National Driver Register
The National Driver Register (NDR) is a computerized database of information about U.S. drivers who have had their licenses revoked or suspended, or who have been convicted of serious traffic violations (e.g., driving while impaired by alcohol or drugs) (see 23 Code of Federal Regulations 1327 Appendix A for a complete list of violations). The records are added and maintained and deleted by the Motor Vehicle Agency (MVA) of the state that convicted or withdrew the driver.
Checks for problem drivers
When a person applies for a driver's license, either as a new applicant or as a renewing applicant in a participating state, the state MVA must check if the name is on the NDR Problem Driver Pointer System (PDPS) (as required by federal regulation—see 23 CFR 1327.5(b)(1)). If a person has been reported to the NDR by any state as a "problem driver", the prospective licensing state must investigate the driver's history from the state that added the NDR record. Depending on the results of the investigation and the state's own laws, the prospective licensing state may be required to deny the license. Thus, this "PDPS check" enables the state MVAs to prevent someone with a suspended or revoked driver's license in one state from obtaining a driver's license in another state. The PDPS check also makes it harder for a person to obtain more than one driver's license at any one time.
Note that not all records on the NDR are correct. Some may have been added in the past incorrectly for misdemeanor violations (such as not returning license plates in New York state). Some records may identify the wrong driver. Some records for specific convictions may have met data retention requirements and are eligible for deletion. A driver must contact the state that added the record to have that state delete an incorrect record. To find out if you have a record on NDR PDPS, see the next section.
Note also that the NDR may not contain all required records. For example, a man in Pennsylvania was convicted of driving under the influence of marijuana cigarettes and crack cocaine in 1997, and was never put on the NDR.
Note also that not all states participate in this program. Federal Regulation 23 CFR 1327.1 states, "This part provides ... PROCEDURES FOR A STATE TO NOTIFY THE SECRETARY OF TRANSPORTATION OF ITS INTENTION to be bound by the requirements of section 205 of the Act .... AND FOR A STATE TO NOTIFY THE SECRETARY IN THE EVENT IT BECOMES NECESSARY TO WITHDRAW FROM PARTICIPATION...
Obtaining information from NDR
The following groups are authorized to receive information from the NDR:
- Any individual under the provisions of the Privacy Act (see "Requesting your record" below).
- State and federal driver licensing officials.
- The Federal Railroad Administration and employers of locomotive operators.
- The Federal Aviation Administration for airman medical certification.
- The United States Coast Guard for merchant mariner certification.
- The National Transportation Safety Board for accident investigations.
- Federal Highway Administration for accident investigations.
- Federal Agencies performing background investigations for employment.
- Current or prospective employers of commercial motor vehicles operators, with permission by the operator.
- Air carriers for pilot applicants, with permission by the applicant.
Requesting your record:
Under the provisions of the Privacy Act and Title 23 § 1327.7 "Procedures for NDR information requests" You are entitled, under the provisions of the Privacy Act, to request a file search to see if you have a record on the NDR. As a private citizen, you must send a notarized letter commonly referred to as a “privacy act request” to the NDR indicating that you would like an NDR file check. Individuals should send their request to the National Driver Register, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, S.E., Washington, D.C. 20590. Please include in your request your full legal name, DOB, State and Driver License Number, Sex, Height, Weight, and Eye Color (your social security number is optional). There is no charge for this service.
Effects On Individual Drivers—Combined Identities
According to National Drivers Register officials, problem drivers' records posted to the NDR database by the states are made available to all states in the U.S. Information supplied by one state to the NDR is obtained by another state from the NDR using the first four letters of the driver's first and last names, the date of birth, and, often, if it is published, that driver's social security number and/or license number.