National Democratic Alliance (India)
|National Democratic Alliance|
|Founder||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Lok Sabha leader||Narendra Modi|
|Rajya Sabha leader||Arun Jaitley|
|Former Prime Minister(s)||Atal Bihari Vajpayee|
|No. of members||34 Parties|
|Seats in Lok Sabha||
337 / 545Present Members 542 + 1 Speaker
|Seats in Rajya Sabha||
64 / 245Present Members 244
|Politics of India
The National Democratic Alliance (NDA) is a centre-right coalition of political parties in India. At the time of its formation in 1998, it was led by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and had thirteen constituent parties. Its honorary chairman is former prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Also representing the alliance are L. K. Advani, former deputy prime minister who is the acting chairman of the Alliance, Narendra Modi, current Prime Minister of India and Leader of house in Lok Sabha; Arun Jaitley, Leader of house in the Rajya Sabha. The coalition was in power from 1998 to 2004. The alliance stormed back to power in the elections held in April/May 2014.The combined vote share of NDA in Indian general election, 2014 was 38.5%. Its leader, Narendra Modi was sworn-in Prime Minister of India on 26 May.
- 1 History
- 2 Structure
- 3 Present Members and Seats in Parliament
- 4 NDA Governments in various states
- 5 List of Prime Ministers
- 6 List of NDA Candidates for 2014
- 7 Alliance Election wise
- 8 Past members
- 9 Year by year changes
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
The National Democratic Alliance was formed in May 1998 as a coalition to contest the general elections. It was led by the Bharatiya Janata Party, and included several regional parties, including the Samata Party and the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK), as well as Shiv Sena, the only member which shared the Hindutva ideology of the BJP. With outside support provided by the Telugu Desam Party (TDP), the NDA was able to muster a slim majority in the elections of 1998, and Atal Bihari Vajpayee returned as prime minister. The government collapsed within a year because the (AIADMK) withdrew its support. After the entry of a few more regional parties, the NDA proceeded to win the 1999 elections with a larger majority. Vajpayee became prime minister for a third time, this time for a full five-year term.
The NDA called elections in early 2004, six months ahead of schedule. Its campaign was based around the slogan of "India Shining" which attempted to depict the NDA government as responsible for a rapid economic transformation of the country. However, the NDA unexpectedly suffered a heavy defeat, winning only a 186 seats in the Lok Sabha, compared to the 222 of the United Progressive Alliance led by the Congress, with Manmohan Singh succeeding Vajpayee as prime minister. Some commentators have stated that the NDA's failure to reach out to rural Indians was the explanation for its defeat; others have pointed to its "divisive" policy agenda as the reason.
The National Democratic Alliance does not have a formal governing structure in place, such as an executive board or politburo. It has been up to the leaders of the individual parties to make decisions on issues such as sharing of seats in elections, allocation of ministries and the issues that are raised in Parliament. Given the varied ideologies among the parties, there have been many cases of disagreement and split voting among the allies. Owing to ill health, George Fernandes, who was the NDA convener until 2008, was discharged of his responsibility and replaced by Sharad Yadav, the national president of the Janata Dal(United) political party. On 16 June 2013, the JD(U) left the coalition and Sharad Yadav resigned from the role of the NDA convener.
Present Members and Seats in Parliament
NDA Governments in various states
As of March 2015, the BJP holds a majority of assembly in 8 states: Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, Goa, Haryana, Maharashtra and Jharkhand. In 4 other states and 1 Union Territory – Punjab, Nagaland, Jammu & Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh and Puducherry respectively – it shares power with other political parties of the NDA coalition. The BJP has previously been the sole party in power in Uttar Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, and Delhi. It has also ruled Odisha, and Bihar as part of coalition governments. In 2014 Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly elections, BJP emerged as 2nd largest party by winning 25 seats and largest party by vote share of 23%.
List of Current NDA Chief Ministers
List of Prime Ministers
|1||Atal Bihari Vajpayee||1996, 1998–04||6 years||Lucknow|
List of NDA Candidates for 2014
Alliance Election wise
For Lok Sabha Election 2014
^ BJP had fielded 427 candidates on 427 seats out of 543 but nomination of BJP candidate S. Gurumurthy was rejected from Niligiris for failing to submit mandatory forms during his nomination.
(#) NPP, NPF and MNF are contesting in each Seats & Other 8 Members supporting NDA Candidates
For Lok Sabha election 2009
For Lok Sabha Election 2004
|Prime Minister Candidate||Parties|
|A B Vajpayee||Bharatiya Janata Party
Janata Dal (United)
For Lok Sabha election 1999
|Prime Minister Candidate||Parties|
|A B Vajpayee||Bharatiya Janata Party
Janata Dal (United)
For Lok Sabha Election 1998
|No||Party||Base State||Withdrawal Date||Reason for Withdrawal|
|1||Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam||Tamil Nadu||1999||Aligned with Indian National Congress during 1999 elections|
|2||Lok Shakti||Bihar||1999||Merged with Janata Dal (United) for 1999 Elections|
|3||J & K National Conference||J & K||2002||Blaming the BJP for its loss in the Jammu and Kashmir state elections.|
|4||Samata Party||Bihar||2003||Merged with Janata Dal (United) in 2003|
|5||Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam||Tamil Nadu||2004||Aligned with Congress Party during 2004 elections|
|6||Haryana Vikas Party||Haryana||2004||Aligned with Congress Party during 2004 elections|
|7||Indian Federal Democratic Party||Kerala||2004||Following the 2004 election, Merged with Kerala Congress|
|8||All India Trinamool Congress||West Bengal||2007||Aligned with the Congress party before the 2009 elections.|
|9||Indian National Lok Dal||Haryana||2009||Left due to seat sharing disagreements during assembly elections 2009.|
|10||Biju Janata Dal||Odisha||2009||Left the alliance just over a month before the 2009 elections.|
|11||Telangana Rashtra Samithi||AP||2009||Left the alliance post defeat in 2009 election.|
|12||Janata Dal (Secular)||Karnataka||2010||Left the alliance in 2010|
|13||Ladakh Union Territory Front||J & K||2010||Merged with BJP.|
|14||Kamtapur Progressive Party||West Bengal||2010||Withdrew Support due to Merger with Kamtapur People's Party.|
|15||Asom Gana Parishad||Assam||2011||Left the alliance before 2011 Assam legislative assembly election.|
|16||Uttarakhand Kranti Dal||Uttarakhand||2012||Withdrew Support before State Elections|
|17||Rashtriya Lok Dal||UP||2012||Has allied with Congress for 2012 Uttar Pradesh legislative assembly election|
|18||Jharkhand Mukti Morcha||Jharkhand||2012||Withdrew from alliance in 2012|
|19||Janata Dal (United)||Bihar||2013||Withdrew on 16 June 2013 against Narendra Modi's candidate-ship as prime minister.|
|20||Janata Party||Tamil Nadu||2013||Merged with BJP|
|21||Haryana Janhit Congress (BL)||Haryana||2014||Withdrew from alliance before Haryana Legislative Assembly election, 2014|
|22||Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam||Tamil Nadu||2014||Withdrew alliance in a view to Tamil Nadu Elections 2016|
Year by year changes
- Presidential election
- Vice-Presidential election
On 16 June 2013, Nitish Kumar led Janta Dal United(JD-U) has withdrawn from NDA.
On 11 August 2013, after a discussion with BJP President Rajnath Singh, Janata Party Chairman Dr.Subramanian Swamy officially joined Bharatiya Janata Party and merged his Janata Party with the Bharatiya Janata Party in presence of BJP president Rajnath Singh.The announcement was made by Mr Swamy and BJP president Rajnath Singh after they met at the latter's residence in Delhi. Former BJP chief Nitin Gadkari and senior party leader Arun Jaitley were also present at the meet.
On 1 January 2014, Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhhagam leader Vaiko has announced that MDMK formally joined back to NDA. Vaiko also announced Modi will be the best candidate for Prime Minister. The two small parties viz Kongunadu Munnetra Kazhagam and Indhiya Jananayaga Katchi have also joined NDA Alliance. The BJP would like Two more southern parties such as Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam, Pattali Makkal Katchi to also join the alliance.
In Maharashtra, two regional political outfits, Swabhimani Paksha and Rashtriya Samaj Paksha, joined NDA in January.  The coalition of Five parties is termed as Mahayuti. So in Maharashtra now NDA alliance consist of 5 Parties viz BJP, Shiv Sena, Republican Party of India, Swabhimani Paksha and Rashtriya Samaj Paksha.
On 23 February 2014, Rashtriya Lok Samata Party led by Upendra Kushwaha joined NDA and will be contesting at 3 Lok Sabha seats in Bihar. On 27 February 2014 Lok Janshakti Party led by Ramvilas Paswan joined NDA It would contest at 7 Lok Sabha Seats in Bihar during 2014 Elections.
Maharashtra Navnirman Sena : Its President, Sh. Raj Thackeray announced external support to NDA on 9 March 2014 which is marked as Party's formation day, supporting Sh. Narendra Modi as Prime Ministerial Candidate.
Indian National Lok Dal : Its Gen. Sec., Sh. Ajay Singh Chautala announced external support to NDA, supporting Sh. Narendra Modi as Prime Ministerial Candidate.
Lok Satta Party : President Shri J P Narayan announced external support to NDA, supporting PM candidate Narendra Modi ji.
All Jharkhand Students Union BJP on Monday clinched an alliance with All Jharkhand Students Unions for Jharkhand Assembly elections under which its junior partner will contest eight of the 81 seats in the state.
People's Democratic Party BJP on Friday 27TH Feb, 2015 clinched an alliance with People's Democratic Party for Government Formation in Jammu & Kashmir under which its CM will be from PDP in the state.
- Simta Prakash (17 June 2013). "NDA implodes". Mid-day.com. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
- "BJP's 31% lowest vote share of any party to win majority".
- Keith Jones (9 October 1999). "Hindu chauvinist-led coalition to form India's next government". World Socialist Web Site. Retrieved 27 September 2013.
- Sen, Amartya (2005). The Argumentative Indian. Penguin. p. 254.
- "Rediff on the NeT: TDP helps Vajpayee wins confidence vote". Rediff.com. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
- Sen, Amartya (2005). The Argumentative Indian. Penguin.
- Ramesh, Randeep (14 May 2004). "News World news Shock defeat for India's Hindu nationalists". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
- Editorial (14 May 2004). "The Meaning of Verdict 2004". The Hindu. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
- "Live: It was time to remove Cong from Centre, not to break ties, says Rajnath". IBN Live. 16 June 2013. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
- Small parties, independents in great demand. Retrieved 15 July 2008.
- "NDA hopeful of more pre-poll and post-poll friends". Business Standard. 28 February 2014. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
- Tiwari, Ravish (5 March 2014). "Partners & possibles in BJP's target 272 | Page 2". The Indian Express. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
- Dutta, Debjani (13 March 2014). "Rangasamy in NDA, Names Ex-Speaker as LS Candidate". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
- "BJP Forms State Chapter of NDA with 4 Parties". The New Indian Express. 16 March 2014. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
- "MPP to back BJP in Manipur LS polls". The Telegraph. Kolkota. 23 March 2014. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
- "Apna Dal allies with NDA". The Hindu. 24 March 2014.
- "Northeast parties stitch alliance with NDA". Daily News and Analysis. Indo-Asian News Service. 29 March 2014. Retrieved 30 March 2014.
- R Guhambika (2 April 2014). "Homilies apart, TN NDA Tally Zilch on Women Candidates". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
- "BJP Projects Grand Alliance of 28 Parties". The New Indian Express. 9 April 2014. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
- "Goa Vikas party pledges support for BJP in Lok Sabha election". The Times of India. 29 March 2014. Retrieved 11 April 2014.
- Varma, Gyan (13 June 2015). "Manjhi joins NDA ahead of Bihar polls". livemint.com. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
- "Kerala Cong P C Thomas Faction Joins NDA". New Indian Express. 19 August 2015. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
- Ehsan, Mir. "J&K govt formation: PDP against inducting Lone in cabinet - See more at: http://indianexpress.com/article/india/politics/jk-government-formation-pdp-against-inducting-lone-in-cabinet/#sthash.hQrAbk6D.dpuf". Srinagar: Indian Express. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
- Mukane, Pratik (21 October 2014). "Maharashtra assembly polls: 36 of 58 candidates who defected to BJP failed to woo voters". Mumbai: Daily News and Analysis. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
Three other candidates who lost the election include alliance partner and Shiv Sangram's leader Vinayak Mete
- Word Statesman 2014.
- BJP suspends Nilgiris (SC) LS seat candidate S Gurumurthy. Daily News and Analysis. (5 May 2014). Retrieved 21 May 2014.
- BJP suspends Nilgiris ‘candidate’ for nomination goof. The Times of India. (6 May 2014). Retrieved 21 May 2014.
- Rejected candidate accuses RO of bias towards BJP. Zeenews.india.com. Retrieved 21 May 2014.
- Will NDA support AIADMK in Nilgiris?. Business Standard (11 April 2014). Retrieved 21 May 2014.
- Bhushan Casts Doubts Over BJP Nilgiris Goof-up. The New Indian Express (13 April 2014). Retrieved 21 May 2014.
- BJP members angry over Nilgiris nomination fiasco. Indiatvnews.com (15 April 2014). Retrieved 21 May 2014.
- TRS joins NDA
- "Third Front is born, asks for nation's trust". Retrieved 12 March 2009.
- "Haryana Janhit Congress snaps ties with BJP". 28 August 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
- "NDA names Jaswant Singh as its vice-presidential candidate". 16 July 2012.
- "Modi will become PM, says Vaiko". 1 January 2014.
- "Can Modi's magic help win BJP allies? Three southern parties to decide soon". Hindustan Times. 1 January 2014. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
- "Setback to AAP plans as Swabhimani Shetkari Sanghatana joins Sena-BJP led combine". The Economic Times. 7 January 2014. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
- "SSS joins NDA, threat to NCP". The Indian Express. 8 January 2014. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
- "LS polls: BJP joins hands with Upendra Kushwaha's Rashtriya Lok Samata Party – IBNLive". Ibnlive.in.com. 23 February 2014. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
- "Ram Vilas Paswan's LJP returns lo to NDA, to contest from 7 seats in Bihar". Zeenews.india.com. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
- "LJP rejoins NDA, would contest 7 seats in Bihar in 2014 Elections". news.biharprabha.com. Indo-Asian News Service. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
- Panwar, Preeti (26 February 2014). "Confirmed: DMDK-BJP form alliance in Tamil Nadu for LS polls – News Oneindia". News.oneindia.in. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
- "TDP back to NDA". The New Indian Express. 6 April 2014.
- http://thecitynews.in/shiv-sena-stay-nda-shiv-sena/. Missing or empty
- http://www.newsx.com/national/nation/item/28282-bjp-clinches-deal-with-ajsu-in-jharkhand/. Missing or empty
- http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-others/mufti-to-head-25-member-cabinet-pm-to-attend-his-swearing-in-on-sunday/. Missing or empty