National Democratic Alliance (India)
|Lok Sabha leader||Narendra Modi|
|Rajya Sabha leader||Arun Jaitley|
|Former Prime Minister(s)||Atal Bihari Vajpayee|
|Founder||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Political position||Centre-right to Right-wing|
|No. of members||44 Parties|
|Seats in Lok Sabha||
339 / 545Present Members 540 + 1 Speaker
|Seats in Rajya Sabha||
74 / 245Present Members 244
The National Democratic Alliance (NDA, Hindi: राष्ट्रीय जनतांत्रिक गठबंधन) is a centre-right coalition of political parties in India. At the time of its formation in 1998, it was led by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and had thirteen constituent parties. Its honorary chairman is former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Also representing the alliance are L. K. Advani, former Deputy Prime Minister, who is the acting chairman of the Alliance, Narendra Modi, current Prime Minister and Leader of the House in Lok Sabha; and Arun Jaitley, Leader of the House in the Rajya Sabha. The coalition was in power from 1998 to 2004. The alliance returned to power in the 2014 General election with a combined vote share of 38.5%. Its leader, Narendra Modi, was sworn in as Prime Minister of India on 26 May 2014.
- 1 History
- 2 Structure
- 3 Present Members and Seats in Parliament
- 4 NDA Governments in various states
- 5 List of Prime Ministers
- 6 List of NDA Candidates for 2014
- 7 Alliance Election wise
- 8 Past members
- 9 Year by year changes
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
The National Democratic Alliance was formed in May 1998 as a coalition to contest the general elections. It was led by the Bharatiya Janata Party, and included several regional parties, including the Samta Party and the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK), as well as Shiv Sena, the only member which shared the Hindutva ideology of the BJP. With outside support provided by the Telugu Desam Party (TDP), the NDA was able to muster a slim majority in the elections of 1998, and Atal Bihari Vajpayee returned as prime minister. The government collapsed within a year because the (AIADMK) withdrew its support. After the entry of a few more regional parties, the NDA proceeded to win the 1999 elections with a larger majority. Vajpayee became Prime Minister for a third time, this time for a full five-year term.
The NDA called elections in early 2004, six months ahead of schedule. Its campaign was based around the slogan of "India Shining" which attempted to depict the NDA government as responsible for a rapid economic transformation of the country. However, the NDA unexpectedly suffered a heavy defeat, winning only a 186 seats in the Lok Sabha, compared to the 222 of the United Progressive Alliance led by the Congress, with Manmohan Singh succeeding Vajpayee as prime minister. Some commentators have stated that the NDA's failure to reach out to the rural masses was the explanation for its defeat; others have pointed to its "divisive" policy agenda as the reason.
The National Democratic Alliance does not have a formal governing structure in place, such as an executive board or politburo. It has been up to the leaders of the individual parties to make decisions on issues such as sharing of seats in elections, allocation of ministries and the issues that are raised in Parliament. Given the varied ideologies among the parties, there have been many cases of disagreement and split voting among the allies. Owing to ill health, George Fernandes, who was the NDA convener until 2008, was discharged of his responsibility and replaced by Sharad Yadav, the national president of the Janata Dal(United) political party. On 16 June 2013, the JD(U) left the coalition and Sharad Yadav resigned from the role of the NDA convener.
Present Members and Seats in Parliament
NDA Governments in various states
As of January 2017, the BJP holds a majority of assembly in 9 states - Gujarat, Goa, Rajasthan, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. In 6 other states – Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Nagaland & Sikkim respectively – it shares power with other political parties of the NDA coalition. The BJP has previously been the sole party in power in Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, and Delhi. It has also ruled Odisha, and Bihar as part of coalition governments. In 2014 Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly elections, BJP emerged as 2nd largest party by winning 25 seats and largest party by vote share of 23%.
List of Current NDA Chief Ministers
|No||State/UT||Govt Since||Chief Minister||CM's Party||CM Since||Alliance Partner||Seats in Assembly||Percentage of Seats|
|1||Sikkim||12 December 1994||Pawan Kumar Chamling||SDF||12 December 1994||BJP||21/32||65|
|2||Gujarat||28 February 1998||Vijay Rupani||BJP||07 August 2016||None||123/182||67|
|3||Chhattisgarh||4 December 2003||Raman Singh||BJP||7 December 2003||None||49/90||54|
|4||Madhya Pradesh||4 December 2003||Shivraj Singh Chouhan||BJP||29 November 2005||None||166/230||72|
|5||Punjab||13 February 2007||Prakash Singh Badal||SAD||1 March 2007||BJP||72/117||62|
|6||Nagaland||8 March 2008||T. R. Zeliang||NPF||24 May 2014||BJP||50/60||83|
|7||Goa||6 March 2012||Laxmikant Parsekar||BJP||8 November 2014||MGP||24/40||60|
|8||Rajasthan||8 December 2013||Vasundhara Raje||BJP||13 December 2013||None||160/200||80|
|9||Andhra Pradesh||16 May 2014||N. Chandrababu Naidu||TDP||8 June 2014||BJP||107/175||61|
|10||Haryana||19 October 2014||Manohar Lal Khattar||BJP||26 October 2014||None||47/90||52|
|11||Maharashtra||19 October 2014||Devendra Fadnavis||BJP||31 October 2014||Shiv Sena||186/288||65|
|12||Jharkhand||23 December 2014||Raghubar Das||BJP||28 December 2014||AJSU||47/81||57|
|13||Jammu and Kashmir||4 April 2016||Mehbooba Mufti||JKPDP||4 April 2016||BJP JKPC||55/87||63|
|14||Assam||19 May 2016||Sarbananda Sonowal||BJP||19 May 2016||AGP BPF GP||86/126||68|
|15||Arunachal Pradesh||16 September 2016||Pema Khandu||BJP||16 September 2016||PPA||54/60||90|
BJP Strength in State Legislatives Vidhan Sabha
List of Prime Ministers
|1||Atal Bihari Vajpayee||1996, 1998–04||6 years||Lucknow|
List of NDA Candidates for 2014
Alliance Election wise
For Lok Sabha Election 2014
^ BJP had fielded 427 candidates on 427 seats out of 543 but nomination of BJP candidate S. Gurumoorthy was rejected from Niligiris for failing to submit mandatory forms during his nomination.
(#) NPP, NPF and MNF are contesting in each Seats & Other 8 Members supporting NDA Candidates
For Lok Sabha election 2009
For Lok Sabha Election 2004
For Lok Sabha election 1999
|Prime Minister Candidate||Parties|
|A B Vajpayee||Bharatiya Janata Party
Janata Dal (United)
For Lok Sabha Election 1998
|No||Party||Base State||Withdrawal Date||Reason for Withdrawal|
|1||Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam||Tamil Nadu||1999||Aligned with Indian National Congress during 1999 elections|
|2||Lok Shakti||Bihar||1999||Merged with Janata Dal (United) for 1999 Elections|
|3||J & K National Conference||J & K||2002||Blaming the BJP for its loss in the Jammu and Kashmir state elections.|
|4||Samta Party||Bihar||2003||Merged with Janata Dal (United) in 2003|
|5||Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam||Tamil Nadu||2004||Aligned with Congress Party during 2004 elections|
|6||Haryana Vikas Party||Haryana||2004||Aligned with Congress Party during 2004 elections|
|7||Indian Federal Democratic Party||Kerala||2004||Following the 2004 election, Merged with Kerala Congress|
|8||All India Trinamool Congress||West Bengal||2007||Aligned with the Congress party before the 2009 elections.|
|9||Indian National Lok Dal||Haryana||2009||Left due to seat sharing disagreements during assembly elections 2009.|
|10||Biju Janata Dal||Odisha||2009||Left the alliance just over a month before the 2009 elections.|
|11||Telangana Rashtra Samithi||Telangana||2009||Left the alliance post defeat in 2009 election.|
|12||Janata Dal (Secular)||Karnataka||2010||Left the alliance in 2010|
|13||Ladakh Union Territory Front||J & K||2010||Merged with BJP.|
|14||Kamtapur Progressive Party||West Bengal||2010||Withdrew Support due to Merger with Kamtapur People's Party.|
|15||Uttarakhand Kranti Dal||Uttarakhand||2012||Withdrew Support before State Elections|
|16||Rashtriya Lok Dal||UP||2012||Has allied with Congress for 2012 Uttar Pradesh legislative assembly election|
|17||Jharkhand Mukti Morcha||Jharkhand||2012||Withdrew from alliance in 2012|
|18||Janata Dal (United)||Bihar||2013||Withdrew on 16 June 2013 against Narendra Modi's candidate-ship as PM.|
|19||Janata Party||Tamil Nadu||2013||Merged with BJP|
|20||Haryana Janhit Congress (BL)||Haryana||2014||Withdrew from alliance before Haryana Legislative Assembly election, 2014|
|21||Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam||Tamil Nadu||2014||Withdrew alliance in a view to Tamil Nadu Elections 2016|
|22||Kerala Congress (Nationalist)||Kerala||2016||Merged with BJP|
|23||Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam||Tamil Nadu||2016||Withdrew alliance in a view to Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election, 2016|
|24||Revolutionary Socialist Party of Kerala (Bolshevik)||Kerala||2016||Withdrew alliance in a view to Kerala Legislative Assembly election, 2016|
Year by year changes
2012 Presidential election
- Vice-Presidential election
On 11 August 2013, after a discussion with BJP President Rajnath Singh, Janata Party Chairman Dr.Subramanian Swamy officially joined Bharatiya Janata Party and merged his Janata Party with the Bharatiya Janata Party in presence of BJP president Rajnath Singh.The announcement was made by Mr Swamy and BJP president Rajnath Singh after they met at the latter's residence in Delhi. Former BJP chief Nitin Gadkari and senior party leader Arun Jaitley were also present at the meet.
On 1 January 2014, Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhhagam leader Vaiko has announced that MDMK formally joined back to NDA. Vaiko also announced Modi will be the best candidate for Prime Minister. The two small parties viz Kongunadu Munnetra Kazhagam and Indhiya Jananayaga Katchi have also joined NDA Alliance. The BJP would like Two more southern parties such as Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam, Pattali Makkal Katchi to also join the alliance.
In Maharashtra, two regional political outfits, Swabhimani Paksha and Rashtriya Samaj Paksha, joined NDA in January.  The coalition of Five parties is termed as Mahayuti. So in Maharashtra now NDA alliance consist of 5 Parties viz BJP, Shiv Sena, Republican Party of India, Swabhimani Paksha and Rashtriya Samaj Paksha.
On 23 February 2014, Rashtriya Lok Samata Party led by Upendra Kushwaha joined NDA and will be contesting at 3 Lok Sabha seats in Bihar. On 27 February 2014 Lok Janshakti Party led by Ramvilas Paswan joined NDA It would contest at 7 Lok Sabha Seats in Bihar during 2014 Elections.
Maharashtra Navnirman Sena : Its President, Raj Thackeray announced external support to NDA on 9 March 2014 which is marked as Party's formation day, supporting Narendra Modi as Prime Ministerial Candidate.
Lok Satta Party : President Shri J P Narayan announced external support to NDA, supporting Sh. Narendra Modi as Prime Ministerial Candidate
In March 2016, after a meeting with AGP President Atul Bora and Former Chief minister Prafulla Kumar Mahanta ,BJP striked alliance with Asom Gana Parishad for upcoming Assam legislative assembly election 2016. BJP also aligned with Rabha and Tiwa Tribe outfit Rabha Jatiya Aikya Manch and Tiwa Jatiya Aikya Manch.
Following BJP's victory in the Assam Legislative Assembly Elections 2016, the party formed an alliance of like-minded non-Congress parties in the Northeast, called the North-East Democratic Alliance, consisting of 11 regional parties of Northeast India. Himanta Biswa Sarma, BJP leader from Assam has been appointed Convener of the regional alliance.
On December 21, 2016, Khandu was suspended from the party by the party president and Takam Pario was named as the next likely Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh replacing Khandu after People's Party of Arunachal suspended Khandu along with 6 other MLAs.
On December, 2016, Khandu proved majority on the floor with 33 of the People's Party of Arunachal’s 43 legislators joining the Bharatiya Janata Party as the BJP party increased its strength to 45 and it has the support of two independents. He became second Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh of Bharatiya Janata Party in Arunachal Pradesh after the 44 days lead Gegong Apang government in 2003.
In January 2017, Bharatiya Janata Party's alliance partner Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party in Goa and Shiv Sena in Maharashtra came together to contest Goa Legislative Assembly election in 2017 against BJP with another Sangh Pariwar group called Goa Suraksha Manch.
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- Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly
- Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly
- Assam Legislative Assembly
- Bihar Legislative Assembly
- Chhattisgarh Legislative Assembly
- Goa Legislative Assembly
- Gujarat Legislative Assembly
- Haryana Legislative Assembly
- Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly
- Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly
- Jharkhand Legislative Assembly
- Karnataka Legislative Assembly
- Kerala Legislature
- Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly
- Maharashtra Legislative Assembly
- Manipur Legislative Assembly
- Meghalaya Legislative Assembly
- Mizoram Legislative Assembly
- Nagaland Legislative Assembly
- Odisha Legislative Assembly
- Punjab Legislative Assembly
- Rajasthan Legislative Assembly
- Sikkim Legislative Assembly
- Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly
- Telangana Legislative Assembly
- Tripura Legislative Assembly
- Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly
- Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly
- West Bengal Legislative Assembly
- Delhi Legislative Assembly
- Puducherry Legislative Assembly
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- Khandu wins musical chairs game for BJP
- Shifting to BJP, Pema Khandu drops 3 ministers, 2 advisors, 5 parliamentary secretaries
- MGP-Sena-GSM form grand alliance to contest Goa polls