National Fascist Union (Argentina)

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National Fascist Union
Unión Nacional Fascista
Historic Leader Nimio de Anquín
Founded 1936 (1936)
Dissolved 1939 (1939)[1]
Preceded by Argentine Fascist Party
Ideology Fascism, clerical fascism, Nacionalismo, anti-communism
Political position Far-right

The National Fascist Union (Unión Nacional Fascista, UNF) was a fascist political party formed in Argentina in 1936, as the successor to the Argentine Fascist Party.[2]

In August 1936, UNF leader Nimio de Anquín attempted to force students at a law school in Cordoba to pledge a statement of support for the Spanish dictator Francisco Franco.[3] Police responded with a crackdown against Argentine nationalists.[3] Support for the UNF surged after two nationalists were shot in the Colegio Montserrat in 1938.[3] In the aftermath of the Montserrat murders, Anquin denounced the bourgeoisie for complicity and cowardice and claimed that "communism, Judaism, and degenerate Radicalism" were responsible for causing the murders.[4] Anquín called for the mourners to swear "by God, honour, and the Fatherland, to return the homicidal bullet".[4]

By 1939, the UNF was largely defunct, and Anquín returned to his hometown to resume his earlier career as a lecturer.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Philip Rees (1990). Biographical Dictionary of the Extreme Right Since 1890. p. 97.
  2. ^ Renate Marsiske, Lourdes Alvarado (2006). Movimientos estudiantiles en la historia de América Latina. Mexico City, Mexico: Universidad Nacional Autónoma. p.58.
  3. ^ a b c Sandra McGee Deutsch (1999). Las Derechas: The Extreme Right in Argentina, Brazil, and Chile, 1890-1939. Stanford University Press. p.216.
  4. ^ a b Sandra McGee Deutsch (1999). Las Derechas: The Extreme Right in Argentina, Brazil, and Chile, 1890-1939. Stanford University Press. p.217.