Islamic Liberation Front of Patani
|Islamic Liberation Front of Patani|
|Barisan Islam Pembebasan Patani
Participant in the South Thailand insurgency
|Active||1947 – present|
|Groups||Tentara Nasional Pembebasan Rakyat Patani (People's National Liberation Army of Patani)|
|Leaders||Tengku Mahmud Mahyiddin
Tengku Abdul Jalal
|Area of operations||Southern Thailand|
|Originated as||Reorganised as BNPP in 1959
Renamed to BIPP in 1986
|Battles and wars||South Thailand insurgency|
The Islamic Liberation Front of Patani (Malay: Barisan Islam Pembebasan Patani, abbreviated BIPP), until 1986 known as the National Liberation Front of Patani (NLFP; Malay: Barisan Nasional Pembebasan Patani, BNPP; also translated as "Patani National Liberation Front" or "National Front for the Liberation of Pattani"; Thai: ขบวนการแนวร่วมปลดแอกแห่งชาติปัตตานี) is a militant Islamic separatist movement based in northern Malaysia and with a history of operations in the South Thailand insurgency.
The group was formed in 1959 by Tengku Abdul Jalal, aka Adul na Saiburi, and is reputed to be one of the first armed insurgent outfits in the Pattani area. The group had its base in Southern Thailand.
Barisan Islam Pembebasan Patani
The BNPP was very active in the 1970s and 1980s. It renamed itself to "Islamic Front for the Liberation of Pattani" (BIPP) in 1986. After a period of dormancy, it was revived in 2002. The renewed group has reduced its nationalistic emphasis and expanded its hard-line Islamic politico-religious goals. The political wing of the group participates in Malaysian state-level politics.
- Moshe Yegar (2002). Between Integration and Secession: The Muslim Communities of the Southern Philippines, Southern Thailand and Western Burma/Myanmar. Lexington Books. p. 143.
- David Carment; Patrick James; Zeynep Taydas (2006). "Thai Malay Separatism: Managing Interstate Ethnic Conflict". Who Intervenes? Ethnic Conflict and Interstate Crisis. Ohio State University Press. p. 120.
- Kobkua Suwannathat-Pian (2013). Historical Identity, Nation, and History-Writing: The Malay Muslims of Southern Thailand, 1940s–1980s. Ghosts of the Past in Southern Thailand. NUS Press. p. 238.
- Bilveer Singh (2007). The Talibanization of Southeast Asia: Losing the War on Terror to Islamist Extremists. Praeger.
- Kees van Dijk (2005). "Coping with Separatism: Is there a solution?". Violent Internal Conflicts in Asia Pacific. Yayasan Obor Indonesia. p. 189.
- Wan Kadir Che Man (1995). National Integration and Resistance Movement: The Case of Muslims in Southern Thailand. Regions and National Integration in Thailand, 1892-1992. Harrassowitz Verlag. p. 242.
- Bertil Lintner (8 September 2007). "Who's who in Thailand's Muslim insurgency". Asia Times.
- No one is safe, Human Rights Watch, p. 15
- Who's who in Thailand's Muslim insurgency by Bertil Lintner
- PULO Website
- Sugu Narayanan (2011). The Relevance of Islam in Southeast Asian Civil Wars. Unraveling Internal Conflicts in East Asia and the Pacific. Lexington Books. p. 134.
- Barry M. Rubin (ed.), Guide to Islamist Movements, Volume 2, p. 104
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