Public holidays in Nepal
Public offices and most private businesses in Nepal operate six days a week and only close on Saturdays. International organizations have their own rules, and normally close on Saturdays and Sundays. Government holidays for the upcoming year are published in Nepal Gazette. Nepal celebrates a number of religious and non-religious holidays. On most of these holidays, most government offices and private institutions are closed, although is not mandatory for privately owned businesses to close and international organizations may operate their own calendar.
Some of these events are region, religion or gender specific. For example, a certain holiday in Nepal can only be for women.
The longest consecutive public holiday in Nepal is during Vijaya Dashami. On this festival, holidays fall consecutively i.e. from Fulpati to Duwadashi for six days. Ghatasthapana and Kojagrat Purnima holidays are part of this festival but are separate from the six-day holiday. These festival holidays do not fall on the same calendar date every year, as they are celebrated on the basis of Lunar dates also known as tithi. Holidays such as Loktantra Diwas (Democracy Day) and Republic day are celebrated on the basis of Bikram Sambat calendar dates.
The following is the list of holidays for the calendar year 2018 in Nepal. Some holidays may overlap with Saturdays.
|Date||Holiday Name||Holiday Type||Brief Information|
|February 13||Maha Shivaratri||Religious||Celebrated in reverence of Lord Shiva.|
|March 1||Fagu Purnima||Religious||Also known as Holi, the festival of colors. In Terai region of Nepal, this festival is celebrated on the next day.|
|April 14||New Years Day||Non-Religious||Nepali New Year 2075 or the first day of Bikram Sambat calendar.|
|April 30||Buddha Jayanti||Religious||Birth date of Lord Gautama Buddha.|
|May 1||Majdur Diwas||Non-religious||International labor day.|
|September 19||Sambidhaan Diwas||Non-Religious||Constitution Day in Nepal.|
|October 16||Fulpati||Religious||Seventh day of Dashaini when jamara is brought from Gorkha palace to Kathmandu.|
|October 17||Maha Asthami||Religious||The day to appease Goddess Durga’s manifestations, the blood-thirsty Kali.|
|October 18||Maha Navami||Religious||Maha Navami is the last day of Navaratri.|
|October 19||Bijaya Dashami||Religious||This day is very important day for Nepalese Hindu religion, On Bijaya Dashami mixture of rice, yogurt and vermilion is prepared and is known as Tika. Elders put Tika, Jamara and Kokha on the young ones and give them blessing.|
|October 20||Ekadashi||Religious||Eleventh day of Dashain where the celebration continues.|
|November 7||Laxmi Puja||Religious||In the morning cows are worshipped. Later, usually during the evenings, Laxmi, Goddess of wealth is worshipped.|
|November 8||Mha Puja and Govardhan Puja||Religious||Nepal Sambat new year.|
|November 9||Bhaitika||Religious||Sisters and brothers wish for each other's safety and well being. Gifts are exchanged between them.|