John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019
|Long title||An Act to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2019 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes.|
|Enacted by||the 115th United States Congress|
|Public law||Pub.L. 115–232 (text) (pdf)|
|Statutes at Large||132 Stat. 1636 through 132 Stat. 2423|
The John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (NDAA 2019) is a United States federal law which specifies the budget, expenditures and policies of the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) for fiscal year 2019. It was signed by President Donald Trump during a ceremony in Fort Drum, New York on August 13, 2018.
A Senate version of the bill contained provisions blocking a proposed settlement to lift an export denial order affecting Chinese telecommunications equipment company ZTE. The provision was not included in the final version, but section 889 does maintain a provision banning the federal government from purchasing equipment from certain Chinese vendors due to security concerns, including Huawei and ZTE, as well as any surveillance equipment for the purposes of national security from Dahua Technology, Hytera, and Hikvision.
The Senate passed it on August 1, 2018 with a vote of 87–10.
President Donald Trump signed the NDAA 2019 into law on August 13, 2018.
Section 8005 of the 2019 NDAA became a key component of the legal conflict over allocation of funds for construction of the Mexico–United States barrier between the Trump administration, a coalition of several states, and several non-governmental organizations. After failing to have obtain funding for the wall from other appropriations bills by the end of 2019, Trump signed the National Emergency Concerning the Southern Border of the United States on February 15, 2019 to state that building the wall was a national emergency. He asserted that Section 8005 of the 2019 NDAA, which states "[t]hat such authority to transfer may not be used unless for higher priority items, based on unforeseen military requirements, than those for which originally appropriated and in no case where the item for which funds are requested has been denied by the Congress", allowed him re-allocate about US$8 billion in funds from the Defense Department, including US$3.6 billion allocated for military construction and US$2.5 billion for drug rehab programs, to the Department of Homeland Security to construct the wall as an "unforeseen" requirement. The legal challenge, Trump v. Sierra Club, has currently been accepted by the Supreme Court to be heard during the 2020-21 term.
- "President Signs Fiscal 2019 Defense Authorization Act at Fort Drum Cer". U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
- "Senate rejects Trump's plan to lift ZTE export ban". Ars Technica. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
- "China Contributing $500 Million to Trump-Linked Project in Indonesia". National Review. May 14, 2018. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
- "New law bans US gov't from buying tech from Chinese giants ZTE and Huawei". Ars Technica. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
- "Details for H.R. 5515: John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 - GovTrack.us". GovTrack.us. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
- Williams, Pete (October 19, 2020). "Supreme Court to take up Trump border wall spending, asylum enforcement". NBC News. Retrieved October 19, 2020.