National Development Party (Kenya)

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National Development Party
Leader Raila Odinga
Founder Stephen Omondi Oludhe
Founded 1991
Dissolved 2002
Merger of KANU

The National Development Party (NDP) was a political party in Kenya which was of national importance between 1994 and 2001. It was founded by Stephen Wilfred Omondi Oludhe.

Becoming Odinga's party[edit]

Being a minor political party, until 1994, NDP gained national prominence when Raila Odinga joined it after he leaving Ford-Kenya when he lost the battle for leadership of that party to Michael Wamalwa. Odinga pulled Ford members of parliament from Nyanza Province with him. This spike in membership, which included Ford-K's Nyanza Members of Parliament put NDP in the position of a major opposition party in the Kenyan parliament. The party managed to retain its strong position in Nyanza region mainly among the Luo population during the 1997 elections when it returned 21 members to parliament.

Co-operation and coalition with KANU[edit]

In 2000 NDP started to cooperate with the KANU-government of president Daniel arap Moi. From June 2001 three ministers of NDP joined the cabinet thus inaugurating the first coalition cabinet in Kenya's history.[1]

2002 Merger and split with KANU[edit]

In spring 2002 NDP merged with KANU. NDP leader Odinga became General Secretary of the united Party.[2] This union was to be short lived as from summer 2002 it became obvious that Moi was determined to have Uhuru Kenyatta as his successor which was confirmed by a KANU congress in October 2002. Odinga who had been aware of manipulated lists of delegates pulled out from the congress together with his followers from the former NDP and was joined by a number of KANU politicians who protested against Moi's manipulation of the party meeting in favour of his chosen candidate. Together the group, which called itself the Rainbow Coalition, quit the ruling party and then joined the then insignificant Liberal Democratic Party which was to be one of the founding members of the National Rainbow Coalition which went on to win the 2002 presidential and parliamentary elections.


  1. ^ Kenya reshuffle brings in opposition - BBC 11-06-2001 viewed on 5-01-2008
  2. ^ Merger shakes up Kenyan politics - BBC 18-03-2002 viewed on 5-01-2008