National Economic and Development Authority
|Formed||1972 (Presidential Decree No. 107)|
|Annual budget||P1.739 billion (2007)|
The National Economic and Development Authority (Filipino: Pambansang Pangasiwaan sa Kabuhayan at Pagpapaunlad), abbreviated as NEDA, is an independent cabinet-level agency of the Philippine government responsible for economic development and planning. It is headed by the President of the Philippines as chairman of the NEDA board, with the Secretary of Socio-Economic Planning, concurrently NEDA Director-General, as vice-chairman. A number of Cabinet members, the Governor of the Central Bank, the Chairman of the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority, the Governor of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, the Chairman of the Commission on Information and Communications Technology, the Chairman of the Subic-Clark Area Development Corporation, and the National President of the Union of Local Authorities of the Philippines are members of the NEDA Board.
The NEDA was established in 1973 with Dr. Gerardo Sicat as its first director general. With the exception of Sicat, the Prime Minister of the Philippines was usually the head of the agency before the First People Power Revolution. President Corazon C. Aquino re-organized the NEDA into its present form (see below) and appointed Winnie Monsod as its first director-general after EDSA II.
List of NEDA Director-Generals and Socioeconomic Planning Secretaries
|#||Name||Term Began||Term Ended||President|
|Third Republic of the Philippines|
|?||Sixto Roxas III||1963 (NEC)||1964 (NEC)||Diosdado Macapagal|
|?||Hilarion Henares||1965 (NEC)||1969 (NEC)||Ferdinand E. Marcos|
|Fourth Republic of the Philippines|
|1||Gerardo Sicat||1970 (NEC)
|Ferdinand E. Marcos|
|2||Placido Mapa, Jr.||1970 (NEC)
|4||Vicente Valdepeñas, Jr.||1984||1986|
|Fifth Republic of the Philippines|
|5||Winnie Monsod||July 22, 1987||1989||Corazon C. Aquino|
|7||Cayetano Paderanga, Jr.||1990||June 30, 1992|
|8||Cielito Habito||June 30, 1992||June 30, 1998||Fidel V. Ramos|
|9||Felipe Medalla||June 30, 1998||January 20, 2001||Joseph Ejercito Estrada|
|10||Dante Canlas||January 20, 2001||2002||Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo|
|-||Augusto Santos (acting)||2005||2006|
|-||Augusto Santos (acting)||2007||July 23, 2008|
|12||Ralph Recto||July 23, 2008||August 16, 2009|
|-||Augusto Santos (acting)||August 16, 2009||June 30, 2010|
|(7)||Cayetano Paderanga, Jr.||June 30, 2010||May 10, 2012||Benigno S. Aquino III|
|13||Arsenio Balisacan||May 10, 2012||January 31, 2016|
|-||Emmanuel Esguerra (acting)||February 1, 2016||June 30, 2016|
|14||Ernesto Pernia||June 30, 2016||Present||Rodrigo Roa Duterte|
The present form of the NEDA was organized by President Corazon C. Aquino on July 22 1987 through Executive Order No. 230. It defined the composition of the NEDA Board and the Secretariat and its powers and functions, the powers and functions of the Authority and its committees.
On July 26 1994, President Fidel V. Ramos signed Memorandum Order No. 222 which reactivated the NEDA Board Executive Committee and mandating that the decisions of the NEDA Board Executive Committee shall be final, executory and binding upon the NEDA Board.
On July 27 1992, president Ramos signed Republic Act No. 7640, which constituted the Legislative-Executive Development Advisory Committee (LEDAC). The LEDAC serves as a consultative and advisory body to the President as the head of the NEDA and gives advice on certain programs and policies, which are essential to the realization of the goals of national development.
The powers and functions of the NEDA reside in the NEDA Board. It is the Philippines' premier social and economic development planning and policy coordinating body. The Board is composed of the President as chairman, the Secretary of Socio-Economic Planning and NEDA Director-General as vice-chairman, and the following as members: the Executive Secretary and the Secretaries of Finance, Trade and Industry, Agriculture, Environment and Natural Resources, Public Works and Highways, Budget and Management, Labor and Employment, and Interior and Local Government.
The following have since been added as members to the Board: the Secretaries of Health, Foreign Affairs, and Agrarian Reform (per Memorandum Order No. 164, dated 21 March 1988); the Secretary of Science and Technology (per Memorandum Order No. 235, dated 19 May 1989); and the Secretary of Transportation and Communications (per Memorandum Order No. 321, dated 26 September 1990). In addition, the Secretary of Energy (per Republic Act No. 7638, approved December 9, 1992) and the Governor of the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (per Section 124 of Republic Act No. 7653, approved June 14, 1993).
On April 22, 2006, the NEDA Board was reconstituted through Administrative Order No. 148, adding eight new members and replacing five original members.
The currently NEDA Board Members are (as of June 30, 2016):
- Rodrigo Duterte, Chair, President of the Philippines
- Ernesto Pernia, Vice-Chair, Director-General of National Economic and Development Authority
- Benjamin Diokno, Secretary of Department of Budget and Management
- Carlos Dominguez III, Secretary of Department of Finance
- Manny Piñol, Secretary of Department of Agriculture
- Mark Villar, Secretary of Department of Public Works and Highways
- Gina Lopez, Secretary of Department of Environment and Natural Resources
- Arthur Tugade, Secretary of Department of Transportation and Communications
- Alfonso Cusi, Secretary of Department of Energy
- Leoncio Evasco, Jr., Secretary of the Cabinet
- Fortunato dela Peña, Secretary of Department of Science and Technology
- Amando Tetangco, Jr., Governor of Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas
- Emerson Carlos, Chairman of Metropolitan Manila Development Authority
- Wanda Corazon Teo, Secretary of Department of Tourism
- Ramon Lopez, Secretary of Department of Trade and Industry
- Vacant, Chairman of Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council
- Mujiv Hataman, Governor of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao
- Christopher Go, Secretary of Presidential Management Staff
- Diwa Guinigundo, Deputy Governor of Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas
- Luwalhati Antonino, Chairwoman of Mindanao Development Authority
- Alfonso Umali Jr., President of Union of Local Authorities of the Philippines
The Board is assisted by six Cabinet-level inter-agency committees:
- Development Budget Coordination Committee (DBCC)
- Infrastructure Committee (InfraCom)
- Investment Coordination Committee (ICC)
- Social Development Committee (SDC)
- Committee on Tariff and Related Matters
- Regional Development Committee (RDCom)
- National Land Use Committee (NLUC).
The NEDA Secretariat serves as the research and technical support arm of the NEDA Board. It also provides technical staff support and assistance, including the conduct of studies and formulation of policy measures and other recommendations on the various aspects of development planning and policy formulation, and coordination, evaluation and monitoring of plan implementation. It is headed by a Director-General, with the title of Secretary for Socio-Economic Planning. He is assisted by three deputy directors-general each of whom is responsible for:
NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OFFICE (NDO):
- Agriculture Staff (ANRES)
- Governance Staff (GovS)
- Infrastructure Staff (IS)
- Monitoring and Evaluation Staff (MES)
- National Policy and Planning Staff (NPPS)
- Public Investment Staff (PIS)
- Social Development Staff (SDS)
- Trade, Services, and Industry Staff (TSIS)
REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT OFFICE (RDO):
- Regional Development Staff (RDS)
- Regional Offices (NROs)
CENTRAL SUPPORT OFFICE (CSO):
- Administrative Staff (AdS)
- Development Information Staff (DIS)
- Financial Planning and Management Staff (FPMS)
- Information and Communications Technology Staff (ITCS)
- Legal Staff (LS)
- The Legislative-Executive Development Advisory Council (LEDAC) Secretariat.
- The Legislative Liaison Office (LLO)
- Tariff Commission (TC),
- Public-Private Partnership (PPP) Center,
- Philippine National Volunteer Service Coordinating Agency (PNVSCA),
- Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA),
- Statistical Research and Training Center (SRTC), and
- Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS).
Moreover, the, Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) is attached to the NEDA for policy and program coordination or integration.