National Day of Remembrance and Action on Violence Against Women
|National Day of Remembrance and Action on Violence Against Women|
|Genre||Violence against women|
|Inaugurated||1991 by the Parliament of Canada|
|Organized by||Parliament of Canada|
|Website||National Day of Remembrance and Action on Violence Against Women at Status of Women Canada|
The National Day of Remembrance and Action on Violence Against Women, also known informally as White Ribbon Day, is a day commemorated in Canada each December 6, the anniversary of the 1989 École Polytechnique massacre, in which armed student Marc Lépine murdered fourteen women and injured ten others in the name of "fighting feminism". The commemoration date was established by the Parliament of Canada in 1991. The legislation was introduced in the House of Commons as a private member's bill by Dawn Black, Member of Parliament for New Westminster-Burnaby, British Columbia, and received all-party support.
Canadian flags on all federal buildings – including the Peace Tower on Parliament Hill in Ottawa, Ontario – are flown at half-mast on December 6. Canadians are encouraged to observe a minute of silence on December 6 and to wear a white ribbon (or a purple ribbon) as a commitment to end violence against women.
The victims of the 1989 massacre were Geneviève Bergeron, 21; Hélène Colgan, 23; Nathalie Croteau, 23; Barbara Daigneault, 22; Anne-Marie Edward, 21; Maud Haviernick, 29; Barbara Klueznick, 31; Maryse Laganière, 25; Maryse Leclair, 23; Anne-Marie Lemay, 22; Sonia Pelletier, 23; Michèle Richard, 21; Anne St-Arneault, 23; and Annie Turcotte, 21.
In response to the event, many Canadians have worked hard to establish memorial sites all across the country, to ensure that people will become more aware of the incident that occurred, to force society in recognizing how often violence occurs towards women, and to appreciate the lives of the women who were killed.
- International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women on November 25
- Public holidays in Canada
- Stop Violence Against Women, a campaign of Amnesty International
- White Ribbon Campaign
- Staff (undated) "The 16 Days of Activism Against Gender Violence" Archived 2013-09-10 at the Wayback Machine.. Status of Women Canada. Retrieved December 6, 2011. "December 6 is the National Day of Remembrance and Action on Violence Against Women in Canada. Established in 1991 by the Parliament of Canada, this day marks the anniversary of the murders in 1989 of 14 young women at l'École Polytechnique de Montréal. They died because they were women at the hands of Marc Lépine, a troubled young man who blamed his failures in life on women."
- Sourour, Teresa K. "Report of Coroner's Investigation" (PDF). Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- Bold, Christine; Knowles, Ric; Leach, Belinda (2002). "Feminist Memorializing and Cultural Countermemory: The Case of Marianne's Park". Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society. 28: 125. doi:10.1086/340905. JSTOR 10.1086/340905.
- National Day of Remembrance and Action on Violence Against Women at Status of Women Canada
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