John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019

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John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019
Great Seal of the United States
Long titleAn Act to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2019 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes.
Enacted bythe 115th United States Congress
Citations
Public lawPub.L. 115–232 (text) (pdf)
Statutes at Large132 Stat. 1636 through 132 Stat. 2423
Legislative history
  • Introduced in the House as National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (H.R. 5515) by Mac Thornberry (RTX) on April 13, 2018
  • Committee consideration by House Armed Services Committee
  • Passed the House on May 24, 2018 (351–66)
  • Passed the Senate as the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 on June 18, 2018 (85–10)
  • Reported by the joint conference committee on July 25, 2018; agreed to by the House on July 26, 2018 (359–54) and by the Senate on August 1, 2018 (87–10)
  • Signed into law by President Donald Trump on August 13, 2018
President Donald Trump speaking to Fort Drum soldiers and personnel during a signing ceremony for the NDAA 2019.

The John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (NDAA 2019) is a United States federal law which specifies the budget, expenditures and policies of the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) for fiscal year 2019. It was signed by President Donald Trump during a ceremony in Fort Drum, New York on August 13, 2018.[1]

Background[edit]

A Senate version of the bill contained provisions blocking a proposed settlement to lift an export denial order affecting Chinese telecommunications equipment company ZTE. The provision was not included in the final version, but section 889 does maintain a provision banning the federal government from purchasing equipment from certain Chinese vendors due to security concerns, including Huawei and ZTE, as well as any surveillance equipment for the purposes of national security from Dahua Technology, Hytera, and Hikvision.[2][3][4]

Legislative history[edit]

House vote[edit]

H.R.5515, the version of the NDAA 2019 which was reported by the House Armed Services Committee, was passed by the House of Representatives on July 26, 2018 in a 359–54 vote.[5]

Senate vote[edit]

The Senate passed it on August 1, 2018 with a vote of 87–10.[5]

Presidential signature[edit]

President Donald Trump signed the NDAA 2019 into law on August 13, 2018.

Legal history[edit]

Section 8005 of the 2019 NDAA became a key component of the legal conflict over allocation of funds for construction of the Mexico–United States barrier between the Trump administration, a coalition of several states, and several non-governmental organizations. After failing to have obtain funding for the wall from other appropriations bills by the end of 2019, Trump signed the National Emergency Concerning the Southern Border of the United States on February 15, 2019 to state that building the wall was a national emergency. He asserted that Section 8005 of the 2019 NDAA, which states "[t]hat such authority to transfer may not be used unless for higher priority items, based on unforeseen military requirements, than those for which originally appropriated and in no case where the item for which funds are requested has been denied by the Congress", allowed him re-allocate about US$8 billion in funds from the Defense Department, including US$3.6 billion allocated for military construction and US$2.5 billion for drug rehab programs, to the Department of Homeland Security to construct the wall as an "unforeseen" requirement. The legal challenge, Trump v. Sierra Club, has currently been accepted by the Supreme Court to be heard during the 2020-21 term.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "President Signs Fiscal 2019 Defense Authorization Act at Fort Drum Cer". U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  2. ^ "Senate rejects Trump's plan to lift ZTE export ban". Ars Technica. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
  3. ^ "China Contributing $500 Million to Trump-Linked Project in Indonesia". National Review. May 14, 2018. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
  4. ^ "New law bans US gov't from buying tech from Chinese giants ZTE and Huawei". Ars Technica. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
  5. ^ a b "Details for H.R. 5515: John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 - GovTrack.us". GovTrack.us. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  6. ^ Williams, Pete (October 19, 2020). "Supreme Court to take up Trump border wall spending, asylum enforcement". NBC News. Retrieved October 19, 2020.