National Day of Remembrance and Action on Violence Against Women
|National Day of Remembrance and Action on Violence Against Women|
|Genre||Violence against women|
|Inaugurated||1991 by the Parliament of Canada|
|Organized by||Parliament of Canada|
|Website||National Day of Remembrance and Action on Violence Against Women at Status of Women Canada|
The National Day of Remembrance and Action on Violence Against Women (French: Journée Nationale de Commémoration et d'Action Contre la Violence à l'Égard des Femmes), also known informally as White Ribbon Day (Jour du Ruban Blanc), is a day commemorated in Canada each December 6, the anniversary of the 1989 École Polytechnique massacre, in which armed student Marc Lépine murdered fourteen women and injured ten others in the name of "fighting feminism". The commemoration date was established by the Parliament of Canada in 1991. The legislation was introduced in the House of Commons as a private member's bill by Dawn Black, Member of Parliament for New Westminster-Burnaby, British Columbia, and received all-party support.
Canadian flags on all federal buildings – including the Peace Tower on Parliament Hill in Ottawa, Ontario – are flown at half-mast on December 6. Canadians are encouraged to observe a minute of silence on December 6 and to wear a white ribbon (or a purple ribbon) as a commitment to end violence against women.
The victims of the 1989 massacre were Geneviève Bergeron, 21; Hélène Colgan, 23; Nathalie Croteau, 23; Barbara Daigneault, 22; Anne-Marie Edward, 21; Maud Haviernick, 29; Barbara Klucznik, 31; Maryse Laganière, 25; Maryse Leclair, 23; Anne-Marie Lemay, 22; Sonia Pelletier, 23; Michèle Richard, 21; Anne St-Arneault, 23; and Annie Turcotte, 21.
In response to the event, many Canadians have worked hard to establish memorial sites all across the country to ensure that people will become more aware of the incident that occurred. This is intended to force society to recognize how often violence occurs towards women and to appreciate the lives of the women who were killed. Feminism advocates and activists trying to stop violence directed towards women have shown concern about using the massacre to solely represent violence against women. The details of the event may over-shadow the deeper meaning of the day.
The day is aimed to examine the power dynamics between men and women. The news took the ascribed perspective of the killer having mental problems. This effectively dismissed feminist analyses stating that the killer went to this extent to proclaim his anti-feminist opinion. Every act that exists on the spectrum of violence against women happens due to women being viewed as less human than men. That is why the National Day of Remembrance and Action on Violence Against Woman stands for more than simply one massacre. It stands for awareness and change against the violence that occurs to women all around the world at the hands of men. Thirty-five percent of women worldwide have experienced physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence or non-partner sexual violence, according to the United Nations. This day stands for change and for awareness of the power dynamic existing between men and women all over the world.
- International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women on November 25
- Public holidays in Canada
- Stop Violence Against Women, a campaign of Amnesty International
- White Ribbon Campaign
- Staff (undated) "The 16 Days of Activism Against Gender Violence" Archived 2013-09-10 at the Wayback Machine. Status of Women Canada. Retrieved December 6, 2011. "December 6 is the National Day of Remembrance and Action on Violence Against Women in Canada. Established in 1991 by the Parliament of Canada, this day marks the anniversary of the murders in 1989 of 14 young women at l'École Polytechnique de Montréal. They died because they were women at the hands of Marc Lépine, a troubled young man who blamed his failures in life on women."
- Sourour, Teresa K. "Report of Coroner's Investigation" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 December 2016. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- Bindel, Julie (2012-12-03). "The Montreal massacre: Canada's feminists remember". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-10-07.
- Rosenberg, Sharon (1998). "Reflections on Demoralizing December 6". ProQuest.
- Blais, Melissa (Autumn 2009). "Masculinism and the Massacre at the École Polytechnique de Montréal". Rain and Thunder.
- THÉRIAULT, ANNE (6 December 2017). "Remember the Women of the Montreal Massacre by More Than Just Their Names". Flare.
- "Domestic (Intimate Partner) Violence Fast Facts". CNN. 1 June 2018.
- National Day of Remembrance and Action on Violence Against Women at Status of Women Canada
- Rosenberg, Sharon (1998). "Reflections on memorializing December 6". Resources for Feminist Research. Toronto. 26 (3/4): 203–212. ProQuest 194881366.