National Froebel Foundation

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The National Froebel Foundation (NFF) was a foundation which validated examinations and set standards for teaching training courses at kindergarten level in the United Kingdom. Named after German educator Friedrich Froebel,[1] it began in two separate bodies; the Froebel Society of 1874 and the National Froebel Union of 1887.[2] In 1938 the two merged to form the National Froebel Foundation. The National Froebel Foundation continued until 2012 when it merged with the Froebel Educational Institute to form the Froebel Trust. The Froebel Trust continues as the UK's charity for the promotion of Froebelian education, funding research, training and educational conferences in the UK and outreach work overseas. The NFF's practitioner network continues as the National Froebel Network. [3]

Froebel Society[edit]

Professor Joseph Payne and Caroline Bishop are credited with founding the London Froebel Society.[4] It was started in 1874 with Adelaide Manning amongst the early members. Caroline Bishop was advising the School board on the use of Kindergarten methods and Manning presented a paper on the same subject. The following year the society became national.[5]

Its first President was Beata Doreck (1833–1875), an educationist from Mannheim [6][7] Emily Shirreff was elected President in 1876, and continued for the rest of her life; she died in 1895.[8] Later, in 1932, John Howard Whitehouse was President.[9]


  1. ^ "History". The Froebel Trust. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  2. ^ "National Froebel Foundation Archive". University of Roehampton. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  3. ^ "National Froebel Union". Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  4. ^ W H G Armytage (4 May 2012). German Influence on English Education (RLE Edu A). Routledge. p. 104. ISBN 978-1-136-72261-5.
  5. ^ Gillian Sutherland, ‘Manning, (Elizabeth) Adelaide (1828–1905)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2007 accessed 26 July 2015
  6. ^ Franz Bosbach; William Filmer-Sankey; Hermann Hiery (1 January 2000). Prinz Albert und die Entwicklung der Bildung in England und Deutschland im 19. Jahrhundert / Prince Albert and the Development of Education in England and Germany in the 19th Century. Walter de Gruyter. p. 37. ISBN 978-3-11-095440-1.
  7. ^ Read, Jane. "Doreck, Beata". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/51777. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  8. ^ Levine, Philippa. "Shirreff, Emily Anne Eliza". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/25444. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  9. ^ Dearden, James S. "Whitehouse, (John) Howard". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/52644. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)

External links[edit]