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National Eligibility cum Entrance Test

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National Eligibility cum Entrance Test
AcronymNEET-UG
TypePen and paper based
Developer / administratorCentral Board of Secondary Education (2013-2018)
National Testing Agency (From 2019)
Knowledge / skills testedBiology, Chemistry and Physics
PurposeAdmission to undergraduate MBBS and BDS courses in government and private colleges
Year started2013 (2013)
Duration3 hours
Score / grade range-180 to +720
OfferedOnce a year
Restrictions on attemptsMaximum nine attempts in successive years (unreserved category)
Maximum 14 attempts in successive years (reserved category)
Countries / regionsIndia
LanguagesAssamese
Bengali
English
Gujarati
Hindi
Kannada
Marathi
Oriya
Tamil
Telugu
Urdu
Websitewww.ntaneet.nic.in
As per 2018 information bulletin[1]

The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET), formerly the All India Pre-Medical Test (AIPMT) is an entrance examination in India for students who wish to study undergraduate and postgraduate medical courses (MBBS, MD, MS) and dental courses (BDS, MDS) in government or private medical colleges and dental colleges in India. The undergraduate NEET (UG), for MBBS and BDS courses, is currently conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA), which provides the results to the Directorate General of Health Services at the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.[2] Prior to 2019, the test was administered by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) in partnership with Prometric Testing Pvt Ltd headquartered in the USA.[3]. NEET-UG replaced the All India Pre Medical Test (AIPMT) and all individual MBBS exams conducted by states or colleges themselves in 2013. However, many colleges and institutes had taken a stay order and conducted private examinations for admission to their MBBS and BDS courses. Last NEET-UG was held on 6 May, 2018 and results were declared on 4 June of the same year.

NEET-UG is a single entrance test for admissions to more than 66,000 MBBS and BDS seats across India.[4] In 2018 NEET exam, around 80% of the candidates wrote the exam in English, 11% in Hindi, 4.31% in Gujarati, 3% in Bengali and 1.86% in Tamil.[5][6] Undergraduate courses at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences in New Delhi and Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER) are outside the NEET’s purview, as these institutes were set up by separate laws.[7][2]

History

NEET was initially proposed to take place from 2012 onwards.[8] However, for several reasons, the CBSE and Medical Council of India deferred NEET by a year.[9] The test was announced by the Government of India and was held for the first time on 5 May 2013 across India for students seeking admission for both Undergraduate and Postgraduate Medicine.[10] On 18 July 2013, SC gave the decision in favour of 115 petitions and cancelled the NEET exam and announced that MCI could not interfere with the admission process done by colleges.

Following the announcement from the Medical Council of India that it would introduce the NEET-UG exam in 2012, several states including Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Gujarat, West Bengal and Tamil Nadu strongly opposed the change, stating that there was a huge variation in the syllabus proposed by the MCI and their state syllabi.[11] Even though NEET 2016 is conducted in English and Hindi, it was announced that students can write exams in Tamil, Telugu, Marathi, Bengali, Assamese and Gujarati languages from 2017 onwards.[12] Kannada, Odia languages are added to the list so that students can write the exams in nine Indian languages and English.[13] The Supreme Court of India quashed the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) for admissions into all medical and dental colleges on 18 July 2013. The apex court ruled that the Medical Council of India cannot conduct a unified examination.[14]

According to a 2013 announcement by CBSE,[15] CBSE planned to conduct AIPMT on 4 May 2014.[16] The final decision on NEET UG was planned to be taken after the verdict of the Supreme Court of India.

The Central Board of Secondary Education announces the results and the All India Merit List for NEET-UG. The merit list and the wait-list are prepared as per the directives of the Supreme Court of India, DGHS, MCI and DCI. The results for 2013 were announced on 5 June.[17]

NEET was declared illegal and unconstitutional by the Supreme Court of India in 2013. However, it was restored on 11 April 2016, after a five-judge Constitution bench recalled the earlier verdict and allowed the Central Government and the Medical Council of India (MCI) to implement the common entrance test until the court decides afresh on its validity.

Phase One Test

The All India Pre Medical Test, also known as AIPMT, held on 1 May 2016, was considered as the first phase of the NEET. Students who registered for Phase One were given a chance to appear for the next phase of NEET held on 24 July 2016, but with a condition that candidates have to give up their NEET Phase 1 score.[18] The above dates are as per the order of the Supreme Court.[19]

Exam pattern and structure

NEET-UG

For NEET-UG, there are questions asked from Physics, Chemistry, Botany & Zoology. There are 45 questions from each of the sections. A correct response gives the candidate 4 marks and 1 mark is deducted for every wrong answer. No marks are deducted if the candidate has not attempted a question. The total time duration is of 3 hours.[20]

NEET-PG

In NEET-PG, the question paper is divided into 3 parts: Part A having 50 questions, Part B having 100 questions while Part C having 150 questions. 4 marks is awarded for each correct answer, while 1 mark is deducted for every wrong answer. No marks are deducted if the candidate has not attempted a question. The total time duration is of 3 hours 30 min.[21]

Syllabus

The Medical Council of India (MCI) announced the syllabus[22] for the NEET-UG in 2011. The syllabus had been initially published as a draft to invite feedback from other stakeholders. The syllabus for NEET-PG is the same as that of the MBBS course described in the MCI Regulations concerning Graduate Medical Education, 1997. The multiple choice questions (MCQs) will be based on the MBBS syllabus, as will the knowledge that needs to be acquired during the internship period, which is also described in said regulations. The distribution of questions, model questions and method of tie breaking for ranking have been placed on the website, as well as in the Prospectus.[23]

NEET-UG

NEET UG syllabus consists of concepts taught in standard 11 and 12 in the Indian School Systems.

NEET-PG

All subjects taught during MBBS which includes Pre-Clinical, Para-Clinical and Clinical subjects are evaluated in NEET-PG.

Organizing Body

NEET-UG

The Undergraduate NEET exam is currently conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) (formerly, Central Board of Secondary Education since, 5th May 2013).[24][25][26]

NEET-PG

The Common Entrance Test (CET), also known as the NEET Postgraduate exam, is for admission to postgraduate medical courses across India. It was held online during 23 November – 6 December 2012.[27] The All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) will conduct a separate medical entrance test for MDS courses on 13 January 2013.[28] There was a controversy which emerged due to the dress code regulations in 2017[29]

Colleges

As per the orders of Honourable Supreme Court, there will be a single medical entrance exam all over India for admission into medical and dental colleges. The colleges will not be able to conduct their own medical entrance exam and thus all will accept students based on National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test 2017 (NEET) Score. All India Pre Medical Test (AIPMT), is now known as NEET. The total number of seats offered under NEET are 66,000 which is distributed accordingly.[4]

Colleges No. of seats offered
All private colleges 25,840
All government colleges 27,590
NEET Counselling seats 3,521
NEET Basis seats 35,461

NEET is also for admission into 15% seats in government medical and dental colleges and in all private medical and dental colleges all over India.

See also

References

  1. ^ "NEET_UG - 2018 - I N F O R M A T I O N B U L L E T I N" (PDF). JEE (Main) Secretariat - Central Board of Secondary Education. 10 February 2018. Archived from the original on 11 February 2018. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  2. ^ a b "NEET-FAQ". National Testing Agency (NTA).
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 10 September 2017. Retrieved 10 September 2017.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ a b "One from Tamil Nadu in top 50 in NEET". Archived from the original on 6 June 2018. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
  5. ^ "Some of Highlights of NEET-UG, 2018". Archived from the original on 5 September 2018. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
  6. ^ "Rajasthan, A.P., Kerala record top performances in NEET".
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 November 2011. Retrieved 30 November 2011.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "NEET UG Likely to be Held in May 2012". careermitra.com. 26 September 2011. Archived from the original on 15 September 2012. Retrieved 9 September 2012.
  9. ^ "NEET UG 2012 Cancelled – It's Official". careermitra.com. 12 December 2011. Archived from the original on 25 September 2012. Retrieved 9 September 2012.
  10. ^ "MCI rules out vernacular language medium for NEET". The Times Of India. 17 October 2011. Archived from the original on 2 February 2014. Retrieved 28 October 2011.
  11. ^ "AP, West Bengal, Maharashtra, Gujarat Strongly Oppose NEET UG". careermitra.com. 1 November 2011. Archived from the original on 25 September 2012. Retrieved 9 September 2012.
  12. ^ November 15, India Today Web Desk; November 15, 2016UPDATED:; Ist, 2016 16:29. "Now NEET 2017 in Gujarati language too!". India Today. Archived from the original on 19 February 2018. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
  13. ^ thacker, teena (21 January 2017). "Odia, Kannada added to NEET list after furore". The Asian Age. Archived from the original on 18 February 2018. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
  14. ^ "News18.com: CNN-News18 Breaking News India, Latest News Headlines, Live News Updates". News18. Archived from the original on 21 July 2013. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
  15. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 October 2013. Retrieved 2 October 2013.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ "CBSE to conduct All India Pre Medical Entrance Test (AIPMT) on 04, May 2014*". careermitra.com. Archived from the original on 5 October 2013. Retrieved 2 October 2013.
  17. ^ "National Eligibility cum Entrance Test - NEET UG, 2013 Results". Central Board of Secondary Education. Archived from the original on 7 June 2013. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
  18. ^ https://www.careers360.com. "SC opens NEET 2016 phase 2 for all; scraps state level medical entrance exams". medicine.careers360.com. Archived from the original on 9 July 2018. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
  19. ^ "Supreme Court orders common entrance test for MBBS, BDS and PG courses through NEET - Times of India". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 5 September 2017. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
  20. ^ https://www.careers360.com. "NEET Exam Pattern 2019". medicine.careers360.com. Archived from the original on 9 January 2019. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
  21. ^ https://www.careers360.com. "NEET PG Exam Pattern 2019". medicine.careers360.com. Archived from the original on 9 January 2019. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
  22. ^ "Common Entrance Test Syllabus for Medical College Admissions". careermitra.com. 23 July 2011. Archived from the original on 17 September 2012. Retrieved 9 September 2012.
  23. ^ {{cite web|url=http://www.mciindia.org/NEET/NEETUG.aspx%7Ctitle=The syllabus for the NEET-UG], [[Medical Council of India]|website=mciindia.org|accessdate=19 March 2019|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170629013639/http://www.mciindia.org/NEET/NEETUG.aspx%7Carchive-date=29 June 2017|dead-url=yes|df=dmy-all}}
  24. ^ "First Neet on May 5, 2013 for MBBS". DECCAN Chronicle. 13 September 2013. Archived from the original on 16 September 2012. Retrieved 13 September 2012.
  25. ^ "National Eligibility cum-Entrance Test to roll out from 2013 - Times of India". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 25 December 2011. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
  26. ^ "NATIONAL ELIGIBILITY AND ENTRANCE TEST-UG - Medical Council of India". mciindia.org. Archived from the original on 29 June 2017. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
  27. ^ "Maiden NEET PG to be held ONLINE during 23rd November – 6th December 2012". careermitra.com. 25 September 2012. Archived from the original on 14 September 2012. Retrieved 12 September 2012.
  28. ^ "AIIMS NEET for MDS courses to be conducted on 12 Jan 2013". careermitra.com. 15 November 2012. Archived from the original on 16 November 2012. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  29. ^ "പരീക്ഷഹാളിൽ വിദ്യാർഥിനിയുടെ അടിവസ്ത്രം അഴിപ്പിച്ചു; അവഹേളനം കണ്ണൂരിലെ നീറ്റ് സെന്ററിൽ - NEET - Dress Code - Girl Forced Removed Innerwear - Kannur". ManoramaOnline. Archived from the original on 28 May 2018. Retrieved 19 March 2019.