National Coca Company

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The National Company of the Coca (ENACO) is a Peruvian state company dedicated to the commercialization of the coca leaf and derivatives. It is the only state company that has a monopoly on the commercialization and derivatives of the coca leaf. It was created in 1949.[1] In 1982, it became a state company under private law.

It has a list of 31,000 legal producers of coca leaf in Peru, who export between 130,000 and 150,000 kilos of coca leaves annually directly to the Stepan Company.[2][3] The Stepan Company extracts the cocaine for medicinal use. In 2002, a company called Kokka Royal Food & Drink began selling KDrink, which is a coca leaf-infused energy drink, similar to Coca Colla in Bolivia.[4][5]

Nonetheless, much of this cocaine enters the black market.[6] In 2004, one estimate was 83%.[7] The operation of the company is specified in Law 22095.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Engelke, Beatriz Ferreira; Gentner, Walter A. (January 1991). "Determination of Cocaine in 'Mate de Coca' Herbal Tea". Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 80 (1): 96. doi:10.1002/jps.2600800123.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-08-26. Retrieved 2019-03-16.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ https://www.talkingdrugs.org/the-prohibition-of-coca-leaves-is-an-out-dated-colonial-heirloom
  4. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2004/06/10/business/new-peruvian-soft-drink-packs-a-punch.html
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2020-02-22. Retrieved 2020-02-22.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ https://larepublica.pe/politica/576620-al-campesino-no-le-queda-otra-alternativa-que-vender-su-coca-al-narcotrafico-enaco-paga-un-bajo-precio
  7. ^ ?