National Democratic Party (Chile)
|This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (April 2014)|
|National Democratic Party
Partido Democrático Nacional
|Founded||18 September 1960|
|Dissolved||12 September 1988|
|Split from||Democratic Party|
|Headquarters||Santiago de Chile|
|Politics of Chile
The National Democratic Party (Partido Democrático Nacional), known by its acronym PADENA, was a Chilean political party. It was founded in 1960 by the merger of the Democratic Party, a small faction of the Radical Doctrinal Party, part of the People's National Party (PANAPO), the Democratic Socialist Party and the Social Democratic Party.
This party was one of the last political movements linked to the figure of President Carlos Ibáñez del Campo.
It initially participated in the FRAP until Ibáñez' retirement in 1965. The party supported the presidential candidacy of Salvador Allende in 1964, but several parliamentarians withdrew to form the New Democratic Left, which supported Eduardo Frei.
In 1970 the party supported the presidential candidacy of Radomiro Tomic of the Christian Democratic Party in opposition to Allende and Popular Unity. It joined the Confederation of Democracy in 1973.
The PADENA opposed Augusto Pinochet and joined the Concertación in backing the NO option in the 1988 plebiscite. The faction that supported the military regime withdrew and founded the Democratic Party of Chile (PADECH). The party was dissolved in 1988 and many of its members moved to the Party for Democracy and the Christian Democratic Party.
Presidential candidates supported by the National Democratic Party.
- 1964: Salvador Allende (lost)
- 1970: Radomiro Tomic (lost)
- 1988 plebiscite: "No" (won)
- 1989: Patricio Aylwin (won)
- Archive of Chilean Elections ("Base de Datos de Elecciones en Chile")
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