National Front for Liberation

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National Front for Liberation
جبهة الوطنية للتحرير
Jabhat al-Wataniya lil-Tahrir
Participant in the Syrian Civil War
National Front for Liberation logo.png
Logo of the National Front for Liberation
WataniaTahrirFlag.png
Flag of the National Front for Liberation
Active28 May 2018 – present
AllegianceSyrian opposition Syrian Interim Government
Group(s)

Since August 2018:

Leaders
  • Col. Fadlallah al-Haji (top commander and Sham Legion)[7]

Since August 2018:

  • Ahmad Sarhan ("Abu Satif") (first deputy and Suqour al-Sham Brigades)[8]
  • Walid al-Mushayil ("Abu Hashim") (second deputy and Jaysh al-Ahrar)[8]
  • Anad al-Darwish ("Abu al-Munathir") (chief of staff and Ahrar al-Sham)[8]

May–August 2018:

  • Lt. Col. Suhaib Leoush (deputy commander and Free Idlib Army)[7]
  • Maj. Muhammad Mansour (chief of staff and Army of Victory)[7]
Area of operationsNorthwestern Syria
Size70,000 (claimed)[9][better source needed]
Part of Free Syrian Army
Allies Turkish-backed Free Syrian Army
 Turkey[10]
Opponent(s) Syria
Syrian Democratic Forces[11]
Tahrir al-Sham (since 2019)
Battles and war(s)Syrian Civil War
Websitehttps://twitter.com/alwataniatahrer

The National Front for Liberation (Arabic: جبهة الوطنية للتحرير‎, Jabhat al-Wataniya lil-Tahrir) is a Syrian rebel coalition identifying as part of the Free Syrian Army fighting in the Syrian Civil War. The group was formed by 11 rebel factions in northwestern Syria in May 2018,[12] and was officially announced on 28 May 2018. The formation receives major support from Turkey.[10]

Commanders[edit]

Initially between 28 May and 1 August 2018, Colonel Fadlallah al-Haji of the Sham Legion was appointed as the group's overall commander, Lieutenant Colonel Suhaib Leoush of the Free Idlib Army as its deputy commander, and Major Muhammad Mansour of the Army of Victory as its chief of staff.[7]

On 1 August, Ahmad Sarhan ("Abu Satif") of the Suqour al-Sham Brigades and Walid al-Mushayil ("Abu Hashim") of Jaysh al-Ahrar were named as the group's new first and second deputy commanders, respectively, while Walid al-Mushayil ("Abu Hashim") of Ahrar al-Sham was appointed chief of staff.[8]

History[edit]

On 4 June 2018, the Martyrs of Islam Brigade, part of the National Front for Liberation, joined the Sham Legion, also part of the NFL.[13]

On 1 August, the Syrian Liberation Front, which was formed by Ahrar al-Sham and the Nour al-Din al-Zenki Movement in February 2018, as well as Jaysh al-Ahrar and the Damascus Gathering joined the formation.[8]

On 5 August, the NFL arrested 45 people accused of attempting to reconcile with the Syrian government in al-Ghab Plain and Mount Shashabo in the western Hama countryside.[14] On 13 August, the crackdown campaign was expanded to Maarat al-Nu'man and Ariha.[15]

On 9 August, the NFL's Sham Legion launched an attack on a People's Protection Units (YPG) cell in the southeastern Afrin countryside, killing 4 YPG fighters and capturing small arms and ammunition.[11]

On 14 August, the group released a video showing the training of its self-proclaimed "Unit 82 SWAT Forces".[3] On the same day, a group of around 200 fighters formed the Free Hayan Brigade and joined the NFL in order to "unite factions", "fight forces of the Syrian regime", and avoid rebel infighting.[4] The next day, the Free North Brigade which operates around the same area also joined the NFL.[5] On 27 August, the Imam Ali Battalion joined the Free North Brigade.[6]

On 26 March 2019, The National Liberation Front released a statement declaring its rejection and condemnation of US President Donald Trump's decision to recognize the Golan Heights as part of Israel.[16]

Member groups[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ @badly_xeroxed (18 February 2018). "Liwa al-Adiyat of the Badia Sector..." (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  2. ^ "The assassination of a leader of Ahrar al-Sham north of Idlib, and the last escape of the west of Hama". STEP News Agency. 2 February 2018.
  3. ^ a b @alwataniathrer (14 August 2018). "National Front for Liberation" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  4. ^ a b "Dozens of fighters form the brigade of northern Aleppo and declare joining the "National Front"". SMART News Agency. 14 August 2018.
  5. ^ a b الشامية, محرر الدرر (15 August 2018). ""الجبهة الوطنية للتحرير" تتوسّع بانضمام فصيل عسكري جديد". الدرر الشامية (in Arabic).
  6. ^ a b @badly_xeroxed (27 August 2018). "The Imam Ali Battalion led by Waled Shagal joined the ranks of FSA National Liberation Front" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  7. ^ a b c d "11 FSA Factions in New Command in of "National Front Liberation"". Syria Call. 28 May 2018.
  8. ^ a b c d e "Meet the leading leaders of the "National Liberation Front"". Enab Baladi. 1 August 2018.
  9. ^ "المعارضة المعتدلة.. القوة الأساسية في إدلب | هيومن فويس | عين على الحقيقة". هيومن فويس | عين على الحقيقة (in Arabic). 11 September 2018.
  10. ^ a b "11 فصيلًا يشكلون "الجبهة الوطنية للتحرير" في إدلب". Enab Baladi. 29 May 2018.
  11. ^ a b c "Four dead for "units" Kurdish in Afrin region in confrontations with the "free"". SMART News Agency. 9 August 2018.
  12. ^ "Many factions in the province of Idlib are moving to merge under the name "National Liberation Front"". Syria Call. 11 May 2018.
  13. ^ @QalaatAlMudiq (4 June 2018). "Syria: FSA Shuhada Islam Brigade from Daraya officially merged with Faylaq Sham, part of National Liberation Front (#NLF)" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  14. ^ ""National Liberation Front" begins a security campaign against "Orabi reconciliation"". Enab Baladi. 5 August 2018.
  15. ^ ""National Liberation Front" campaign against promoters of surrender to the Syrian regime expands to the cities of "Ma'arat al-Nu'man and Ariha". Syria Call. 13 August 2018.
  16. ^ https://pbs.twimg.com/media/D2m6W-sWsAI_ubn.jpg
  17. ^ a b c Cite error: The named reference ceip15april was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  18. ^ "فيلق الشام on Twitter".
  19. ^ Barić, Joško (23 May 2017). "Liwa al-Sadiq based in Abu al-Duhur and led by Abu al-Sami joined Faylaq al-Shampic.twitter.com/uMc7amKBBL".
  20. ^ "Hassan Ridha on Twitter". Retrieved 12 July 2016.
  21. ^ "Syrian Civil War factions".
  22. ^ https://www.baladi-news.com/ar/news/details/39884/
  23. ^ @QalaatAlMudiq (4 June 2018). "Syria: FSA Shuhada Islam Brigade from Daraya officially merged with Faylaq Sham, part of National Liberation Front (#NLF)" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  24. ^ "About Islam Martyrs Brigade". Local Council of Daraya City.
  25. ^ "جيش المجاهدين يعلن انضمامه لحركة أحرار الشام - وكالة قاسيون للأنباء".
  26. ^ a b c Tamer Osman (8 February 2017). "Syrian rebel groups see necessity in consolidating ranks". Al-Monitor. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  27. ^ a b @Syria_Rebel_Obs (25 January 2017). "As JFS leading its war in Idlib gov', many factions seeking refuge inside Ahrar ash-Sham : these five sunni factions merged in it" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  28. ^ "Al Maqalaat Pubs on Twitter".[permanent dead link]
  29. ^ الجناح الكوردي [@aljanahalkurdy] (29 January 2017). "#الجناح_الكوردي #أحرار_الشام ❌ لاصحة لما تتداوله بعض وسائل الإعلام عن إنضمام الجناح الكوردي لهيئة تحرير الشام❌ #الجناح_الكوردي_لأحرار_الشام" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  30. ^ https://carnegie-mec.org/diwan/59471?lang=en
  31. ^ archicivilians [@archicivilians] (26 February 2016). "#Syria: Jaysh al-S unna (+500 fighters) joined Ahrar al-Sham Movement (largest Syrian Opposition Islamist force)" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  32. ^ "New statement from Ḥarakat Aḥrār al-Shām al-Islāmīyyah: "About the Joining of a Constellation of Major Factions To Our Group"". Jihadology. 26 January 2017.
  33. ^ "Farouk Brigades Joins Ahrar Al-Sham Movement - Qasion News Agency".
  34. ^ "FSA-affiliated group joins Al-Qaeda coalition; making it the largest militant group in Syria". 21 March 2017.
  35. ^ archicivilians [@archicivilians] (29 January 2017). "Note: The main #AhrarAlSham force is Al-Eman Army, which is considered as Ahrar's main body, included in this…" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  36. ^ "Omar Farouq Brigade calls on Muslims to wage jihad in Syria - FDD's Long War Journal".
  37. ^ "Are Syria's Salafi movements witnessing a split?". 13 November 2015.
  38. ^ "Sham Army". YouTube.
  39. ^ "Jaysh al-Sham to join the Islamic Movement of Ahrar al-Sham". en.eldorar.com.
  40. ^ "Jaish al-Sham: An Ahrar al-Sham Offshoot or Something More?".
  41. ^ "New mergers in northern #Syria". en.eldorar.com.
  42. ^ a b "Several military formations join of Ahrar al-Sham". en.eldorar.com.
  43. ^ "Trouble in paradise: Jihadist faction defects from Al-Qaeda to Ahrar Al-Sham". 26 June 2017.
  44. ^ oreusser [@AllyOfTruth] (30 July 2017). "Martyr Usama Suno battalion announces renewal of its allegiance to Ahrar al-Sham, operating in #Idlib" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  45. ^ كودي روش [@badly_xeroxed] (14 October 2017). "#FSA Liberation of #Syria Front: 6 groups that defected from #HTS form new group" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  46. ^ "Integration of "the dawn of the nation" with "free Sham" East Balgoth Rural Damascus". Qasioun News Agency. 12 May 2017. Archived from the original on 19 October 2017. Retrieved 12 May 2017.
  47. ^ a b https://syrianwardaily.wordpress.com/2017/12/09/syrian-war-daily-9th-of-december-2017/
  48. ^ https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DETD09OXYAIWgSv.jpg
  49. ^ https://www.enabbaladi.net/archives/133537
  50. ^ https://017qndpynh-flywheel.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/FSA-friendly.jpg
  51. ^ http://archicivilians.com/2015/10/21/infographic-three-rebel-factions-joined-ahrar-al-sham-movement-in-october-2015-syria/
  52. ^ https://pbs.twimg.com/media/C3XjuUUWYAEF1rP.jpg
  53. ^ https://pbs.twimg.com/media/C6UJwlsXQAACmSX.jpg
  54. ^ https://pbs.twimg.com/media/C8-amkPXYAACKrx.jpg
  55. ^ https://pbs.twimg.com/media/C4pyf9mWIAIym-Z.jpg