National Cheng Kung University
Motto in English
|Intellectual Development through Persistent Pursuit of Knowledge|
|Location||East District, Tainan, Taiwan|
|Campus||Urban, 1.83 km²|
Taiwan Comprehensive University System
|National Cheng Kung University|
National Cheng Kung University (NCKU; Chinese: 國立成功大學; pinyin: Guólì Chénggōng Dàxué)[note 1] is a research-led comprehensive university in Tainan, Taiwan. It is named after the given name of Koxinga, a Chinese military leader who drove the Dutch colonists from Taiwan and founded the Kingdom of Tungning.
NCKU is one of the most prestigious universities in Taiwan, with a high reputation in science, engineering, medicine, management, planning and design. U.S. News & World Report ranked it the #22 Best Global University for Engineering and Computer Science in 2014. Times Higher Education- QS World University Rankings and Performance Ranking of Scientific Papers for World Universities, NCKU was ranked second or third among all universities in Taiwan. Many surveys throughout the years have shown that its students are most desired by Taiwanese companies. NCKU has 9 colleges, 40 departments, 82 graduate institutes, and 54 research centers, and it is also a major university, educational, and area-network center in Taiwan.
NCKU is among the four universities of the Taiwan Comprehensive University System.
Currently, there are about 22,000 students at National Cheng Kung University in 9 colleges, 40 departments, 82 graduate institutes, and 55 research centers. Starting from 2006, the Ministry of Education has offered NCKU NT$1.7 billion annually for five consecutive years for its excellent academic performance and potential.
National Cheng Kung University was originally established under Japanese rule in January 1931 as Tainan Technical College (臺南高等工業學校). In 1942, the school was renamed to (臺南工業專門學校). After the Japanese handover of Taiwan, the school name was renamed to Taiwan Provincial Tainan Junior College of Technology (Chinese: 臺灣省立臺南工業專科學校) in March 1946, and then to Taiwan Provincial College of Engineering (臺灣省立工學院) in October the same year.
When the government of the Republic of China moved to Taiwan in 1949, it was one of the three existing colleges in Taiwan. As the number of colleges expanded, it was upgraded to a provincial university in 1956 as Taiwan Provincial Cheng Kung University (臺灣省立成功大學), and then a national university in 1971 as National Cheng Kung University (國立成功大學). Former Minister for Education Wu Jin served as the first president of the new National Cheng Kung University.
NCKU has 11 campuses: Cheng-Kung, Sheng-Li, Kuang-Fu, Cheng-Xin, Tzu-Chiang, Ching-Yeh, Li-Hsing, Dong Ning, Kuei-Jen, An-Nan and Dou-Liou Campuses.
On January 12, 2011, the Y. S. Sun Green Building Research Center was inaugurated. It is the world's first green educational center as well as Taiwan's first zero carbon building. The 4,800 m2 (52,000 sq ft)-facility cost NT$30 million (US$4.41 million) to construct, far below the original NT$180 million budget. Natural ventilation, limited power usage, reduced window size, and energy efficient lighting all contribute to the building's carbon neutrality.
The university has 9 colleges:
- College of Liberal Arts
- College of Social Science
- College of Management
- College of Sciences
- College of Engineering:The Department of Engineering has been established since 1931
- College of Medicine
- College of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
- College of Planning & Design
- College of Bioscience & Biotechnology
- Shih-An Wang (1946–1952)
- Ta-Chun Chin (1952–1957)
- Cheng-Hsing Yen (1957–1965)
- Yun-Ping Lo (1965–1971)
- Chao Nee (1971–1978)
- Wei-Noon Wang (1978–1980)
- Han-Min Hsia (1980–1988)
- Jer-Ru Maa (1988–1994)
- Jin Wu (1994–1996)
- Ting-Chia Huang (acting) (1996-1996)
- Cheng-I Weng (1997–2000)
- Hung-Shan Weng (acting) (2000–2001)
- Chiang Kao (2001–2007)
- Michael Ming-Chiao Lai (2007–2011)
- Fan Chih-ku, Administrative Deputy Minister of Transportation and Communications
- Samuel C. C. Ting, Nobel Prize laureate, attended NCKU prior to moving back to the United States
- Pai Hsien-yung and Cheng Nan-jung majored in engineering for one year in NCKU before they changed their interest to humanities
- Chu Ching-wu, Superconductor Physicist, President of Taiwan Comprehensive University System
- Lung Ying-tai, former Minister of Culture
- Lee Wo-shih, former Magistrate of Kinmen County
- Wang Chien-shien, former President of Control Yuan
- Wu Po-hsiung, former Mayor of Taipei and Chairman of Kuomintang
- Chung Laung Liu, computer scientist
- C. Y. Lee directed the design of Taipei 101, the world's second tallest, fully inhabited skyscraper
- Lin Hsin-i, Chairman of the Industrial Technology Research Institute, President of China Motor Corporation
- Lin Yi-bing, Vice President of the Office of Research and Development at the National Chiao Tung University
- Tze-Chiang Chen, IBM Fellow, Vice President of Science and Technology at Thomas J. Watson Research Center, IBM Research Division
- Ken P. Chong, Director of the Division of Mechanics and Materials at the U.S. National Science Foundation
- Mao Chi-kuo, former Premier of the Republic of China
- Chang Chia-juch, Minister of Economic Affairs
- Chen Hsiung-wen, Minister of Labor
- Hsu Hsin-ying, founder and Chairperson of Minkuotang
- Wen Ho Lee, nuclear physicist accused of spying for the PRC against the United States
- The name of the university is translated using Chinese word order. By English grammar rules, it is Cheng Kung National University.
- "校務基本資料 (School Profile)". National Cheng Kung University. Retrieved 2014-06-20.
- Dr. Chin-Cheng Chen, ed. (April 2011), NCKU Advancing (PDF), Dr. Hwung-Hweng Hwung, p. 2, ISBN 978-986-01-5608-9, retrieved 2014-06-20
- http://web.ncku.edu.tw/files/15-1000-117702,c14444-1.php. Missing or empty
- U.S. News & World Report 2014 Global Universities Ranking
- Performance Ranking of Scientific Papers for World Universities
- Mao, Huan-wen (2005-06-09). "Universities get opportunity to excel". Taipei Times. Retrieved 2008-03-21.
- "Former Education Minister Wu Jin dies at 74". China Post. 2008-01-16. Retrieved 2008-01-21.
- "Quirky but efficient, Taiwan's first carbon neutral building opens". Focus Taiwan News Channel. 2011-01-13. Retrieved 2011-01-13.
- Grace Kuo (2011-01-07). "NCKU completes Taiwan’s first zero-carbon building". Taiwan Today. Retrieved 2011-01-08.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to National Cheng Kung University.|
- Official website (in English and Traditional Chinese)
- NCKU Office of International Affair
- NCKU's masters & PhD English international-business program website
- Spring Semester 2009: Application Instructions for International Degree Students
- Office of International Affairs, NCKU
- Three universities in central and southern Taiwan forge alliance