National Directorate of Security

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National Directorate of Security
Dari: ریاست عمومی امنیت ملی
Pashto: د ملي امنیت ریاست
Riyasat-e Amniyat-e Milli
National Directorate of Security logo.jpg
Seal of the National Directorate of Security
Agency overview
Formed2002; 16 years ago (2002)
Preceding agency
HeadquartersKabul, Afghanistan
EmployeesClassified
Annual budgetClassified
Agency executive
WebsiteOfficial website (registered but offline)

The National Directorate of Security (NDS, Riyāsat-e Amniyat-e Milli) is the primary intelligence agency of Afghanistan.[1]

Development[edit]

The National Directorate of Security was founded as the primary domestic and foreign intelligence agency of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan in 2002, and is considered the successor to KHAD,[2] which was the previous intelligence organization before the Afghan Civil War (1996–2001).

Organisation[edit]

The NDS is part of the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF),[3] and reports directly to the Office of the President.[4]

Operations[edit]

As the primary intelligence organ of Afghanistan, the NDS shares information with ministries of Afghanistan and with provincial authorities.[2] The NDS also cooperates with the American CIA, the Indian R&AW, the Pakistani ISI, and other NATO intelligence agencies.

After the ouster ofders and al-Qaeda operatives hiding in Pakistan.[5] In early 2006, intelligence gathered from NDS detainees suggested Osama bin Laden resided in the western Pakistan town of Mansehra.[5] A classified NDS paper completed in May, titled "Strategy of the Taliban," claimed ISI and Saudi Arabia restarted active support for the Taliban in 2005.[5] Pakistan's military leadership sought to weaken and delegitimize Hamid Karzai's government, in order to prevent an alliance between Afghanistan and India.[5]

In 2007, Amrullah Saleh's NDS used arrests and interrogations to discover the majority of suicide bombings in Afghanistan originated among Paushtuns from Pakistan's Federally Administered Tribal Areas.[6]

During the April 2014 Afghan Presidential Election, the NDS, under Rahmatullah Nabil, collected thousands of signals intelligence indicating Ashraf Ghani's allies organized massive electoral fraud.[7]

The NDS has had a degree of success, including capturing Maulvi Faizullah,[8] a notable Taliban leader, and foiling an assassination attempt against Abdul Rashid Dostum in 2014.[9]

Directors and deputy heads[edit]

The president of Afghanistan Ashraf Ghani is the Director.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan. Treatment of Conflict-Related Detainees in Afghan Custody (PDF). UN Office of The High Commissioner for Human Rights, October 2011, Kabul. Retrieved 2015-07-30.
  2. ^ a b c BBC. Article. British Broadcasting Corporation - 14 August 2011. Retrieved 2015-07-30.
  3. ^ Anthony H. Cordesman; Adam Mausner; Jason Lemieux. Afghan National Security Forces: What it Will Take to Implement the ISAF Strategy. CSIS 1 Jan 2010, 230 pages, ISBN 0892066083. Retrieved 2015-07-29. templatestyles stripmarker in |publisher= at position 29 (help)(MOI is taken i.e. understood to refer to the Ministry of Interior according to page 62, not Ministry of Information)
  4. ^ Abasin Zaheeron, ed. (May 20, 2012). "Iran, Pakistan out to weaken Afghanistan, MPs told". Pajhwok Afghan News. Retrieved May 20, 2012.
  5. ^ a b c d Coll, Steve (2018). Directorate S: The C.I.A. and America's Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan. New York: Penguin Press. pp. 214–217.
  6. ^ Coll, Steve (2018). Directorate S: The C.I.A. and America's Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan. New York: Penguin Press. pp. 260–265.
  7. ^ Coll, Steve (2018). Directorate S: The C.I.A. and America's Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan. New York: Penguin Press. pp. 649–651.
  8. ^ reportage
  9. ^ Jessica Donati & Mirwais Harooni. reportage. published by Reuters Sat Mar 21, 2015. Retrieved 2015-07-29.
  10. ^ Carlotta Gall, ed. (August 19, 2010). "New Afghan Intelligence Chief Aims to Build Trust". The New York Times. Retrieved May 20, 2012.
  11. ^ news published by Office of the Chief Executive of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan [Retrieved 2015-07-30]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

how to work[edit]