National Day of Catalonia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"Diada" redirects here. For savings bank, see Diada (savings bank).
National Day of Catalonia
Official name National Day of Catalonia Catalan: Diada Nacional de Catalunya
Also called Diada, Onze de Setembre
Observed by Catalonia (Spain)
Significance Commemorates the fall of Barcelona during the War of the Spanish Succession in 1714 and the subsequent lost of Catalan liberties, institutions and laws.
Date 11 September
Next time 11 September 2017 (2017-09-11)
Frequency annual
Floral offerings to the monuments of the commander in chief of the Catalan troops during the Siege of Barcelona Rafael Casanova in Barcelona
Fossar de les Moreres, general view
Floral offerings to the monument of Rafael Casanova by President of Catalonia, Artur Mas, in 2013. On the right, Mossos d'Esquadra in gala dresses

The National Day of Catalonia[1] (Catalan: Diada Nacional de Catalunya [diˈaðə nəsiuˈnaɫ də kətəˈɫuɲə]) is a day-long festival in Catalonia and one of its official national symbols. It commemorates the defeat of Catalonia during the War of the Spanish Succession. The Catalan troops that initially fought in support of the Habsburg dynasty's claim to the Spanish throne were finally defeated at the Siege of Barcelona by the army of the Bourbon king Philip V of Spain on 11 September 1714 after 14 months of siege. That meant the loss of the Catalan constitutions under the aegis of the Nueva Planta decrees. The holiday was first celebrated on 11 September 1886, was suppressed by the Franco dictatorship in 1939 and reinstated in 1980 by the autonomous government of Catalonia, the Generalitat de Catalunya, upon its restoration after the Franco dictatorship.[2]

Independentist organizations and political parties traditionally lay floral offerings at the monuments of the leaders of the defence of the city Rafael Casanova and General Moragues for their fight against the king Philip V of Spain. Typically, Catalan nationalists organize demonstrations and meet at the Fossar de les Moreres of Barcelona, where they pay homage to the defenders of city who died during the siege and were buried there. Throughout the day, there are independentist demonstrations and cultural events in most of Catalan villages and many citizens wave senyeres and estelades.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

  1. ^ National Day of Catalonia - Generalitat de Catalunya
  2. ^ "Onze de Setembre", in: Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana (online)