National Defence and Security Council

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National Defence and Security Council
အမျိုးသား ကာကွယ်ရေးနှင့် လုံခြုံရေး ကောင်စီ
[əmjóðá kàkwɛ̀jé n̥ḭɴ lòʊɴdʑòʊɴjé kàʊɴsì]
Agency overview
Formed31 March 2011; 8 years ago (2011-03-31)
TypeAgency
JurisdictionGovernment of Myanmar
HeadquartersNaypyidaw
Agency executive

The National Defence and Security Council (Burmese: အမျိုးသား ကာကွယ်ရေးနှင့် လုံခြုံရေး ကောင်စီ, Burmese pronunciation: [əmjóðá kàkwɛ̀jé n̥ḭɴ lòʊɴdʑòʊɴjé kàʊɴsì]; abbreviated NDSC) is an eleven-member national security council responsible for security and defence affairs in Myanmar. NDSC serves as the highest authority in the Government of Myanmar, as an executive body that has disproportionate membership consisting of Tatmadaw members.[1] NDSC was formed on 31 March 2011.[2][3] Of the 11 members, the Commander-in-chief appointed 5 members and controls 6 votes.[3][4] The Tatmadaw directly reports to NDSC.[5] The NDSC's existence is enshrined in Chapter V of the Constitution of Myanmar.[6]

The NDSC's constitutionally enshrined roles include expansive powers:

  • Recommend pardonees for the President to grant amnesty[6][7]
  • Approve the President's act of severing foreign diplomatic relations[6]
  • Coordinate with the President to take military action against aggressors[6]
  • Approve the Tatmadaw's ability to conscript citizens[6]
  • Approve the President's nomination for Commander-in-Chief of the Tatmadaw[6]
  • Coordinate with the President in declaring a state of emergency[6]
  • Exercise legislative, executive and judiciary powers during a state of emergency[6]
  • Exercise sovereign power during a state of emergency[6]

Members[edit]

According to the Constitution, NDSC's membership must consist of the following individuals:

  • The President
  • First Vice-President
  • Second Vice-President
  • Speaker of the Pyithu Hluttaw
  • Speaker of the Amyotha Hluttaw
  • Commander-in-Chief of the Defence Services
  • Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Defence Services
  • Minister for Defence
  • Minister for Foreign Affairs
  • Minister for Home Affairs
  • Minister for Border Affairs

National Defence and Security Council of Win Myint (2018–present)[edit]

Position Name
President Win Myint
First Vice President Myint Swe
Second Vice President Henry Van Thio
Speaker of the House of Representatives of Myanmar T Khun Myat
Speaker of the House of Nationalities Mahn Win Khaing Than
Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services Min Aung Hlaing
Deputy Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services Soe Win
Minister of Defence Sein Win
Minister of Home Affairs Kyaw Swe
Minister of Foreign Affairs Aung San Suu Kyi
Minister of Border Affairs Ye Aung

National Defence and Security Council of Htin Kyaw (2016–2018)[edit]

Position Name
President Htin Kyaw
First Vice President Myint Swe
Second Vice President Henry Van Thio
Speaker of the House of Representatives of Myanmar Win Myint
Speaker of the House of Nationalities Mahn Win Khaing Than
Armed Forces Commander-in-Chief Min Aung Hlaing
Armed Forces Deputy Commander-in-Chief Soe Win
Minister of Defence Sein Win
Minister of Home Affairs Kyaw Swe
Minister of Foreign Affairs Aung San Suu Kyi
Minister of Border Affairs Ye Aung

National Defence and Security Council of Thein Sein (2011–2016)[edit]

As of 9 July 2013, NDSC was composed of the following members:[8][9][10]

Position Name
President Thein Sein
First Vice President Tin Aung Myint Oo(2011–2012)
Sai Mauk Kham
Second Vice President Nyan Tun
Speaker of the Pyithu Hluttaw Shwe Mann
Speaker of the Amyotha Hluttaw Khin Aung Myint
Armed Forces Commander-in-Chief Min Aung Hlaing
Armed Forces Deputy Commander-in-Chief Soe Win
Minister of Defence Wai Lwin
Minister of Home Affairs Ko Ko
Minister of Foreign Affairs Wunna Maung Lwin
Minister of Border Affairs Thet Naing Win

References[edit]

  1. ^ MacDonald, Adam P (1 May 2013). "The Tatmadaw's new position in Myanmar politics". East Asia Forum. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  2. ^ "Myanmar forms national defense, security council". People's Daily. 1 April 2011. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  3. ^ a b Htun Aung Gyaw (21 February 2014). "Myanmar's constitutional crisis reaching boiling point". The Nation. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  4. ^ Sithu Aung Myint (20 May 2015). "Coalition government: just a fantasy?". Myanmar Times. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  5. ^ Weiss, Stanley A (4 March 2013). "Myanmar: A nation at war with itself". Myanmar Times. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Constitution of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar" (PDF). Ministry of Information. September 2008. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  7. ^ Soe Than Lynn (24 October 2011). "More amnesties planned, says Thura U Shwe Mann". Myanmar Times. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  8. ^ "National Defense and Security Council (NDSC)". Alternative Asean Network on Burma. 9 July 2013. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  9. ^ "အမျိုးသားကာကွယ်ရေးနှင့် လုံခြုံရေးကောင်စီဖွဲ့စည်းခြင်း (ကြေညာချက်အမှတ် ၉/၂ဝ၁၁)". နိုင်ငံတော်သမ္မတရုံး. ၆ ဧပြီ ၂၀၁၁. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  10. ^ "အမျိုးသားကာကွယ်ရေးနှင့် လုံခြုံရေးကောင်စီတွင် အဖွဲ့ဝင် ပြင်ဆင်ဖွဲ့စည်းခြင်း (ကြေညာချက်အမှတ် ၃/၂၀၁၂)". နိုင်ငံတော်သမ္မတရုံး. ၁၆ သြဂုတ် ၂၀၁၂. Check date values in: |date= (help)

See also[edit]