National Energy Act

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The National Energy Act of 1978 (NEA78) was a legislative response by the U.S. Congress to the 1973 energy crisis. It includes the following statutes:

The legislative initiative was introduced by President Carter. The package was a major step in the legislation of the energy field, both the supply and the demand side. The package has soon been followed by Energy Security Act, 8 acts signed by president Carter in 1980.[1] This sequel package addressed energy conservation and development of renewable energy sources.

The NEA78 and the "security" package established a framework for regulatory and market-based initiatives, energy efficiency programs, tax incentives, tax disincentives, energy conservation programs and alternative fuel programs. Most of the market-based mechanisms have been retained in some form to the present, whereas command and control items have been abandoned.[2]

The next major step in energy legislation in the USA was the Energy Policy Act of 1992.