National Cultural Heritage Act
|National Cultural Heritage Act|
|Congress of the Philippines|
|An Act Providing for the Protection and Conservation of the National Cultural Heritage, Strengthening the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA) and its affiliated cultural agencies, and for other purposes.|
|Citation||Republic Act No. 10066|
|Enacted by||House of Representatives of the Philippines|
|Date enacted||December 14, 2009|
|Enacted by||Senate of the Philippines|
|Date signed||March 26, 2010|
|Signed by||Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo|
|Date commenced||April 10, 2010|
|Bill introduced in the House of Representatives of the Philippines||House Bill 6733|
|Bill citation||An Act Providing for the Protection and Conservation of the National Cultural Heritage, Strengthening the National Cultural Agencies, and for other purposes|
|Bill published on||August 25, 2009|
|Introduced by||Sonny Angara (Aurora)|
|First reading||August 26, 2009|
|Second reading||August 15, 2009|
|Third reading||October 5, 2009|
|Bill introduced in the Senate of the Philippines||An Act Providing for the Protection and Conservation of the National Cultural Heritage, Strengthening the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA) and its affiliated cultural agencies, and for other purposes.|
|Bill citation||Senate Bill 3014|
|Bill published on||January 26, 2009|
|Introduced by||Edgardo Angara|
|First reading||January 26, 2009|
|Second reading||February 2, 2009|
|Third reading||February 9, 2009|
|Conference committee bill passed||December 11, 2009|
|Date passed by conference committee||November 10, 2009|
|Philippine Registry of Cultural Property, cultural preservation|
|Status: In force|
The National Cultural Heritage Act (with the designation of Republic Act No. 10066) is a law, or Republic Act, of the Republic of the Philippines. It created the Philippine Registry of Cultural Property and took other steps to preserve historic buildings that are over 50 years old. It was signed into law on March 25, 2009.
The Philippine Registry of Cultural Property registers all cultural properties of the country, which the National Commission for Culture and the Arts is mandated to establish and maintain through the appropriate cultural agencies and local governments.
A house that has significant importance to the Filipino culture is declared to be a "Heritage House" by the National Historical Commission of the Philippines (NHCP), previously known as the National Historical Institute. Historical markers are placed on the houses by the commission to indicate their significance, Ancestral homes that have figured in an historic event, house such as the Bonifacio Trial House in Maragondon, Cavite, or houses of national heroes of the Philippines like the Juan Luna Shrine in Badoc, Ilocos Norte are included among the categories "National Shrines" or "National Historical Landmarks".
The act also requires:
- That for "cultural property declared as Immovable Cultural Property, the appropriate cultural agency shall, after registration, give due notice to the Registry of Deeds having jurisdiction for annotation on the land titles..."
- That "Local government units, through their cultural offices, shall likewise maintain an inventory of cultural property under its jurisdiction and shall furnish the Commission a copy..."
- That "All government agencies and instrumentalities, [ government owned and controlled corporations]...including public and private educational institutions, shall report their ownership and/or possession of such items to the pertinent cultural agency and shall register such properties within three (3) years from the effectivity of this Act."
- That "Private collectors and owners of cultural property shall register such properties, within three (3) years from the effectivity of this Act. The private collectors and owners of cultural property shall not be divested of their possession and ownership...even after registration of said property..." and that information on such private property "shall remain confidential and may be given only upon prior consent of the private owner."
The act defines "cultural property" as "all products of human creativity by which a people and a nation reveal their identity, including churches, mosques and other places of religious worship, schools and natural history specimens and sites, whether public or privately-owned, movable or immovable, and tangible or intangible." It deems all heritage structures, which are at least 50 years old, as presumed important cultural properties despite non-declaration by cultural agencies. Nonetheless, the government mandates all local government units to register these presumed important cultural properties to the database of the National Commission for Culture and the Arts for cultural documentation and conservation.
The citizen retains the ownership of the house; the government is only declaring the heritage value of the structure and providing funding for its protection and preservation.
- List of National Cultural Treasures in the Philippines
- List of historical markers of the Philippines
- List of Cultural Properties of the Philippines
- Ancestral houses of the Philippines
- Villalon, Toti (July 15, 2012). "Remember jai alai: Stop making Manila heritage demolition victim". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
- Henares, Ivan (15 April 2010). "Republic Act No. 10066 - National Cultural Heritage Act of 2009". Ivan about Town. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
- Bonvito (2010-04-23) "Text of the Philippine National Cultural Heritage Law". Time Traveling. Retrieved on 2010-10-26.
- "Touring the Ancestral Houses of Silay, Negros Occidental". Travelog Philippines. Retrieved on 2011-10-26.
- "Bonifacio Trial House". National Historical Commission. Retrieved on 2011-10-27.
- "Juan Luna Shrine". National Historical Commission. Retrieved on 2011-10-27.
- "Shrines and Landmarks". National Historical Commission of the Philippines. Retrieved on 2011-10-26.
- Section 14, Republic Act No. 10066.
- Republic Act No. 10066
- (2010-09-03). "No ownership change in ‘RA 10066 declaration’". Inquirer.net. Retrieved on 2011-10-26.
- Text of the Act online from the Heritage Conservation Society. For a pdf file of the act, go to the Senate of the Philippines website
- Implementing Rules and Regulations of the National Cultural Heritage Act on the National Commission for Culture and the Arts home page