National Defense Authorization Act

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The National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) is the name for each of a series of United States federal laws specifying the annual budget and expenditures of the U.S. Department of Defense. The first NDAA was passed in 1961.[1][2] The U.S. Congress oversees the defense budget primarily through two yearly bills: the National Defense Authorization Act and defense appropriations bills. The authorization bill determines the agencies responsible for defense, establishes funding levels, and sets the policies under which money will be spent.[3]

In recent years each NDAA also includes provisions only peripherally related to the Defense Department, because unlike most other bills, the NDAA is sure to be considered and passed so legislators attach other bills to it.

2000s legislation[edit]

The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (H.R. 3304; NDAA 2014) was a United States federal law that specified the budget and expenditures of the United States Department of Defense (DOD) for Fiscal Year 2014. The law authorized the DOD to spend $607 billion in Fiscal Year 2014.[4] On December 26, 2013, President Barack Obama signed the bill into law.[5] This was the 53rd consecutive year that a National Defense Authorization Act has been passed.[4]

The Howard P. "Buck" McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 was one of the proposed NDAA bills for fiscal year 2015. On May 8, 2014, the House Armed Services Committee ordered the bill reported (amended) by a vote of 61-0.[6] The Committee spent 12 hours debating the bill and voting on hundreds of different amendments before voting to pass it.[7]

Notable or controversial NDAA legislation[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "History of the NDAA". Retrieved August 4, 2017.
  2. ^ DeBruyne, Nese F. (April 19, 2018). Defense Authorization and Appropriations Bills: FY1961-FY2018. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  3. ^ Williams, Lynn B.; Heitshusen, Valerie (November 28, 2016). Defense Primer: Navigating the NDAA (PDF). Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 11 November 2018.
  4. ^ a b Bennett, John T. (20 December 2013). "With Just Days to Spare, Senate Extends NDAA Streak". DefenseNews. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  5. ^ "Statement by the President on H.R. 3304". White House Office of the Press Secretary. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  6. ^ "H.R. 4435 - All Actions". United States Congress. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
  7. ^ Medici, Andy (15 May 2014). "11 things you probably didn't know were in the National Defense Authorization Act of 2015". Federal Times. Archived from the original on 15 May 2014. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
  8. ^ Zachary Bell (December 19, 2012). "NDAA's indefinite detention without trial returns". Salon.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]