National Commission for Backward Classes
National Commission for Backward Classes is an Indian statutory body established on 14 August 1993, under the provisions of National Commission for Backward Classes Act, 1993 (Act No. 27 of 1993). The commission was the outcome of the direction of the Supreme Court in the Mandal case judgement. The number of backward castes in Central list of OBCs has now increased to 5,013 (without the figures for most of the Union Territories) in 2006 as per National Commission for Backward Classes. In October 2015, National Commission for Backward Classes proposed that a person belonging to OBC with an annual family income of up to Rs 15 lakh should be considered as minimum ceiling for OBC. NCBC also recommended sub-division of OBCs into 'backward', 'more backward' and 'extremely backward' blocs and divide 27% quota amongst them in proportion to their population, to ensure that stronger OBCs don't corner the quota benefits.
The commission has five members: a Chairperson who is or has been a judge of the Supreme Court or of a High Court; a social scientist; two persons, who have special knowledge in matters relating to backward classes; and a Member-Secretary, who is or has been an officer of the Central Government in the rank of a Secretary to the Government of India. Their term is of Three years.
- Chairperson — Justice Vangala Eshwaraiah
- Secretary — Shri A. K. Mangotra
- Member — S.K.Kharventhan
- Member — A. K. Saini
- Member — Shakeel-uz-Zaman Ansari
Functions and power
The commission considers inclusions in and exclusions from the lists of communities notified as backward for the purpose of job reservations and tenders the needful advice to the Central Government as per Section 9(1) of the NCBC Act, 1993.. Similarly, the states have also constituted commissions for BC's. As of 24 July 2014[update] over two thousand groups have been listed as OBCs. Both the National Commission for Backward Classes and National Commission for Scheduled Castes have the same powers as a Civil Court. National Commission for Backward Classes has not yet been empowered to look into the grievances of persons of Other Backward Classes. Under Article 338(5) read with Article 338(10) of the Constitution, National Commission for Scheduled Castes is the competent authority to look into all the grievances, rights and safeguards relating to Backward Classes.
- Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011
- Other Backward Classes
- Creamy layer
- Tamil Nadu Backward Classes Commission
- ""Time to curb number of backward castes"".
- "OBC panel backs off, won't make 'creamy layer' reservation criteria stringent".
- "OBC sub-division, relaxing creamy layer is a must: NCBC tells govt".
- "Organisation chart". Retrieved 3 May 2012.
- "National Commission for Backward Classes". Press Information Bureau . 24 July 2014. Retrieved 26 July 2014.