergency department, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore". Emergency Medicine Journal. 20 (6): 501–504. doi:10.1136/emj.20.6.501. ISSN 1472-0205. PMC 1726235. PMID 14623831.
  8. ^ "The Chronicles of CDC 2 (Part 2) - Tan Tock Seng Hospital". www.ttsh.com.sg. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  9. ^ Kurohi, Rei (16 January 2019). "New centre to bolster Singapore's infectious disease management". The Straits Times. Retrieved 7 March 2019.