National Defence University, Pakistan

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National Defence University
NDU
National Defence University, Pakistan Logo.png
Seal of the NDU
Motto "Taught Man Which He Knew Not" [Al-Quran (30:96:5)]
Type Public/Military Staff college
Established 1970 (1970)
Academic affiliation
HEC
Chancellor President of Pakistan
President Lieutenant-General Nazir Ahmed Butt
Location Islamabad, Pakistan
Campus Urban
Colors Green, White, Khaki
            
Website www.ndu.edu.pk

The National Defence University (NDU), is a public/military institution of advance and higher education located in Islamabad, Pakistan.[1]

The NDU provides comprehensive and critical learning in formulating and developing the defence strategy as well national security understanding to joint military leadership of Pakistani military.

Founded in 1970 as the staff college, it gained university status in 2007 and it is jointly funded by HEC and MoD.[2] Chartered by the President of Pakistan as its Chancellor and the Joint Chiefs of Staff, its current president is Lieutenant-General Nazir Ahmed Butt.[3]

The university's mission is to impart higher education in policy and strategy formulation at various tier with emphasis on national security and defence, and act as a national think tank.[4]

Location[edit]

The NDU is a Pakistani military institution founded in 1963, when the 1st Army War Course started at the Command and Staff College, Quetta. Subsequently, in 1971, a dedicated National Defence College was established at the old building of the National Assembly of Pakistan in Rawalpindi. In 1995, the National Defence College shifted to its present campus at the foothills of Margalla, Islamabad.

By a decree of the Government of Pakistan, the National Defence College was upgraded as the National Defence University. An Ordinance to this effect was signed on 27 January 2007, by the President of Pakistan.

The management of the National Defence University is vested in a three Star General from the Pakistan Army, who is called the President. He is also the head of the faculty. The university is organized into four constituent colleges/institutes:

  • National Security College
  • Armed Forces War College
  • Faculty of Contemporary Studies (FCS)
  • Institute of Strategic Studies; Research and Analysis (ISSRA)
Organization of NDU

There are three affiliated colleges:

The National Security College, Armed Forces War College and Faculty of Contemporary Studies (FCS) are the instructional colleges for conducting studies in Defence and Social Sciences, whereas the ISSRA acts as a brain and think-tank apart from conducting the National Security & Media Workshops, Capstone Courses and Symposia/Seminars.

The Headquarters/Administrative Wing provides administrative and technical support to the entire university. The Wing is headed by a one Star General officer.

History[edit]

The origin of the National Defence University goes back to 1963, when the 1st Army War Course started at the Command and Staff College, Quetta. Subsequently, in 1971, a dedicated National Defence College was established at the old building of the National Assembly of Pakistan in Rawalpindi. In 1995, the National Defence College shifted to its present campus at the foothills of the Margalla, Islamabad. The NDU stands established in the same campus.

Courses[edit]

Between 1972 and 2009, the NDU program comprised two courses: the War Course which focused on purely military strategy, and the broader National Defence Course which covered strategic and socioeconomic issues. In 2010, the two courses were combined into the National Security and War Course (NSWC)of 48 weeks on an annual basis. The course starts in August and ends in June. Since 1988, officers from friendly countries (such as Nigeria, Malaysia, Jordan) have also attended courses at the National Defence University. So far 3061 participants have graduated from the National Defence University. This includes, 469 officers from the 39 friendly countries and 570 participants of National Security Workshops. Today, the NDU trains the entire military leadership and the bulk of the civilian leadership. An officer cannot become general unless he graduates from the NDU[5]

Thirteen National Security Workshops, each of 6 weeks duration, are held annually.

[edit]

National Defence University building

The Jasmine wreath in gold is placed upon the green background of the national color. Three services colors are represented in the centre, signifying inter-services organisation. A crossed sword and pen placed up the lower portion of the shield represent honour, strength and achievement through learning. The motto is inscribed in gold letters on the top centre of the shield.

Role as a Think Tank[edit]

The NDU acts as a national think tank on national security matters. Input is provided to the government and armed forces. The NDU maintains academic links with national think tanks and defence universities of friendly countries.

Motto[edit]

Taught man that which he knew not [Al-Quran (30:96:5)]

Faculty of Contemporary Studies (FCS)[edit]

The Faculty of Contemporary Studies (FCS) was formally inaugurated on 3 September 2008.

Courses

Faculty of Contemporary Studies is offering the below mentioned courses at BS, M.Sc, M.Phil and PhD.

  • Government and Public Policy
  • International Relations
  • Leadership and Management Studies
  • Peace and Conflict Studies
  • Strategic and Nuclear Studies

Institute for Strategic Studies Research and Analysis (ISSRA)[edit]

DG ISSRA

Major General Noel Israel Khokhar, HI (M) the Director General Institute for Strategic Studies Research and Analysis (DG ISSRA) join Pakistan Army on 24 October 1980. During his illustrious military career, he has attended courses related to military training and educational opportunities as junior as well as senior military commander in prestigious national as well as international institutions. The General Officer is a graduate of Command & Staff College Quetta, French Staff College Paris, National Defence University Islamabad, Royal College of Defence Studies (RCDS) United Kingdom London. The General has served on varied command and staff appointments to include command of an Infantry Division, an Infantry and Artillery Brigade, as well as Chief of Staff of 10 Corps. The officer has served as Instructor in Pakistan Military Academy, Command and Staff College Quetta and Armed Forces War Course and Chief Instructor for National Security and War Course at National Defence University, Islamabad. He has been a frequent guest speaker on numerous international seminars and conferences on various subjects.

Courses

Under the ISSRA, following courses have been offered

  • National Security and War
  • National Security Workshop
  • National Media Workshop
  • Information Operations Course

Sahibzada Yaqub Khan (SYK) Library[edit]

Founded in 1970, the National Defence University Library Islamabad, over the years progressed and expanded significantly. It is now one of the well organized academic cum research libraries of the defence institutions and the capital as well. Its collection is a blend of books, research papers, professional journals, newspaper clippings and digital databases. The library is stocked with 70,000 books, professional journals and other materials on subjects of interest including military history, defence and security studies, nuclear studies, international relations, peace and conflict studies, governance and public policy, economics, politics, international relations, Pakistan affairs, Islam, etc. The books have been classified using Dewey Decimal Classification Scheme (DDC).

Commandants/Presidents[edit]

  1. Lt Gen Abdul Hameed Khan, July 1970 – December 1970
  2. Maj Gen Nasir Ahmad Chaudhri, April 1972 – July 1974
  3. Maj Gen M Rahim Khan, July 1974 – August 1975
  4. AVM Michael John O'Brian, September 1975 – April 1976
  5. Lt Gen Azmat Bakhsh Awan, April 1976 – October 1978
  6. Maj Gen Anwar Masood, October 1978 – September 1979
  7. Lt Gen Ejaz Azim, September 1979 – April 1980
  8. Maj Gen Nishat Ahmed, April 1980 – June 1984
  9. Lt Gen S M H Bokhari, June 1984 – January 1988
  10. Lt Gen Muhammad Safdar, January 1988 – July 1989
  11. Lt Gen Syed Zakir Ali Zaidi, August 1989 – June 1990
  12. Lt Gen Rehm Dil Bhatti, September 1990 – February 1993
  13. Lt Gen Asad Durrani, February 1993 – May 1993
  14. Lt Gen Iftikhar Ali Khan, May 1993 – June 1993
  15. Lt Gen Syed Tanwir Husain Naqvi, June 1994 – January 1996
  16. Lt Gen Muhammad Maqbool, February 1996 – June 1998
  17. Lt Gen Mahmud Ahmed, June 1998 – October 1998
  18. Lt Gen Salahuddin Tirmizi, October 1998 – March 2000
  19. Lt Gen Saeed Uz Zafar, March 2000 – October 2000
  20. Lt Gen Javed Hassan, October 2000 – January 2004
  21. Lt Gen Tariq Waseem Ghazi, January 2004 – October 2004
  22. Lt Gen Shahid Hamid, October 2004 – November 2005
  23. Lt Gen Raza Muhammad Khan, November 2005 – June 2007
  24. Lt Gen Muhammad Hamid Khan, July 2007 – October 2009
  25. Lt Gen Muhammad Yousaf, October 2009 – September 2010
  26. Lt Gen Agha Muhammad Umer Farooq, October 2010 – July 2012
  27. Lt Gen Nasser Khan Janjua, July 2012 – August 2013
  28. Lt Gen Javed Iqbal, August 2013 – April 2015
  29. Lt Gen Anwar Ali Hyder, May 2015 – April 2016
  30. Lt Gen Nazir Ahmed Butt, April 2016 – present

Publications[edit]

  • NDU Journal is an annual feature of the university which is based on the research papers by the participants of the National security and war Course. The publications provide ideas on issues of national, regional and international significance.
  • Margalla papers is an annual publication of the National Defence University based on articles written by prominent scholars and writers of the country.
  • ISSRA Paper is a bi-annual paper based on research carried out by researchers of Institute for Strategic Studies, Research and Analysis (ISSRA).
  • NDU Monograph is a scholarly researched essay on an issue related to the national security.
  • NDU Newsletter provides a forum for information, discussion and debate on topical issues impacting the national security.
  • The University describes research on the development of policies on key issues facing the country.

Notable alumni and faculty[edit]

Pakistan Army

Generals

Lieutenant Generals

Major Generals

Brigadiers

Pakistan Air Force


Pakistan Navy

Civil Servants

Lawyers

Parliamentarians

  • Dr Shahzad Waseem
  • Maulana Abdul Ghafoor Haidri
  • Mr Sanaullah Baloch
  • Mr Babar Khan Ghauri
  • Mr Omar Ayub Khan
  • Mr Muhammad Hanif Abbasi
  • Mr Amanullah Kanrani
  • Engineer Aamir Muqam
  • Miss Anisa Zeb Tahirkheli

References[edit]

  1. ^ Google maps. "University address". https://www.google.com/maps/. Google maps. Retrieved 26 March 2015.  External link in |website= (help)
  2. ^ HEC, Higher Education Commission. "HEC affiilated insitutitions". http://www.hec.gov.pk/. Higher Education Commission Press. Retrieved 26 March 2015.  External link in |website= (help)
  3. ^ NDU President. "President of the National Defence University". http://www.ndu.edu.pk/. President of the National Defence University. Retrieved 26 March 2015.  External link in |website= (help)
  4. ^ "University mission and vision". http://www.ndu.edu.pk/. University mission and vision. Retrieved 26 March 2015.  External link in |website= (help)
  5. ^ Aqil Shah, The Army and Democracy: Military Politics in Pakistan |(Harvard University Press, 2014), p. 201 [1] ISBN 9780674728936

External links[edit]