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National Eligibility and Entrance Test

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National Eligibility cum Entrance Test
Acronym NEET-UG
Type Pen and paper based
Developer / administrator Central Board of Secondary Education
Knowledge / skills tested Biology, Chemistry and Physics
Purpose Admission to undergraduate MBBS and BDS courses in government and private colleges
Year started 2013 (2013)
Duration 3 hours
Score / grade range -180 to +720
Offered Once a year
Restrictions on attempts Maximum nine attempts in successive years (unreserved category)
Maximum 14 attempts in successive years (reserved category)
Countries / regions India
Languages Assamese
Bengali
English
Gujarati
Hindi
Kannada
Marathi
Oriya
Tamil
Telugu
Urdu
Website www.cbseneet.nic.in
As per 2018 information bulletin[1]

The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test or NEET is an entrance examination in India, for students who wish to study graduate and postgraduate medical course (MBBS, MD, MS) and dental course (BDS, MDS) in government or private medical colleges and dental colleges respectively in India. NEET-UG (Undergraduate), for MBBS and BDS courses, is currently conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) which also conducts NEET-SS in partnership with Prometric Testing Pvt Ltd headquartered in the USA.[2]. NEET-UG replaced the All India Pre Medical Test (AIPMT) and all individual MBBS exams conducted by states or colleges themselves in 2013. However, many colleges and institutes had taken a stay order and conducted private examinations for admission to their MBBS and BDS courses. Last NEET-UG was held on 6 May, 2018 and results were declared on 4 June of the same year.

NEET-UG is a single entrance test for admissions to more than 66,000 MBBS and BDS seats across India.[3] In 2018 NEET exam, around 80% of the candidates wrote the exam in English, 11% in Hindi, 4.31% in Gujarati, 3% in Bengali and 1.86% in Tamil.[4][5] From 2019, the National Testing Agency will conduct NEET, instead of CBSE. Undergraduate courses at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences in New Delhi, Postgraduate Institute for Medical Education and Research in Chandigarh, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research JIPMER are outside the NEET’s purview, as these institutes were set up by separate laws.[6]

History

NEET was initially proposed to take place from 2012 onwards.[7] However, for several reasons, the CBSE and Medical Council of India deferred NEET by a year.[8] The test was announced by the Government of India and was held for the first time on 5 May 2013 across India for students seeking admission for both Undergraduate and Postgraduate Medicine.[9] On 18 July 2013, SC gave the decision in favour of 115 petitions and cancelled the NEET exam and announced that MCI could not interfere with the admission process done by colleges.

Following the announcement from the Medical Council of India that it would introduce the NEET-UG exam in 2012, several states including Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Gujarat, West Bengal and Tamil Nadu strongly opposed the change, stating that there was a huge variation in the syllabus proposed by the MCI and their state syllabi.[10] Even though NEET 2016 is conducted in English and Hindi, it was announced that students can write exams in Tamil, Telugu, Marathi, Bengali, Assamese and Gujarati languages from 2017 onwards.[11] Kannada, Odia languages are added to the list so that students can write the exams in nine Indian languages and English.[12] The Supreme Court of India quashed the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) for admissions into all medical and dental colleges on 18 July 2013. The apex court ruled that the Medical Council of India cannot conduct a unified examination.[13]

According to a 2013 announcement by CBSE,[14] CBSE planned to conduct AIPMT on 4 May 2014.[15] The final decision on NEET UG was planned to be taken after the verdict of the Supreme Court of India.

The Central Board of Secondary Education announces the results and the All India Merit List for NEET-UG. The merit list and the wait-list are prepared as per the directives of the Supreme Court of India, DGHS, MCI and DCI. The results for 2013 were announced on 5 June.[16]

NEET was declared illegal and unconstitutional by the Supreme Court of India in 2013. However, it was restored on 11 April 2016, after a five-judge Constitution bench recalled the earlier verdict and allowed the Central Government and the Medical Council of India (MCI) to implement the common entrance test until the court decides afresh on its validity.

Phase One Test

The All India Pre Medical Test, also known as AIPMT, held on 1 May 2016, was considered as the first phase of the NEET. Students who registered for Phase One were given a chance to appear for the next phase of NEET held on 24 July 2016, but with a condition that candidates have to give up their NEET Phase 1 score.[17] The above dates are as per the order of the Supreme Court.[18]

Syllabus

The Medical Council of India (MCI) announced the syllabus[19] for the NEET-UG in 2011. The syllabus had been initially published as a draft to invite feedback from other stakeholders. The syllabus for NEET-PG is the same as that of the MBBS course described in the MCI Regulations concerning Graduate Medical Education, 1997. The multiple choice questions (MCQs) will be based on the MBBS syllabus, as will the knowledge that needs to be acquired during the internship period, which is also described in said regulations. The distribution of questions, model questions and method of tie breaking for ranking have been placed on the website, as well as in the Prospectus.[20]

NEET-UG

The Undergraduate NEET exam is currently conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education, and was held for the first time on 5 May 2013.[21][22][23] With regards to the marking, each correct answer achieves four marks, with one mark being deducted for every wrong answer.[24][25]

NEET-PG

The Common Entrance Test (CET), also known as the NEET Postgraduate exam, is for admission to postgraduate medical courses across India. It was held online during 23 November – 6 December 2012.[26] The All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) will conduct a separate medical entrance test for MDS courses on 13 January 2013.[27] There was a controversy which emerged due to the dress code regulations in 2017[28]

NEET Colleges

As per the orders of Honourable Supreme Court, there will be a single medical entrance exam all over India for admission into medical and dental colleges. The colleges will not be able to conduct their own medical entrance exam and thus all will accept students based on National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test 2017 (NEET) Score. All India Pre Medical Test (AIPMT), is now known as NEET. The total number of seats offered under NEET are 66,000 which is distributed accordingly.[3]

Colleges No. of seats offered
All private colleges 25,840
All government colleges 27,590
NEET Counselling seats 3,521
NEET Basis seats 35,461

NEET is also for admission into 15% seats in government medical and dental colleges and in all private medical and dental colleges all over India except Andhra Pradesh, Telangana. These states do not participate in NEET (15% all India quota).

See also

References

  1. ^ "NEET_UG - 2018 - I N F O R M A T I O N B U L L E T I N" (PDF). JEE (Main) Secretariat - Central Board of Secondary Education. 10 February 2018. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  2. ^ https://www.prometric.com/en-us/clients/NBE-India/Pages/landing.aspx
  3. ^ a b "One from Tamil Nadu in top 50 in NEET".
  4. ^ "Some of Highlights of NEET-UG, 2018".
  5. ^ "Rajasthan, A.P., Kerala record top performances in NEET".
  6. ^ http://entrance.icbse.com/neet/
  7. ^ "NEET UG Likely to be Held in May 2012". careermitra.com. 26 September 2011.
  8. ^ "NEET UG 2012 Cancelled – It's Official". careermitra.com. 12 December 2011.
  9. ^ "MCI rules out vernacular language medium for NEET". The Times Of India. 17 October 2011.
  10. ^ "AP, West Bengal, Maharashtra, Gujarat Strongly Oppose NEET UG". careermitra.com. 1 November 2011.
  11. ^ Now NEET in Gujarati language too! - India Today
  12. ^ Odia, Kannada added to NEET list after furore - Asian Age
  13. ^ Supreme Court Quashes NEET
  14. ^ http://cbse.nic.in/attach/Press%20Release_jammu_neet_2013.pdf
  15. ^ "CBSE to conduct All India Pre Medical Entrance Test (AIPMT) on 04, May 2014*". careermitra.com.
  16. ^ "National Eligibility cum Entrance Test - NEET UG, 2013 Results". Central Board of Secondary Education.
  17. ^ http://www.medicine.careers360.com/news/sc-opens-neet-2016-phase-2-for-all-question-paper-be-in-regional-languages-also-173382
  18. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Supreme-Court-orders-common-entrance-test-for-MBBS-BDS-and-PG-courses-through-NEET/articleshow/52025449.cms
  19. ^ "Common Entrance Test Syllabus for Medical College Admissions". careermitra.com. 23 July 2011.
  20. ^ The syllabus for the NEET-UG, Medical Council of India
  21. ^ "First Neet on May 5, 2013 for MBBS". DECCAN Chronicle. 13 Sep 2013.
  22. ^ National Eligibility cum-Entrance Test to roll out from 2013
  23. ^ NATIONAL ELIGIBILITY AND ENTRANCE TEST-UG - Medical Council of India
  24. ^ "Negative marks in NEET miff students". Times of India. 4 Dec 2012.
  25. ^ "See number 36". CBSE. Central Board of Secondary Education, India.
  26. ^ "Maiden NEET PG to be held ONLINE during 23rd November – 6th December 2012". careermitra.com. 25 September 2012.
  27. ^ "AIIMS NEET for MDS courses to be conducted on 12 Jan 2013". careermitra.com. 15 November 2012.
  28. ^ NEET Latest News