National Film Awards

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National Film Awards
Current: 68th National Film Awards
Vigyan Bhawan Delhi P 20170403 093253.jpg
Vigyan Bhavan, where the National Film Awards are held annually
Awarded forExcellence in cinematic achievements for Indian cinema
LocationVigyan Bhavan, New Delhi
CountryIndia
Presented byDirectorate of Film Festivals
Hosted byNew Delhi
First awarded10 October 1954; 68 years ago (1954-10-10)
Last awarded30 September 2022; 60 days ago (2022-09-30)
Websitedff.nic.in
Most recent National Film Award winners

← 2019 2020[1] 2021 →
 
Suriya2011.jpg
Ajay Devgn grace the 21 years of 'Aap Ki Adalat' celebration.jpg
Aparna Balamurali.png
Award Best Actor Best Actress Best Supporting Actor
Winner Suriya (left) and Ajay Devgn (right) Aparna Balamurali Biju Menon
Work Soorarai Pottru and Tanhaji Soorarai Pottru Ayyappanum Koshiyum
  Rahul Deshpande - Singing in Pune in March 2011.jpg Nanchiyaamma.jpg
Award Best Supporting Actress Best Male Playback Singer Best Female Playback Singer
Winner Lakshmi Priyaa Chandramouli Rahul Deshpande Nanjiyamma
Work Sivaranjiniyum Innum Sila Pengalum
(Mee Vasantrao)
Kalakkatha
(Ayyappanum Koshiyum)
  Sachi.png Supratim Bhol Komodo.jpg Asha Parekh February 2022 enhanced.jpg
Award Best Director Best Cinematographer Dadasaheb Phalke
Winner Sachidanandan K. R. Supratim Bhol Asha Parekh
Work Ayyappanum Koshiyum Avijatrik  –

Previous Best Feature Film

Marakkar: Lion of the Arabian Sea

Best Feature Film

Soorarai Pottru

List of movies with most awards
Movie and Year No. of Awards won

Lagaan (2001)

8

Bajirao Mastani (2015)

7

Godmother (1998)

6

Kannathil Muthamittal (2002)

6

Aadukalam (2010)

6

Sonar Kella (1974)

5

Daasi (1988)

5

Lekin... (1990)

5

Thevar Magan (1992)

5

Jogwa (2008)

5

Kutty Srank (2009)

5

Haider (2014)

5

Nathicharami (2018)

5

Soorarai Pottru (2020)

5

The National Film Awards is the most prominent film award ceremony in India. Established in 1954, it has been administered, along with the International Film Festival of India and the Indian Panorama, by the Indian government's Directorate of Film Festivals since 1973.[2][3]

Every year, a national panel appointed by the government selects the winning entry, and the award ceremony is held in New Delhi, where the President of India presents the awards. This is followed by the inauguration of the National Film Festival, where award-winning films are screened for the public. Declared for films produced in the previous year across the country, they hold the distinction of awarding merit to the best of Indian cinema overall, as well as presenting awards for the best films in each region and language of the country.

History[edit]

The Awards were first presented in 1954. The Government of India conceived the ceremony to honor films made across India, on a national scale, to encourage the furthering of Indian art and culture. Since 1973, the Indian Directorate of Film Festivals administers the ceremony along with other major film events in India annually.

Juries and rules[edit]

The National Film Awards are presented in two main categories: Feature Films and Non-Feature Films. The juries are appointed by the Directorate of Film Festivals in India. Neither the Government nor the Directorate has influence over which films are selected for consideration and which films ultimately win awards. There are strict criteria as to whether a film is eligible for consideration by the jury panels. Over 100 films made across the country are entered in each category (Feature and Non-Feature) for the awards and are deemed eligible each year.

A list of rules is presented every year in a document of regulations known as the National Film Award Regulations. The criteria for eligibility contain many clauses. Among them, there is a direct requirement for the makers of a film, and particularly the director, to be Indian nationals.[4] Films entering the competition should be produced in India, and in the case of co-production involving a foreign entity, there are as many as six conditions that should be fulfilled in order for the film to qualify.[4] According to the criteria, in order to be eligible for consideration by the jury, a film should be certified by the Central Board of Film Certification between 1 January and 31 December. Whether a film is considered a feature film or a non-feature film shall be decided by the Feature Film jury. The eligibility list includes a section of rules determining which films shall not be eligible for entry in the competition.[4]

Awards[edit]

The Awards are categorized into three sections; Feature Films, Non-Feature Films, and Best Writing on Cinema. With each section having its individual aims, Feature Film and Non-Feature Film sections aim at encouraging the production of films of aesthetic and technical excellence and social relevance, contributing to the understanding and appreciation of cultures of different regions of the country in cinematic form, thereby promoting unity and integrity of the nation. The Best Writing on Cinema section aims to encourage the study and appreciation of cinema as an art form and dissemination of information and critical appreciation of the art form through the publication of various books, articles, reviews, newspaper coverage, and studies.[5]

In addition, a lifetime achievement award, named after the father of Indian cinema Dadasaheb Phalke, is awarded to a film personality for the outstanding contribution to the growth and development of Indian Cinema.[5][6]

All the award winners are awarded a Medallion, a cash prize, and a certificate of merit. Six categories from the Feature Films section, two from the Non-Feature Films and Best Writing on Cinema sections each have been made eligible for Swarna Kamal (Golden Lotus Award), and the rest of the categories for Rajat Kamal (Silver Lotus Award).[5]

Lifetime Achievement Award[edit]

Feature Film Awards[edit]

Golden Lotus Award[edit]

Official name - Swarna Kamal

Silver Lotus Award[edit]

Official Name: Rajat Kamal



Best Feature Film in 17 of the 22 languages specified in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution of India:


Best Feature Film in each of the languages other than those specified in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution of India:

Discontinued Awards[edit]

Non-Feature Film Awards[edit]

Golden Lotus Award[edit]

Official Name: Swarna Kamal

Silver Lotus Award[edit]

Official Name: Rajat Kamal


Discontinued Awards[edit]

Writing on Cinema[edit]

Golden Lotus Award[edit]

Official Name: Swarna Kamal


Records[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Soorarai Pottru Dominates 68th National Film Awards". The Hindu. Retrieved 27 July 2022.
  2. ^ Official site Directorate of Film Festivals
  3. ^ Film Festival Archived 17 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ a b c 55th National Film Awards Regulations. Eligibility. Pages 2–3.
  5. ^ a b c "59th National Film Awards: Regulations" (PDF) (Press release). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 2,4,12,14,22,24,25,30. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 March 2012. Retrieved 29 July 2012.
  6. ^ "Dadasaheb Phalke Award Past Recipients". Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 13 August 2012.

Further reading[edit]

  • Matthew, K.M. (2006), Manorama Yearbook 2006, Malayala Manorama, India, ISBN 81-89004-07-7

External links[edit]