Islamic Liberation Front of Patani

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Islamic Liberation Front of Patani
Barisan Islam Pembebasan Patani
Participant in the South Thailand insurgency
Active 1947 (1947)[1] – present
Ideology Separatism
Conservative Islam[2]
Nationalism[3]
Islamism[4]
Groups Tentara Nasional Pembebasan Rakyat Patani (People's National Liberation Army of Patani)[5]
Leaders Tengku Mahmud Mahyiddin[5][1]
Tengku Abdul Jalal[3][6]
Headquarters Kelantan, Malaysia[2]
Area of operations Southern Thailand
Originated as Reorganised as BNPP in 1959[7]
Renamed to BIPP in 1986
Opponents  Thailand
Battles and wars South Thailand insurgency

The Islamic Liberation Front of Patani (Malay: Barisan Islam Pembebasan Patani, abbreviated BIPP), until 1986 known as the National Liberation Front of Patani (NLFP; Malay: Barisan Nasional Pembebasan Patani, BNPP; also translated as "Patani National Liberation Front" or "National Front for the Liberation of Pattani"; Thai: ขบวนการแนวร่วมปลดแอกแห่งชาติปัตตานี) is a militant Islamic separatist movement based in northern Malaysia and with a history of operations in the South Thailand insurgency.

History[edit]

The group was formed in 1959 by Tengku Abdul Jalal, aka Adul na Saiburi,[8] and is reputed to be one of the first armed insurgent outfits in the Pattani area.[9] The group had its base in Southern Thailand.[10]

Barisan Islam Pembebasan Patani[edit]

The BNPP was very active in the 1970s and 1980s. It renamed itself to "Islamic Front for the Liberation of Pattani" (BIPP) in 1986.[4][11] After a period of dormancy, it was revived in 2002. The renewed group has reduced its nationalistic emphasis and expanded its hard-line Islamic politico-religious goals. The political wing of the group participates in Malaysian state-level politics.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Moshe Yegar (2002). Between Integration and Secession: The Muslim Communities of the Southern Philippines, Southern Thailand and Western Burma/Myanmar. Lexington Books. p. 143. 
  2. ^ a b David Carment; Patrick James; Zeynep Taydas (2006). "Thai Malay Separatism: Managing Interstate Ethnic Conflict". Who Intervenes? Ethnic Conflict and Interstate Crisis. Ohio State University Press. p. 120. 
  3. ^ a b Kobkua Suwannathat-Pian (2013). Historical Identity, Nation, and History-Writing: The Malay Muslims of Southern Thailand, 1940s–1980s. Ghosts of the Past in Southern Thailand. NUS Press. p. 238. 
  4. ^ a b Bilveer Singh (2007). The Talibanization of Southeast Asia: Losing the War on Terror to Islamist Extremists. Praeger. 
  5. ^ a b Kees van Dijk (2005). "Coping with Separatism: Is there a solution?". Violent Internal Conflicts in Asia Pacific. Yayasan Obor Indonesia. p. 189. 
  6. ^ Wan Kadir Che Man (1995). National Integration and Resistance Movement: The Case of Muslims in Southern Thailand. Regions and National Integration in Thailand, 1892-1992. Harrassowitz Verlag. p. 242. 
  7. ^ Bertil Lintner (8 September 2007). "Who's who in Thailand's Muslim insurgency". Asia Times. 
  8. ^ No one is safe, Human Rights Watch, p. 15
  9. ^ Who's who in Thailand's Muslim insurgency by Bertil Lintner
  10. ^ PULO Website
  11. ^ Sugu Narayanan (2011). The Relevance of Islam in Southeast Asian Civil Wars. Unraveling Internal Conflicts in East Asia and the Pacific. Lexington Books. p. 134. 
  12. ^ Barry M. Rubin (ed.), Guide to Islamist Movements, Volume 2, p. 104