National Electoral Council of Venezuela
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The National Electoral Council (Spanish: Consejo Nacional Electoral) (CNE) is one of the five branches of government of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela that is designed to be independent. It is the institution that has the responsibility of overseeing and guaranteeing the transparency of all elections and referendums in Venezuela at the local, regional, and national levels. The creation of the CNE was ratified by citizens in Venezuela's 1999 constitutional referendum.
The CNE is composed mainly of five officials. They are nominated by the President and are to be elected by a majority vote of the unicameral National Assembly. CNE rulings are made by a majority decision (three out of five) of the five officials. Three out of the five officials are members of the ruling PSUV party.
At present, the CNE officials are: Tibisay Lucena (CNE President, President of the National Electoral Commission), Sandra Oblitas Ruzza (Vice President, President of the Civil and Electoral Registry Commission), Vicente José Gregorio Díaz Silva (President of the Political Participation and Finance Commission), Socorro Elizabeth Hernández Hernández (Member of the National Electoral Commission) and Tania D' Amelio Cardiet (Member of the Civil and Electoral Registry Commission). The CNE also has a general secretary, Xavier Antonio Moreno Reyes, and a juridical consultant, Roberto Ignacio Mirabal Acosta.
The CNE, established by Hugo Chávez was preceded by the Supreme Electoral Council, which was established under an electoral law on September 11, 1936. This entity was replaced by the CNE in 1997 with the passage of a new Organic Law of Suffrage and Participation.
A 2011 report by the Foundation for Democratic Advancement stated that the electoral process is "exceptional", "innovative" and "fair". The organization has repeatedly failed in curtailing government abuse of deadlines and the illegal use of Government funds to finance the ruling party's campaigns.
It has also been alleged that the Supreme Tribunal of Justice with the majority supporting Chávez elected officials to the supposedly non-partisan National Electoral Council of Venezuela (CNE) despite the 1999 Constitution stating that the National Assembly of Venezuela were to perform the action. This resulted with the CNE board having a majority consisting of Chavistas.
- Venezuelan recall referendum of 2004
- Venezuelan parliamentary election, 2005
- Venezuelan presidential election, 2006
- Venezuelan constitutional referendum, 2007
- "Ley de censo electoral y de elecciones, de 11 de septiembre de 1936" (PDF). 1936. Retrieved September 22, 2011.
- "Ley Orgánica del Sufragio y Participación Política" (PDF). Retrieved September 22, 2011.
- Foundation for Democratic Advancement (2011). "2011 FDA Electoral Fairness Audit of Venezuela's Federal Electoral System". Retrieved September 22, 2011.
- Hawkins, Kirk A. (2010). Venezuela's Chavismo and populism in comparative perspective (1. publ. ed.). New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521765039.
- Official website (Spanish)