National Coca Company

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The National Company of the Coca (Spanish: Empresa Nacional de la Coca, ENACO) is a Peruvian state company dedicated to the commercialization of the coca leaf and derivatives. It is the only state company that has a monopoly on the commercialization and derivatives of the coca leaf. It was created in 1949.[1] In 1982, it became a state company under private law.

It has a list of 31,000 legal producers of coca leaf in Peru, who export between 130,000 and 150,000 kilos of coca leaves annually directly to the Stepan Company.[2][3] The Stepan Company extracts the cocaine for medicinal use. In 2002, a company called Kokka Royal Food & Drink began selling KDrink, which is a coca leaf-infused energy drink, similar to Coca Colla in Bolivia.[4][5]

Nonetheless, much of this cocaine enters the black market.[6] In 2004, one estimate was 83%.[7] The operation of the company is specified in Law 22095.

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  1. ^ Engelke, Beatriz Ferreira; Gentner, Walter A. (January 1991). "Determination of Cocaine in 'Mate de Coca' Herbal Tea". Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 80 (1): 96. doi:10.1002/jps.2600800123. PMID 2013859.
  2. ^ "Limitaciones de Enaco generan mercado paralelo de hoja de coca en Perú | Economía |". Archived from the original on 2016-08-26. Retrieved 2019-03-16.
  3. ^ "The prohibition of coca leaves is an out-dated, colonial heirloom".
  4. ^ Forero, Juan (10 June 2004). "New Peruvian Soft Drink Packs a Punch". The New York Times.
  5. ^ "Company - KDrink". Archived from the original on 2020-02-22. Retrieved 2020-02-22.
  6. ^ ""Al campesino no le queda otra alternativa que vender su coca al narcotráfico... Enaco paga un bajo precio"". 11 August 2015.
  7. ^ ?