National Directorate of Security
|ریاست امنیت ملی|
Seal of the National Directorate of Security
|Website||Official website (registered but offline)|
The NDS is otherwise known as:
د ملي امنیت ریاست (the Pashto language)
ریاست امنیت ملی (Dari)
Riyasat-e Amniyat-e Milli 
The National Directorate of Security was founded as the primary domestic and foreign intelligence agency of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan in 2002, and is considered the successor to KHAD, which was the previous intelligence organization, before it splintered during the Civil War.
As the primary intelligence organ of Afghanistan, the NDS shares information with the other ministries of Afghanistan, and also with the provincial authorities. The NDS also cooperates with the American CIA, the Pakistani ISI, and other NATO Intelligence Agencies, although there is internal opposition to cooperation with the ISI.
The NDS has been accused of using torture  within Afghanistan. Of 324 persons identified as conflict-related detainees, 196 were detained only by the NDS, 69 by NDS and ANP, and 8 by the NDS and the Afghan National Army-ANA. The investigation found evidence of 125 of the 273 persons who had experienced treatment while within detention, which would be classified officially as torture. Of those interviewed, 19 children (i.e. those under the age of 18 years of age) made statements which indicated they had experienced torture by NDS employees while under-going interrogation (ref. p. 2, footnote 16).
Directors and deputy heads
The president of Afghansistan President Hamid Karzai made a decision public at the closure of the tenure of Rahmatullah Nabil during 2012, for a limitation on the service of each head of the NDS in the future of two years only.
- Muhammad Arif Sarwari (Oct. 2001 – Feb. 2004)
- Amrullah Saleh (Feb. 2004 – June 2010)
- Ibrahim Spinzada (June 2010 – July 2010) Acting
- Rahmatullah Nabil (July 2010 - September 2012) Hasamudin Hasam (deputy 2011) 
- Asadullah Khalid (September 2012 – August 2013)
- Rahmatullah Nabil (August 2013 – Present), Adib Fahim (appointed as deputy July 1, 2015)
- United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan. Treatment of Conflict-Related Detainees in Afghan Custody (PDF). UN Office of The High Commissioner for Human Rights, October 2011, Kabul. Retrieved 2015-07-30.
- PRAVEEN SWAMI -  published by The Hindu May 1, 2014 [Retrieved 2015-07-30](this source the source only of Riyasat-e Amniyat-e Milli)
- BBC. Article. British Broadcasting Corporation - 14 August 2011. Retrieved 2015-07-30.
- Anthony H. Cordesman, Adam Mausner, Jason Lemieux. Afghan National Security Forces: What it Will Take to Implement the ISAF Strategy. CSIS 1 Jan 2010, 230 pages, ISBN 0892066083. Retrieved 2015-07-29.(MOI is taken i.e. understood to refer to the Ministry of Interior according to page 62, not Ministry of Information)
- Abasin Zaheeron, ed. (May 20, 2012). "Iran, Pakistan out to weaken Afghanistan, MPs told". Pajhwok Afghan News. Retrieved May 20, 2012.
- Rezaul H Laskar - Article published by Hindustani Times May 19, 2015 [Retrieved 2015-07-30]
- MIRWAIS ADEEL. Article. Khaama Press May 18, 2015, 11:06 hrs (local time). Retrieved 2015-07-30.[source: 15th, and otherwise]
- Ankit Panda - The Pulse published by The Diplomat May 18, 2015 [Retrieved 2015-07-30]
- http://www.pajhwok.com/en/2015/07/11/nds-claims-quetta-shura-member-held-kabul reportage]
- Jessica Donati and Mirwais Harooni. reportage. published by Reuters Sat Mar 21, 2015. Retrieved 2015-07-29.
- Jeremy Kelly -  published by Guardian News and Media Limited Monday 10 October 2011 14.26 BST [Retrieved 2015-07-30]
- News published by the Office of the President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Aug 29 2012 [Retrieved 2015-07-30]
- Carlotta Gall, ed. (August 19, 2010). "New Afghan Intelligence Chief Aims to Build Trust". The New York Times. Retrieved May 20, 2012.
- news published by Office of the Chief Executive of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan [Retrieved 2015-07-30]
- NDS - Twitter
- Julian Richards - A Guide to National Security: Threats, Responses and Strategies published by OUP Oxford, 23 Feb 2012, ISBN 0199655065
- Jared N. Gehmann (Sgt.) - focus - published by Afghanistan Resolute Support (Nato)
- Sylvana Q. Sinha (of the Weil’s International Arbitration and Trade Practice Group - World Justice Project) - prison visit to view NDS detainees December 10, 2012
- Independent Strategy and Intelligence Study Group - report June 2, 2015:The NDS disrupt a plot
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